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Elba and it is adjoining islands figure conspicuously in history. Victor Hugo spent a part of his childhood here before becoming an adult to create The Hunchback of Notre Dame and L'ensemble des Miserables, amongst others. More importantly, the area of Montecristo, the muse for Dumas' classic The Count of Monte Cristo, is from the coast of Elba. Tourists flock here for the pleasant weather, amiable people and old worldly vibe.
 
Portoferraio is Elba's primary port town and where most site visitors spend nearly all their time. This really is unfortunate, because a lot of Elba's premier points of interest are elsewhere, particularly around the northern side from the island. A trip to Marina di Campo, Porto Azzurro, or Marciana Marina will acquaint you with a few of Elba's hidden beauty.
 
Docking & Local Transportation
Cruise ships pier in the Port of Portoferraio on Elba. There's easy accessibility relaxation from the small island in the port. 

Ferries and hydrofoils run between Portoferraio and Piombino, that is on landmass Italia. On Elba, buses connect Portoferraio to Porto Azzuro, Capoliveri, Cavo, Rio Elba, along with other metropolitan areas. Taxis can also be found, but make certain to barter your fare ahead of time. Bikes and mopeds are simple enough methods to travel round the small island. Contact TWN to rent information.
 
Local Interests
Elba acquired its fame throughout Napoleon's short exile within 1814. He accomplished a great deal during Elba, creating the island's flag and assisting to get the island's infrastructure. Elba has accepted its Napoleonic association, with a lot of tourist points of interest dedicated to him.
 
The Napoleon Museum are available at his former home, Rental property dei Mulini. One of the highlights listed here are Napoleon's personal library, some correspondence he transported on during exile, and also the flag he designed, aspects of that are still available on Elba's flag today.
 
Napoleon wasn't a guy to reside in just one house, obviously. His summer time residence, Napoleonica di San Martino has additionally been converted into a tourist attraction. The letter "N" is embroidered everywhere, but lest you believe Napoleon was vain, the majority of the memorabilia found here was placed after his dying. Napoleon's dying mask could be visited at Chisea della Misericordia, one block from Napoleonica di San Martino.
 
Whenever you tire of Napoleon, go to the Museo Archeologico. Ancient motorboats frequently met their disaster within the rough waters around Elba, and a few of their treasures happen to be excavated from the foot of the ocean for display here. The Medici Fortress, built by Cosmo d'Medici from the famous Florentine family, overlooks Portoferraio.
 
Lastly, tours could be arranged with the APT tourist office for appointments with the more compact islands that surround Elba. Alexander Dumas fans could be remiss to overlook the opportunity to go to the island of Montecristo. The little spit of the island was the muse for Dumas famous tale of Edmond Dantes' revenge because the Count of Monte Christo. Montecristo has become a wildlife refuge. A character hike around Monte Capanne works as a beautiful (although tiring) pastime.
 
Things to do
The chief place of the island, Portoferraio (10m/33ft; pop. 11,500), lies on a promontory on the west side of the entrance to a wide bay on the north coast. In the main street, Via Garibaldi, stands the Town Hall and a little way northeast, in Via Napoleone, the Misericordia church, in which a mass is said for Napoleon's soul on May fifth every year; it contains a reproduction of his coffin and a bronze cast of his death-mask. On the highest point in the town is the Piazza Napoleone, from which there are fine views. To the west rises Forte Falcone (79m/261ft), to the east, above the lighthouse, Forte Stella (48m/158ft), both originally built in 1548 and later completed by Napoleon. On the seaward side of the square is the simple Villa dei Molini, Napoleon's official residence, which contains his library.

Pinacoteca Foresiana
Near the summer residence is a building which houses the Pinacoteca Foresiana, with works by Antonio Canova ("Galatea"), Guido Reni and Salvatore Rosa.

Villa Napoleone
About 6km/4mi southwest of Portoferraio, set amid luxuriant vegetation on the slopes of the wooded Monte San Martino (370m/1,221ft), is situated the Villa Napoleone, the emperor's summer residence (fine views from terrace). Address: Villa San Martino, I-57037 Elba, Italy
 
Procchio
A road runs west from Portoferraio to the seaside resort of Procchio, in the bay of the same name, and the village of Marciana Marina (18km/11mi), another popular resort.

Monte Capanne
From here there is a cableway up Monte Capanne (1,019m/3,363ft), the island's highest peak (views).
If you take this excursion is definitely not for the faint of heart, nor for mobility-impaired guests. It involves entering a two-person metal basket that wisks you up the side of a mountain. Once there, the spectacular views make it all worthwhile -- if you don't have a coronary before you arrive.

Poggio
About 4km/2.5mi inland is the fort of Poggio (359m/1,185ft), and 4km/2.5mi west of this the village of Marciana (375m/1,238ft; ruined castle), a summer resort surrounded by centuries-old chestnut trees.

Monte Perone
From Poggio there is an attractive walk up Monte Perone (630m/2,079ft), to the southeast (1 hour).

Capoliveri
Worth visiting is the charming mining village of Capoliveri, situated on a promontory in the southeast of the island.

Rio Marina
On the east coast of the island of Elba is Rio Marina (pop. 2,500) with large open-cast iron workings.

The Baths of San Giovanni
The Baths of San Giovanni have been built over five hectares of muddy land, rich in iodine and sulphur. Once upon a time, this area was known for its salt marshes, whereas today spas and thermal treatments of all kind have taken their place. Particularly renowned at San Giovanni are the sodium chloride, iodide and bromide  treatments, very useful for curing various skin related problems.
 
Portoferraio
This is the main town and port of the Elba Island and is known to be one of the oldest towns of this region. Just before turning into a Roman colony, Portoferraio comprised mostly Greek, Ligurian and Etruscan population. The remains of a once  majestic Roman villa are visible,  just a few kilometers across Portoferraio, along the district of Le Grotte.
 
Forte Falcone and Portoferraio in Elba Island
Portoferraio as it stands today was constructed as per the will of Cosimo I Medici, who carried out a lot of fortification works during 1548. Besides, in the year 1814, it acted as a host to Napoleon Bonaparte who lived here for around 19 months. The Palazzina dei Mulini and Villa San Martino are significant evidence symbolizing his presence on this island.
 
Porto Azzurro
Picturesquely situated in a long inlet lies the little fishing port of Porto Azzurro (pop. 3,000), which was fortified by the Spaniards in the 17th century.

Marina di Campo
On the lonely south coast is the popular seaside resort of Marina di Campo, finely situated in the Golfo di Campo.
 
Bagnaia is a small, charming village, twenty minutes from Portoferraio. It is the perfect destination to enjoy the true essence, flavors and scents of the Isola d'Elba: rejoice in the beauty of a sunset at Bagnaia, sitting by the sea, sipping some local wine and  dining on delicious local produce.
 
Porto Azzurro 
Across eastern Elba lies the Spanish capital of Porto Azzurro, which has a fortress and was used as a prison. The gulf of Mola is probably its most beautiful natural scenery. Porto Azzurro is a typical, small, charming fishermen village, where time seems to have stopped; it is also quite close to the Miniature Mines park, where you can learn about the mines on Elba. You can also visit the other historical sites along this region, including the Sanctuary of Madonna del Monserrato and the Spanish Church. Porto Azzurro is one of the eight municipalities of the island, certainly one of the most beautiful. This place is famous for its typical small streets where cars do not have access. It is renowned for its local markets where you can buy souvenirs or the local ores, extracted from the mines of the island, used to create jewellery.
 
Marciana is a very old settlement of the western coast of Elba, which offers a scenic glimpse of the town and the surrounding areas with shady trees and stone streets. You can visit the Museo Archeologico to have a look at some of the Roman collections, as well as learn about prehistory on the Isola d'Elba
 
Beaches and Outside Activities
Elba is really small that practically the whole island is around the coast. You will find lots of nice beaches for lying out and swimming. The metropolitan areas of Procchio, Biodola, and Marina di Campo all feature lengthy stretches of shoreline. Chiessi's rocky coves and quiet beaches remain secluded and mostly undiscovered. Porto Azzurro is yet another city famous because of its beaches, but eating or shopping in the region could be pricey.
 
Perhaps the most popular outdoor activity on the island is taking the cable car to the top of Monte Capanne. The cable begins near the scenic mountainside village of Marciana. But many more active pursuits are available throughout the island since most of the land is part of the Tuscan Archipelgo Nature Reserve. Mountain biking, horseback riding, hiking, and 4-wheel vehicle tours into the interior are very popular with good reason. The dramatic terrain of the island is truly magical
 
Shore Excursions
Island Drive and Villa San Martino: Apart from visiting the Emperor's summer estate, this tour also takes you to Porto Azzuro, a colorful fishing harbor on the opposite side of Elba, and to Punta delle Grotte, the ruins of an ancient Roman villa.

A Taste of Southern Elba: Take a motorcoach tour of the southern regions of Elba, stopping at a wine farm to sample passiti, an island specialty, along with some light snacks. 
 
Dining & Night life
Restaurant options engulf Elba, with fine dining options in Portoferraio and surrounding areas. In Portoferraio, visit Trattoria da Lido. The gnocchi, or potato which consists of dumplings, are fantastic. Trattoria da Zucchetta is a superb stop for pizza enthusiasts. If you want to grab a fast bite to consume, visit Ristorante Residence for any salad, or stock on groceries at Conad.
 
You can find lot of restaurants serving  traditional Tuscan fare, along with all kinds of local foods, especially from Liguria and Campania. Local eateries try to combine the best of all three cuisines, and offer their customers a true slice of Elba's life and tradition. Besides, they also offer different varieties of Tuscan wine including reds, rosés and whites  made using the best quality ingredients available locally. Food on the island is simple, wholesome and authentic, centered especially on vegetables and fish. Seafood is particularly popular.

Cacciucco, a fish stew with different types of fish and shellfish cooked in wine, tomatoes and chili pepper, is one of the most popular fish dishes. Stoccafisso all'elbana is another local recipe, consisting of fresh stockfish cooked with Mediterranean spices.For dessert, try the Schiacciabriaca, an Elban traditional cake; it is made using raisins, nuts and other local ingredients.
 
In Rio Marina on Elba's eastern shoreline, there is a wonderful restaurant known as La Canocchia. The areas listed here are ravioli and sea food. The area packs up throughout peak summer time season, contact ahead making a reservation to avoid disappointment.
 
For night life, Porto Azzuro has among the finest nightclubs in Elba. Morumbi is definitely busy within the summer time with tourists. In Marciana, Club 64 is just adjacent to the beach in Procchio, with live, throbbing music everyday post sundown.
 
Shopping
Elba isn't the best spot to trap on your shopping. The shops are few in number, and also the selection isn't terribly varied. Local vino is a high seller, so be looking for Aleatico and Moscato wines, that are native to the region.
 
Too bad the gelato doesn't last, because that would be it. Otherwise, the shops along the marina are really upscale and sell maritime baubles and totes with Porto Ferraio written on them. The main export of Elba is minerals, so you can also purchase jewelry made with stones mined from Elba.



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