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There’s no disputing that Rome is among the most breathtaking metropolitan areas in the whole world. To obtain an essence of what the main city of Italia needs to offer, you'd need a minimum of two days of solid sightseeing, and you might begin to understand and appreciate Rome's world, both in the past as well as in modern occasions in all its glory. Rome is a beautiful amalgam of the charming ancient with the chic modern.
You do not need to don't forget that Rome used to be the middle of western civilization. The word, all streets result in Rome, wasn't a cliché, however a statement of fact throughout the heyday from the Roman Empire. Despite Rome's eventual fall, a lot of what began there still impacts the planet today. The skill, architecture, and codes of law still resonate today, nearly two 1000 years following the empire's fall.
Since you are focusing on a restricted time budget, this informative guide will attempt that will help you fit in most there's to determine within as short a period as you possibly can. But you might want to be resigned that you won't can view it all. You'll be awed through the sheer sanctity and enormity of Vatican City. You'll be floored through the Renaissance works of art based in the city's museums and galleries. You'll be astonished by the colossal Colosseum. And you'll be charmed through the apparently seamless mixture of that old and also the new in Rome, The Eternal City.
Docking & Local Transportation
Cruise ships pier at Autorita Portuale di Civitavecchia, Molo Vespucci, in nearby Civitavecchia. Transportation can be obtained in the port to consider you into Rome itself. This is a commercial port, and it's about a 20-minute walk into the city, although there are basic services like Internet, a deli and a small market just outside the gates of the port. The other important "service" Civitavecchia offers is a train station, about a mile outside the port, with a direct line to Rome.
From Civitavecchia: The bus trip or taxi ride to Rome takes 1.5 to 2 hours. The other option: Take the train, which leaves every half-hour from Civitavecchia (takes a little more than an hour) and lands right in the heart of Rome at Termini Station. Additionally, most cruise lines offer both a motorcoach transfer option and organized tours. If you're not a tour type, one advantage here to the cruise line motorcoach option is that if the motorcoach is late coming back, the cruise ship will wait. Taxis line up at the port, too; plan to pay about $150 each way to Rome and back.
In Rome: Rome is a great walking city; within the center area, most of the major historic attractions, shopping areas and fabulous piazzas are easy to get to on foot. However, Rome's bus system is also efficient and simple to navigate, particularly from Termini Station. The Metropolitana or Metro (marked by a big red M) is the city's subway system.
Local Interests
You will find customer information centers apparently everywhere in Rome. Two separate organizations are in the industry of assisting you get where you're going round the dizzying roads of Rome. In Stazione Termini, Rome's primary stop, you can go to either Comune di Roma or Azienda Provinciale di Turismo.
Organized tours are one method to fit something to see in Rome into a short while. Regrettably, the tours are made to focus more about breadth than depth, so you'll only obtain a thumbnail sketch of Rome's best highlights. It's easier to plan your entire day ahead so that you can increase your time effectively, investing additional time in the sights that appeal to you most.
Any trip to Rome needs to start with a vacation to Vatican City. You don't have to become Catholic to understand the astonishing architecture, cathedrals, museums, and galleries all within easy reach of one another. The Vatican City Tourist Office  is really a tremendous resource in assisting you receive began.
St. Peter's Basilica is among the more awe-inspiring sites on the planet. There's no rationalizing or diminishing the question you'll feel whenever you enter this massive edifice. Artwork from a few of the finest Renaissance artists surrounds you. The Vatican grottoes, where popes through the centuries happen to be hidden, are downstairs. Also inside may be the tomb of St. Peter. If you're who is fit, it's vital that you climb the 491 steps to the peak of Michelangelo's dome. The vista from the top dome, looking over the Vatican Gardens and also the relaxation from the city, helps make the tiring trip completely useful. Make certain you're outfitted properly, because the cathedral makes sure a rigid dress code barring shorts and skirts over the knee. You will probably sweat should you visit throughout the summer time.
After departing St. Peter's Basilica, go towards the wealthiest assortment of art on the planet, the Vatican Museums. Such as the Louvre in Paris or even the Uffizi in Florence, there's way too much to determine here, a lot to ensure that you can visit the museums every single day for any month but still not reach appreciate each piece. However, regardless of what you choose to view here, you'll be funneled perfectly into a true masterpiece, the Sistine Chapel. Photography isn't allowed within the Sistine Chapel.
Anywhere would be the remains of The Italian Capital, beginning using the still awesome Colosseum. Built starting in 72 AD, the Colosseum was the bloody theater for many epic battles between humans and animals.
An earthquake broken the Colosseum, also it was later removed of great importance and of their grandeur to assist build cathedrals along with other monuments. It's presently being restored. Think before going for a tour or leasing the audiocassette accompaniment. Just walk around inside and allow your imagination go wild. It is actually an incredible sight to behold. The relaxation of Ancient Rome's sights, including Circus Maximus and also the Imperial Forums, deserve a general glance, and never a lot more if you're short promptly.
The Pantheon is definitely an architectural masterpiece, as well as an excellent place for individuals watching, or going to the tomb of Raphael. The Piazza di Spagna is how you will find the famous The Spanish Steps.
Things to do
Don't think you cruise the short straw if you end up with an opportunity to spend the day in Civitavecchia.  The departure and arrival city for most cruises leaving from Rome, Civitavecchia is a bustling port city. While the center of Rome is easily accessible from here, if you're on limited time or haven't explored the local area before, there is enough to keep you occupied for the day or longer.
Attractions here in Civitavecchia start on arrival into the port where you can't miss the Fort Michelangelo built by Renaissance artist Bramante to protect the city and then the nearby Viale Garibaldi along the seafront, dotted with shops, bars and restaurants, is great for a leisurely walk. The historical center is quite compact and can be explored by foot. It features some historically important churches like the Cathedral of Saint Francis of Assisi and an archealogical museum. 
Just north of the city lie the ancient ruins, the Taurine (or Trajan) Baths, which now host the nearby La Ficoncella Thermal Springs where you can bathe like the Romans once did, enjoying the healing powers of the hot springs. The nearby beaches of Il Pirgo and Sant'Agostino and are only a few miles away and are easily reached by taxi or local bus. There really is something for everyone in this pretty seaside town. 
Piazza Leandra
Once you leave the port area and cross one of the main streets, Corso Marconi you will reach the medieval center of Civitavecchia. The pretty cobblestoned Piazza Leandra is the centrepiece of this old town area and features an attractive fountain and the Church of the Stella. From here it's a short climb to the entrance of old Civitavecchia which is reached by walking through the Archetto (an ancient archway).
Il Pirgo
Just a short walk from the historical center and Port area lies the "Pirgo". This beach area features an ornate pier and a beach club with umbrellas and sunbeds. The backdrop of the pretty beach area are the colored buildings of Civitavecchia and the promenade that leads to it features restaurants and bars.Especially during the summer months, the area can get quite busy but it's also a lovely spot in the off season.
AquaFelix Waterpark
Perfect for families to kickstart a cruise vacation, Aquafelix is a massive waterpark with wave and traditional pools, navigable man-made rivers, four restaurants, one mile of waterslides and plenty of parking. There's showers and changing rooms. Just off the Nord Civitavecchia exit on the A12 freeway just outside of Civitavecchia. Family friendly, with full disabled access, beat the heat and enjoy over one mile of water slides and a four full restaurants featuring local Italian cuisine. Voted on of Italy's Top 10 Waterparks. Open June - August. (0766/32221)
Cathedral of Saint Francis of Assisi
This site existed as a small church from 1610 (that had been built under the direction of Pope Paul V) but 1769 was when the cathedral came to be. Built by the Franciscans in Baroque-Neoclassical style, it remains the biggest and most beautiful church in the area. The statues of Justice and Hope stand proud here, under which, in a rich frame of golden stucco, is the fresco painting by Antonio Nessi representing Saint Francis experiencing the holy Stigmata.
Shrine to the Weeping Madonna
Since 1995, pilgrims from around the world have flocked to St Agostino in Pantano, a suburb of Civitavecchia seeking a miracle or to simply view the famed Weeping Madonna. While speculation remains to this day, this white plaster statue which was originally bought from a souvenir stall at the shrine of Our Lady at Medjugorje in Bosnia, was reported in 1995 to have wept tears of blood. It's one of the most important religious sites of the area. (0766560185)
Archeological Museum of Civitavecchia
What is now the main museum of the Civitavecchia area was once the headquarters or the papal garrison in the 18th century building that belonged to Pope Clement XIII. You can view many archeological findings from Centumcellae, (the ancient name of Civitavecchia). Some of the highlights include a beautiful statue of the Greek God of Apollo, a replica of the statue of goddess Athena and a philosophical portrait of Socrates.
Lungomare Civitavecchia
The pedestrianized seafront promenade of Civitavecchia is a bustling port and city hotspot. Featuring shops and bars, it's a short walk from where cruise ships dock or the train station. A great place for a stroll along the sea and dotted with restaurants and bars with a great seaview, makes for a nice leisurely afternoon activity. The large and famous Unconditional Surrender statue of the sailor kissing a nurse to mark the end of the second world war, towers over the promenade and is a nice touch.
La Ficoncella Thermal Baths
Lying about 4km north of Civitacechia is a thermal spring facility that will have you relaxing and bathing like the Etruscans of old. The name is derived from the Italian word for fig, fico because of a wild fig tree that lies on the hill. Containing sulphur and other natural minerals, the waters are renowned for their healing properties. There are five large pools and showers, mud bathing plus a a small coffee shop.
The Taurine Baths
Not far from the Ficoncella Thermal Springs are the Taurine Baths also know as the Trajan Baths. Dating back to Etruscans and originally known as the Aquae Taurae, they remain a well preserved archeological roman site. The site features remains of baths, pools, dressing rooms, treatment and massage rooms and meeting rooms. Be sure to look out for the best preserved feature of the entire site - a villa built by Trajan himself.
Fort Michelangelo
In order to defend the Port of Rome, Pope Julius II commissioned Renaissance architect Bramante to build the massive Forte Michelangelo. Giuliano Leno eventually completed the job in 1535 and Michelangelo also worked on the project, designing the middle tower. It was built over the ruins of ancient Roman barracks and this impressive example of 16th century military architecture remains the most imposing monument in Civitavecchia, towering over the port. (07665901)

Attractions in Rome
Having been the center of one of the world’s greatest civilizations ever, Rome has exerted a huge influence over the world in its millennium long history. With wonderful palaces, ancient churches and basilicas, grand Roman monuments, ornate statues and graceful fountains, Rome has an immensely rich historical heritage and cosmopolitan atmosphere. Our top selection of the many tourist attractions and sights of the ‘Eternal City’.
Campo de' Fiori
Campo de’ Fiori is a rectangular square south of Piazza Navona used as a marketplace during the day, and party central for college students and tourists at night. The name means “field of flowers” and was first given during the Middle Ages when the area was actually a meadow. Today the market is a lively place, especially when the daily vegetable market is held here (every morning except Sundays). Visitors can buy fresh produce at the market, as well as fish, meat, flowers and spices.
Piazza Navona
One of the most famous of Rome’s many squares, Piazza Navona was established towards the end of the 15th century, and preserves the shape of the Stadium of Domitian that once stood here. Built by Emperor Domitian in 86 AD, the stadium, which had a larger arena than the Colosseum was mainly used for festivals and sporting events. The buildings surrounding the square stand where the spectators once sat. Today, the square features no less than three magnificent fountains and is an immensely popular place to sip a cappuccino, shop, and watch street performers.
Castel Sant'Angelo
Castel Sant’Angelo began life as the mausoleum of the Emperor Hadrian, built between 135 and 139 AD. Subsequent strongholds built on top of the mausoleum were in turn incorporated into a residence and castle by medieval Popes. The building was used as a prison until 1870, but now houses a museum. Among the most well known tourist attractions in Rome, film buffs will recognize it as a setting from “Angels and Demons”.
Roman Forum
Located in the small valley between the Palatine and Capitoline Hills, The Roman Forum (or Forum Romanum in Latin) was for centuries the teeming heart of ancient Rome: the site of triumphal processions and elections, venue for public speeches, and nucleus of commercial affairs. The Forum today is a sprawling ruin of architectural fragments and includes the Arches of Septimius Severus and Titus, the Temple of Antoninus Pius and Faustina and the Temple of Saturn.
Spanish Steps
A truly monumental stairway of 135 steps, the Spanish Steps were built with French funds between 1721-1725 in order to link the Bourbon Spanish embassy to the Holy See with the French church, Trinità dei Monti. The steps are usually very crowded attracting tourists as well as locals who use it as a gathering place. Each year in May the steps are decorated with pink azaleas. At the foot of the Spanish Steps is the Piazza di Spagna (Spanish square) and the Fontana della Barcaccia, a sober fountain designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
Trevi Fountain
Completed in 1762 to a design by Nicola Salvi, this world famous Baroque fountain features a mythological sculptural composition of Neptune, god of the sea, flanked by two Tritons. The location of the Trevi fountain marks the terminus of the ancient Aqua Virgo aqueduct and is so named on account of its position at the junction of three roads (tre vie). The fountain was the setting for an iconic scene in Fellini’s film Dolce Vita starring Anita Ekberg and Marcello Mastroianni. Since than, it has become one of the most popular Rome tourist attractions. The legend says that one who throws a coin in the fountain shall one day return to Rome.
Vatican Museums
Founded by Pope Julius II in the 6th century, the Vatican Museums inside the Vatican City boasts some of the world’s most important relics. Attractions of the museums include the spiral staircase, the Raphael Rooms and the exquisitely decorated Sistine Chapel. Under the patronage of Pope Julius II, Michelangelo painted the chapel ceiling between 1508 and 1512. Today the ceiling, and especially The Last Judgment, are widely believed to be Michelangelo’s crowning achievements in painting.
One of the best preserved Roman buildings, The Pantheon was built in 126 AD as a temple for all the Roman gods. The temple has served as a Roman Catholic Church since the 7th century. The Pantheon consists of a large circular portico with three ranks of huge granite Corinthian columns. The portico opens into a rotunda which is topped with a concrete dome with a central opening: the oculus. Almost two thousand years after it was built, the Pantheon’s dome is still the largest unreinforced concrete dome in the world.
St. Peter's Basilica
The center of the Catholic world and a major tourist attraction, the Basilica of St. Peter is a huge church: with an interior height of 120m, the space shuttle, together with its booster rockets, could fit inside, as could the Statue of Liberty. The basilica stands on the traditional site where Peter, the apostle who is considered the first pope, was crucified and buried. Construction on the current building began in 1506 and was completed in 1615. Many famous artists worked on the complex and its surroundings: Michelangelo designed the dome while Bernini designed the great St. Peter’s Square.
The Colosseum is the largest and most famous amphitheater in the Roman world. Its construction was started by emperor Vespasian of the Flavian dynasty in 72 AD and was finished by his son Titus in 80 AD. The Colosseum was capable of holding some 50,000 spectators who could enter the building through no less than 80 entrances. The Colosseum today is a major tourist attraction in Rome with thousands of tourists paying to view, what is left of, the interior arena.

Dinning And Night Life
Rome is how all Italy's regional tastes and quality recipes get together. While restaurants in Florence, Naples, or Sicily focus mainly on Tuscan, Neapolitan, or Sicilian areas, Rome is really a veritable melting pot of the greatest restaurants that Italia needs to offer. Obviously, you will find lots of other dining options besides Italian food, but to explain, while in Rome, eat because the Romans eat!
Near The Italian Capital is definitely an outstanding restaurant known as Alvaro al Circo Massimo. Rare truffles highlight recption menus, with any dish certain to tickle your fancy. Vecchia Roma is yet another excellent choice within the old city, particularly if you can aquire a table outdoors. George's is yet another excellent choice. The crème brulee is extremely suggested! Close to the Pantheon, Quinzi & Gabrieli serves delectable sea food. Spaghetti with lobster is extremely suggested. District is costly; however the food and atmosphere are worthwhile. Close to the Trevi fountain, Quirino delivers some good pasta dishes at less expensive prices.
In the The spanish language Steps, Il Bacaro is really a small restaurant with large taste. In Trastevere, Alberto Ciarla's almond ocean bass dish is essential. And lastly, the Vatican City comes complete with fine restaurants, although be ready to pay more around here.
You have to save room for dessert, because Italian frozen treats, or gelato, is compulsory after each meal. Your stomach will appreciate this heavenly treat. Although you will get excellent gelato at the easiest little shop, if you are going to get it done, still do it. Il Gelato di San Crispino  close to the Trevi fountain, and Giolitti  are two very best in town.
Rome during the night is much more beautiful than Rome throughout your day. The Trevi Fountain and also the Colosseum are particularly stunning during the night, so an after-dinner stroll is certainly suggested for any visitor wanting to soak up the city post sundown. Harry's Bar is a superb spot to stay in for any drink with buddies. You will find ample nightclubs to select from. Qube and Gilda are some of the best for visitors looking to have a good time.
Shopping is large business in Rome, and when you are not careful, you'll spend over our limits time in the boutiques and never enough in the sites. You will find enough shopping options in Rome to serve you for a week, if perhaps you'd time. Rather than categorizing shops in what they offer, it works better to list out the very best roads in Rome for browsing. Around Vatican City, Via Cola di Rienzo is full of shops selling leather, jewelery, along with other souvenirs. The very best shopping district in Rome may be the space around the Spanish Steps. Via Francesco Crispi has some unusual presents, and is a lot more affordable compared to ultra-chic Via Condotti, where just the super-wealthy need apply. Via Sistina is yet another great street for souvenir predators in the region. Obviously, outdoors of each and every tourist attraction are small kiosks selling everything from small replicas from the Colosseum to Sistine Chapel posters, so you'll not lack for mementos such as these.

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