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The British colony of Gibraltar, known around the world because the famous rock, is among the most attractive locations on the planet. The significance of Gibraltar's geographic position, protecting the doorway towards the Mediterranean and beyond, continues to be recognized since ancient occasions and through the centuries the popularly sought after rock continues to be the sight of numerous battles to wield power over it. 
 
Presently, Gibraltar is really a top tourist destination, and also the gateway for European vacationers who would like to result in the 14km journey towards the African landmass. A visit to the summit from the Rock is spectacular, much like appointments with the Gibraltar Museum, St. Michael's Caves, and also the Moorish Castle. The town isn't particularly noted for its shopping and night life, but great duty-free deals are available on Primary Street, as well as an evening stroll lower this pedestrian thoroughfare is really a wonderfully romantic method to finish your day within this historic stretch of land.
 
Docking & Local Transportation
Cruise ships pier in the Port of Gibraltar. The little protectorate of Gibraltar is situated within easy reach from the port.Gibraltar is extremely small in dimensions; so much of your traveling can be achieved by walking.
 
Local Interests
An excellent place to start your search for Gibraltar reaches the Gibraltar Museum. Here you can study concerning the illustrious good reputation for the Rock through the millennia. The Gibraltar museum is situated at Explosive device House Lane, and it is open Monday through Friday, 10am to 6pm, and Saturday from 10am to 2pm.
 
The Moorish Castle is situated on Willis Road, and it is history goes back towards the eighth century. Built through the descendants of Jebel Tariq, the castle has faced siege after siege, and it has organized marvelously, thinking about its tormented past. The British have controlled the Moorish castle since their occupation of Gibraltar in 1704.
 
St. Michael's Cave, situated on Queens Road, may be the biggest of Gibraltar's 160 caves. It's a spelunker's dream, filled with stalactites and stalagmites in abundance, and also the periodic evening concert. Make sure to take the camera to those incredibly attractive caves.
 
Departing regularly in the southern finish of Primary Street, the ride around the cable vehicle that can take you to definitely the summit from the Rock of Gibraltar is really superb. Once at the very top, you're treated to remarkable sights from the Spanish language and African coastlines, such as the town of Algeciras and also the South of Spain.
 
Attractions
If you're pressed for time, we suggest you bypass most of the attractions of Gibraltar and concentrate instead on the Upper Rock Nature Preserve, accessible from Jews' Gate, where you will find St. Michael's Cave, the Apes' Den, the Great Siege Tunnels, and the ruins of the old Moorish Castle. All of these attractions are open daily from 9:30am to 6:30pm. A combination ticket to the attractions costs £7.50 ($15) and includes the price of the one-way cable car to the Upper Rock. You can purchase a ticket for only the cable car if you wish, a round-trip ticket going for £6.50 ($13), plus individual tickets to the attractions. The cable-car departure point is signposted near the eastern end of Main Street in the center of Gibraltar. Cable cars (tel. 350-778-26) depart every 10 minutes from 9:30am to 5:15pm, with the last return at 5:45pm.
 
The cable car stops first at the Apes' Den, along Old Queen's Road. Here you can see the famous Barbary apes cavorting on the sides of rocks. Despite their name, they aren't really apes but cinnamon-colored tail-less monkeys (macaques). Legend has it that the first monkeys were either brought in by the Moors or that they found their way through a tunnel that linked St. Michael's Cave with Africa. Regular mealtimes -- the monkeys are fed daily at 8am and 4pm by a member of the Gibraltar Regiment -- have helped to stop their descending to the town for food. The monkeys are carefully tended and protected by the British, since they have a saying: "When the apes leave the Rock, so will the British."
 
The other two major attractions here are in opposite directions from the Apes' Den. To reach St. Michael's Cave, you have to walk east along Queen's Road. The caves are a natural grotto whose magnificent auditorium is used for concerts and other live performances. The lower cave and lake, reached by guided tour, are connected to the Upper Cave (open to the public) by a passage spanning the 15- to 45m (50- to 150-ft.) difference in depth. A labyrinth of passages has formed naturally in the porous rock and it's possible for even an amateur to travel for miles underground.
 
The final of the big three attractions, the Great Siege Tunnels are at the western end of the nature preserve, facing Spain. To reach them, you have to walk west along Queen's Road, bypassing the Apes' Den.
 
There are fine observation points along the road with views over the harbor and toward Spain. At the end of the road, you reach the Upper Galleries, now known as the Great Siege Tunnels. These are not picture galleries but large tunnels hewn in solid rock that are used mostly as vantage points for guns hauled up to the Rock to protect it from the Spanish mainland. The tunnels were carved out during the Great Siege of 1779 to 1782. Governor Lord Napier entertained Ulysses S. Grant, the former U.S. president, in 1878, with a banquet here in St. George's Hall.
 
Directly south of the tunnels are the ruins of the Moorish Castle, which you can skip if you're short of time. It was constructed by the descendants of Tariq who captured the Rock in 711. The nearby Tower of Homage dates from 1333, dominating the only land entrance to Gibraltar. The tower and adjoining walls are floodlit at night, a dramatic sight for passengers on ships sailing through the Straits of Gibraltar. Little remains of the original castle, other than parts of its outer walls running between the castle, the harbor, and the ancient Moorish Pier.
 
Most day-trippers end their sightseeing of Gibraltar at this point. Those who want to make a full day of it return to the Apes' Den and take the cable car back down into the center of Gibraltar, where they can explore some of the city attractions. A few hearty souls walk down the mountain, some of them spending as much as 2 hours doing so.
 
Once you reach the heart of town you can cover the attractions immediately below on foot.
 
Gibraltar Museum, Bomb House Lane (tel. 350-742-89; www.gib.gi/museum), is installed in a 14th-century Muslim bathhouse. The museum is close to the Roman Catholic cathedral, just off Main Street. To anyone intrigued with the history of the Rock, the exhibits are fascinating. There is a large-scale model of the Rock, showing every dwelling existing in 1865, plus the land reclamations since then. There is also a reproduction of the famous "Gibraltar woman," the ancient skull discovered in 1848 in Forbes's Quarry. Other exhibits depict the history, from prehistoric cave-dwelling days to the present. There is a mass of artifacts, cannonballs, weapons, and military uniforms. Charging £2 ($4) for admission, the museum is open Monday to Friday from 10am to 6pm and on Saturday from 10am to 2pm.
 
Convent and King's Chapel, Main Street, is the official residence of the governor, Queen Elizabeth's representative on Gibraltar. The changing of the guard takes place every Monday at 10:30am -- a ceremonial occasion with the full band and the governor and his family on the balcony to take the salute. The convent was named in 1531 when a wealthy Spaniard gave the Franciscan friars land, materials, and money to erect a convent and a chapel for the burial of himself and his family. There is no sign today of their graves. King's Chapel is open to view, but the convent, a private home, is not. There is a 1,000-year-old dragon tree standing on the grounds that you can see if you look down the hill behind the Roman Catholic cathedral.
 
Main Street, which means what it says, runs from Casemates Square, the street proceeding between old buildings and modern stores past the Main Post Office and on to the Piazza, a colonnaded entrance to a paved square where people drink, children play, and desultory business is conducted.
 
A wander among the narrow lanes and streets leading into Main Street will give you a sense of the past. You come next to the square facing the impressive Roman Catholic cathedral, a converted mosque and one of the first buildings on the Rock. Then it's on to Cathedral Square where the Anglican Cathedral faces a green garden and the harbor.
 
Just outside the town gate, where there was once a drawbridge and a moat, is the Trafalgar Cemetery, a charming garden blazing with geraniums. Tombstones commemorate many who fell in the battles of Algeciras, Trafalgar, Cádiz, and Málaga in the early years of the 19th century.
 
For a final look at Gibraltar, many visitors like to head out to Europa Point, called by many visitors "the end of Europe." Europa Point can either be a stop on your taxi tour or you can reach it from the center of Gibraltar via bus no. 3 or 1B from Line Wall Road, just off Main Street. Departures are every 15 minutes during the day and cost 70p ($1.40) one-way.
 
The most southerly point in Europe is actually Tarifa, which is in Spain and can be viewed in the distance. Europa Point was one of the two ancient Pillars of Hercules. The other so-called pillar is 23km (14 miles) across the Straits of Gibraltar in North Africa. At Europa Point is the lighthouse built in 1841 by Trinity House, the general lighthouse and pilotage authority for Great Britain, incorporated in 1514 by Henry VIII.
 
Standing by the lighthouse, you can see across the straits to the west of Ceuta to Jebel Musa (formerly Mount Abyla), the other Pillar of Hercules. Here also is Lloyd's of London's only foreign spotting station, recording every merchant ship entering or leaving the Mediterranean.
 
On Europa Road, back toward the town and east of the Rock, is the Chapel of Our Lady of Europa. This chapel is much venerated and often saluted by passing vessels. Before the lighthouse was built, the small chapel kept a light burning day and night to warn vessels of the treacherous passage. This small Catholic chapel, converted in 1462, was once a mosque. Today there is a small museum with a 1462 statue of the Madonna and some artifacts. Admission is free and the chapel can be entered Monday to Friday from 10am to 7pm.
 
Diving and Whales
The waters all around the Rock of Gibraltar are very well-recognized for their great diving. Contact Dive Charters, situated at 4 Admiral's Walk on Marina Bay, to set up for any PADI licensed diving trip. The Bay and Strait of Gibraltar will also be havens for whales, along with a led boat visit to see these magnificent animals close up is really an unforgettable experience. Contact individuals at Dolphin Discovery Cruise ships in Marina Bay to learn more.
 
Dining and Night life
La Bayuca is really a famous restaurant in Gibraltar noted for its delectable Mediterranean cuisine. Situated at 21 Turnbull's Lane, it's frequently jam-full of local people and vacationers alike, contact ahead for bookings. The Cornerhouse Restaurant Coffee shop are available at 1 Engineer Lane, and is a superb spot for lunch, featuring scrumptious sandwiches and sauces. Strings, situated at 4 Cornwall's Parade, includes a lively bar inside a quaint, comfortable setting.
 
Dining and Night life
La Bayuca is really a famous restaurant in Gibraltar noted for its delectable Mediterranean cuisine. Situated at 21 Turnbull's Lane, it's frequently jam-full of local people and vacationers alike, contact ahead for bookings. The Cornerhouse Restaurant Coffee shop are available at 1 Engineer Lane, and is a superb spot for lunch, featuring scrumptious sandwiches and sauces. Strings, situated at 4 Cornwall's Parade, includes a lively bar inside a quaint, comfortable setting.
 

If your cruise ship stay over night on Main Street, with "downtown" Gibraltar's densest concentration of shops, dies down when the shops close. After dark the scene migrates 1 block south of Main Street's western end to a parallel street known formally as Irish Town and informally as "Back Street."
Two of the best bars here are the Clipper, 78B Irish Town (tel. 350-797-91), and the Royal Oak, 59C Irish Town (tel. 350-717-08), both of which have decor dotted with engravings of clipper ships and memorabilia of the Royal Navy, foaming pints of beer, and shots of whisky. Both serve English breakfasts throughout the day and evening, jacket potatoes stuffed in ways you'd expect from a neighborhood pub in the Midlands, sandwiches, and such main courses -- priced at £6 ($12) each -- as steak and kidney pie or beef stroganoff.
 
Other recommended pubs are All's Well, Grand Casemates Square (tel. 350-729-87), known for its Bass beers and steak-and-ale pie; the Star Bar, Parliament Lane (tel. 350-759-24), said to be the oldest bar in Gib; and Lord Nelson Bar Brasserie, 10 Casemates Sq. (tel. 350-500-09), done up to represent Nelson's ship with a cloud-and-sky ceiling crossed with beams and containing a spacious terrace.
 
Gamblers can check out Ladbrokes Casino, 7 Europa Rd. (tel. 350-766-66; www.ladbrokescasino.com), which requires smart casual dress. Its cocktail bar is open daily from 7:30pm to 4am, and the gaming room is open from 9pm to 4am. Roulette, baccarat, craps, blackjack, boule, and chemin der fer are played here. A wide terrace overlooks the lights of the harbor.
 
Shopping
Shopping is really an enjoyable activity in Gibraltar, and also the vacationers will like that almost all the shops here are duty-free. However Gibraltar is not the greatest place to shop for anything other than English products.You can do much better for Llardo in Spain or other cruise ports. When shopping in Gibraltar, buyers must know the value of any items they wish to purchase. Gibraltar is a "duty-free" port, but that has nothing to do with reasonable profit, much like buying at an airport "duty-free" shop. The very best shopping is available on Primary Street, a striking pedestrian area featuring an abundance of clothing, jewelry and accessory stores. If you're looking for the much sought after Gibraltar Crystal (one of the best crystal stores in the continent), head to Casemates Square.



 
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