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Italians will rarely be in unison about anything, but many would be unanimous about the fact that the very best food in the nation is within Emilia-Romagna. Tortellini, fettuccine, Mozzarella dairy product, prosciutto crudo, and balsamic vinegar are only a couple of from the Italian special treats born here. Among the special gems of Emilia-Romagna is the fact that its exceptional food can be purchased without emptying your wallet. Bologna (as being a college town) has great places for reasonably priced eats. But you will find lots of things to enjoy in this area past the food. Ravenna has brick palaces, cobbled roads, magnificent monuments, and spectacular Byzantine mosaics---glittering as vibrantly today because they did 1,five centuries visit help remind you from the city's storied past. In Bologna's well-maintained city center, arcades line most of the primary thoroughfares, shading the pathways to this kind of extent that you could stroll out for hours. The popular Spaghetti Bolognese, consumed heartily worldwide, also gets its name from this sleepy yet exciting Italian region.   

Docking & Local Transportation
There is a cruise passenger terminal further out of town which can be reached by taxi or ATM bus 72. Ravenna is increasingly featured on cruises around Italy and the Adriatic.

Things to do & see
A single combination ticket (offered at ticket offices of incorporated sights) confesses you to definitely four of Ravenna's important monuments: the Mausoleo di Galla Placidia, the Basilica di San Vitale, the Battistero Neoniano, and Sant'Apollinare Nuovo. One half day should suffice just to walk the city allow 30 minutes for that Mausoleo and also the Basilica.
Basilica di San Vitale
The octagonal in shape chapel of San Vitale was built-in AD 547, following the Byzantines mastered the town. In the region behind the altar are the favorite works within the chapel, showing Emperor Justinian and the retinue on a single wall, and the wife, Empress Theodora, together with her retinue, around the opposite wall. Notice the way the mosaics effortlessly cover the posts and curved archways around the upper sides from the altar area. Bookings are suggested from March through mid-June.
Battistero Neoniano
Across the street from Ravenna's 18th-century cathedral, the baptistery has among the town's most significant mosaics. It dates right from the start from the fifth century AD, with work ongoing with the century. Consistent with the building's role, the truly amazing variety within the dome shows the baptism of Christ, and beneath would be the Apostles. The cheapest register of mosaics consists of Christian symbols, the Throne of God, and also the Mix. Note the naked figure kneeling alongside Christ-he's the personification from the River Jordan. Via Battistero. Admission billed.
Mausoleo di Galla Placidia
The small tomb and also the great chapel stand alongside, however the tomb predates the Basilica di San Vitale by a minimum of 100 years. Both of these adjacent sights are decorated using the best-known, most elaborate mosaics in Ravenna. Seen in the outdoors, it is a small, humble red-colored-brick building: the exterior's seeming poverty of charm only serves to boost by comparison the richness from the interior mosaics, in deep night time blue and glittering gold.
The small central dome is decorated with indicating Christ, the evangelists, and striking gold stars. Within the door is really a depiction from the Good Shepherd. Eight from the Apostles are symbolized in categories of two around the four inner walls from the dome another four appear singly around the walls of these two transepts.
Spot the small doves in their ft, consuming in the water of belief. And in the small transepts are a few wonderful pairs of deer (representing souls), consuming in the fountain of resurrection. You will find three sarcophagi within the tomb, none which are thought to retain the remains of Galla Placidia. She died in Rome in AD 450, and there isn't any record of her body's getting been moved to where she wanted to lie.
Sant'Apollinare Nuovo.
The church's mosaics date in the early sixth century, which makes them slightly over the age of individuals in San Vitale. Because the left side from the chapel was restricted to women, it is just fitting the mosaics with that wall illustrate 22 virgins offering crowns towards the Virgin Mary. Around the right wall are 26 males transporting the crowns of martyrdom. They approach Christ, encircled by angels.
Battistero Neoniano - this baptistery was built at the beginning of the fifth century and was renovated by a bishop called Neone fifty years later (hence the name). The building is octagonal and its interior is highly decorated with marbles, carvings and mosaics. The mosaic in the domed ceiling portrays the story of the baptism of Christ by John the Baptist.
Basilica di Sant'Apollinare Nuovo - this basilica houses some of the most reproduced of Ravenna's mosaics. A mosaic frieze shows processions of martyrs and virgins leaving Ravenna - represented by the palace of Theodoric - and the port of Classe to pay tribute to Christ and the Madonna.
Cappella Arcivescovile, also called the Cappella di Sant'Andrea - closed for restoration at the time of writing, this chapel contains sixth-century mosaics.
Mausoleo di Teodorico (Mausoleum of Theodoric) is also listed by UNESCO; it can be visited on a combined ticket with the Museo Nazionale and the Basilica di Sant'Apollinare in Classe, which is outside Ravenna and which is described below. The mausoleum, a striking white cylindrical building, was built outside the city walls so is some way from the other tourist sights of Ravenna. Theodoric, known as 'the Great', was the King of the Ostrogoths and became ruler of Italy, with his capital here in Ravenna. His tomb, constructed around 520, is topped with a single, massive block of stone. Visitors can enter the building and climb to the upper floor.
Battistero degli Ariani (Arian Baptistery). This small sixth-century baptistery is crowned by another lovely mosaic illustrating the baptism of Christ, this time with the inclusion of a personification of the River Jordan. The Apostles are portrayed circling the scene. The building is free to enter.
Ravenna's museums are not terribly well-laid out; when I visited I found they lacked marked routes and it was hard to locate important exhibits or work out whether I had seen all the rooms. They do contain some interesting exhibits though, and if you have the time it is worth visiting at least these two:
Museo Nazionale (National Museum) - this is part of the same complex as San Vitale and the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, although it is entered on a different combined ticket as described above. The contents of the museum range from the interior of a historic pharmacy to a section on the prehistoric era. There is some attractive inlaid furniture including a fantastic sixteenth-century cherry-wood cabinet decorated with imaginary towns, hunting scenes and fair ladies. One of the most interesting exhibits is a small section of mosaic from San Vitale, showing the head of an angel. Being able to examine this at close quarters provides a real insight into the techniques and skills employed to create the mosaics of Ravenna.
Bologna, a town wealthy with cultural jewels, has lengthy been among the best-stored secrets in northern Italia. Piazza Maggiore and also the adjacent Piazza del Nettuno would be the historic centers from the city. Arranged around both of these squares would be the imposing Basilica di San Petronio, the huge Palazzo Comunale, the Palazzo del Podestà, the Palazzo Re Enzo, and also the Fontana del Nettuno-probably the most aesthetically harmonious types of public structures. Came from here, sights that are not on among the pieces are however a short leave, along wonderful narrow cobblestone roads or underneath the ubiquitous arcades that be used as municipal umbrellas. Take a minimum of a complete day to understand more about Bologna it's compact and gives itself to easy exploration, there is however plenty to determine.
Basilica di San Petronio. Construction about this huge cathedral started in 1390 and also the work still is not finished greater than 600 years later. The wings from the transept are missing and also the facade is just partly decorated, missing the majority of the marble which was meant to embellish it. The primary entrance was created in 1425 through the great Sienese master Jacopo della Quercia.
Above the middle of the doorway is really a Madonna and Child between saints Ambrose and Petronius, the city's patrons. Michelangelo, Giulio Romano, and Andrea Palladio (amongst others), posted designs for that facade, that have been all eventually declined. The basilica's interior is big. The Bolognese decided a level bigger chapel, but needed to tone lower construction once the college chair was established nearby in 1561. The Museo di San Petronio consists of models showing the way it was initially designed to look. The most crucial art within the chapel is incorporated in the 4th chapel around the left: these frescoes by Giovanni di Modena date from 1410-15.
Fontana del Nettuno. Artist Giambologna's elaborate 1563-66 Baroque fountain and monument to Neptune taking up Piazza Nettuno continues to be appropriately nicknamed Il Gigante ("The EnormousInch). Its sensual mermaids and undraped God from the ocean came fire if this was built, although not enough, apparently, to dissuade individuals from while using fountain like a public washing stall for hundreds of years.
Two landmark towers, pointed out by Dante within the Inferno, stand alongside within the compact Piazza di Porta Ravegnana. Once families worth focusing on were built with a tower denoting prestige and energy-so that as a possible fortress. Now only 60 remain out in excess of 200 that when presided within the city. Torre Garisenda (in the late eleventh century), which tilts 10 ft off verticle with respect, was reduced to 165 ft within the 1300s and it is now closed to site visitors. Torre degli Asinelli (circa 1109) is 320-ft tall and sways 7½ ft. If you are up to and including serious physical challenge-and never claustrophobic-climb the 500 narrow, wooden steps to obtain the view over Bologna.
Santo Stefano. This unusual basilica really consists of between four and 7 connected places of worship (government bodies differ). A fourth-century temple devoted to Isis was initially on this website, though a lot of a specific item dates in the tenth with the twelfth centuries. The earliest existing building is Santi Vitale e Agricola, areas of which date in the fifth century. The exquisite beehive-shape San Sepolcro consists of a Nativity scene favorite by Bologna's children, who come at Christmastime to pay for their respects towards the Christ Child.
Just outdoors the chapel, which most likely dates in the fifth century with later modifications, may be the Cortile di Pilato (Pilate's Courtyard), named for that basin within the center. It's stated that Pontius Pilate cleaned his hands within this basin after condemning Christ-even though it had been most likely crafted round the eighth century. Gleam museum exhibiting various medieval religious works together with a store selling honey, shampoos, and jams produced by the monks. Via Santo Stefano 24, Piazza Santo Stefano, College area.
Have a stroll with the roads from the college area: a jumble of structures, some dating back to the 15th century and many towards the 17th and 18th. The area, as is appropriate for a university town, is filled with bookstores, coffee bars, and affordable restaurants. Not one of them is particularly distinguished, but they are all sign of student existence within the city. One of the college museums, probably the most interesting may be the Museo di Palazzo Poggi, which shows scientific instruments plus paleontological, botanical, and college-related items. Via Zamboni 33, College area. Admission billed.
Where to eat in Ravenna
For most day visitors to Ravenna , pausing at one of the lively café's in Piazza del Popolo and enjoying a Piadine (typical Ravenna style sandwich) would suffice. But, for those looking for a more in-depth culinary experience of the local cuisine we have listed a couple of restaurants to enhance your time in Ravenna .
Ca' de Ven Restaurant, Ravenna In the heart of the old city, just a short distance from Piazza del Popolo you'll find the Ca' de Ven restaurant which is ideal for a hearty lunch or dinner.
An old vaulted wine cellar, that is very popular with the locals where you'll sit at long tables along with fellow dinners and feast on platters of delicious cold cuts, Piadine (gridle breads), a fabulous salad bar as well as typical first and second plates accompanied by divine local wines at reasonable prices.
The restaurant is open daily ( except Mondays) and is located at Via C Rica 24. Reservations are not accepted.
Bella Venezia Restaurant, Ravenna graceful low archways lead into this elegant restaurants two dining rooms. Try the special risotto Bazzari ( with butter Parmigiano, cured ham, mushrooms, and peas), and for an entrée the bistecca all'Ortolana ( veal in cream sauce with cured ham and Zucchini). A good value tourist menu is also available. The restaurant is located at Via IV Novembre 16. Telephone 0544 212746.
Bologna is a great spot to buy wine. Several shops possess a bewilderingly wide variety-to visit straight to the peak, request the managers which wines have won the exclusive Tre Bicchieri (Three Glasses) award from Gambero Rosso's wine bible, Vini d'Italia.
Mercato delle Erbe. This busy grocery store is open Monday through Wednesday and Friday 7-1:15 and 5-7:30 (4:30-7:30 October-March), and Thursday and Saturday 7-1:15. Via Ugo Bassi 25, Piazza Maggiore area.
Mercato di Mezzo. Niche meals, fruits, and veggies offer an intense barrage of sights and smells only at that market. It’s open Monday through Saturday 7-1 and 4:15-7:30, except for Thursday mid-day, when it is closed. Via Peschiere Vecchie, Piazza Maggiore area.
Paolo Atti & Figli. This area continues to be creating a number of Bologna's finest pastas, cakes, along with other special treats in excess of 130 years. Via Caprarie 7, Piazza Maggiore area.
Roccati. Sculptural works of chocolate, in addition to fundamental bonbons and much easier sweets, happen to be crafted here since 1909. Via Clavature 17/a, Piazza Maggiore area.
Scaramagli. Friendly proprietors run this midsize, no-fuss wine store. Strada Maggiore 31/d, College area.
Via Oberdan is best for fresh produce, meat, along with other meals. Head to this street near Via dell'Indipendenza downtown. Located in the Piazza Maggiore area.

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