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Ushuaia is an illustrious port located at the tip of Argentina. It is strategically housed on the largest island in the Tierra del Fuego, an archipelago just south of the Argentinean expanse. The island's striking natural beauty is incomparable and lures several visitors who are on the look-out of offbeat and inexpensive South American locations. Apart from the spectacular natural landscape, Ushuaia's fascinating history is also worth discovering.
During the 19th century, the Argentine Republic, headed by the powerful Anglican missionaries, wished to capture Ushuaia to expand their base to combat the strategy of the Chilean and European expansion techniques. In 1902, Argentina set up a colony in Ushuaia and their settlements sprung up all over the southern territories in that region.
 In 1978, Ushuaia received a notable economic growth The Industrial Incentives law allowed the establishment of several manufacturing factories.  Though it may appear nondescript to the average tourist, the town features a good amount of fun activities, and idyllic scenery. The majestic Andean Cordillera Mountains offer the perfect backdrop to soak in the beauty of the region.
Docking and Local Transportation
All cruise ships moor at the Port of Ushuaia. a short walk along the pier to the Coastal Avenue (Maipu) and just a block from the main shopping street, San Martin. Visitors are well within the walking distance of Ushuaia’s city centre, and taxis are always waiting at the port to ferry customers around at reasonable rates.  Car renting options are also available.
Geting around
There are city buses within Ushuaia, but they only reach few of the tourist attractions. They are good to get to Playa Larga, for example, or from one part of the center to another, along the east / west axis. Tours / transport to the main tourist attractions can be booked through the Tourist Office (on San Martin) or through many of the hostels. Regular minibuses leave for the National Park, 

Glaciar Martial (see more information detailed below), the trailhead of Laguna Esmeralda, or other places, from a parking lot at the corner of Maipu and Fadul.

Taxis are another option, costing, for example, Ar $50 to get from the city centre to either the airport or Glaciar Martial. There are also several car / bicycle hire companies.
Things To See and Do
The Parque Nacional Tierra del Fuego is nestled to the west of the city and is a great place to go hiking and exploring. The park is home to several natural wonders, from shimmering lakes to awe-inspiring greenery. Tour companies can organize walks to the park. Private bus tours are also conducted by local businesses. The more intrepid can go horse backing and canoeing in the park.
Museo Marítimo, Yagones y Gobernador Paz [6]. Located in an old prison displays a collection of the history of Tierra del Fuego. Admission includes entry into the Presidio which is on the same site as el Museo Marítimo.
Presidio - Museum of the historical military prison of Ushuaia. One wing of the museum has been converted to an art gallery featuring the work of local artists. Museum admission 120 pesos for adults, 70 pesos for students.
Estancia Harberton - Open only in the summer months, Estancia Harberton is a worthwhile trip for those interested in the Bridges family and their role in the local history. It is located about 40 miles East of Ushuaia on the Beagle Channel.
The Museo del Fin del Mundo is a museum devoted to Tierra del Fuego and the endangered species of the area. The stuffed condor is the star attraction at this fascinating tourist spot. The best library in all of Ushuaia is located here. Look out for the intriguing pictures and chronicles relating to the prison life of El Presidio and its inmates . Highlights include the largest exhibited collection of birds from Tierra del Fuego, the figurehead of the Duchess of Albany (a sunken vessel), and library dedicated to the history and nature of Tierra del Fuego. Admission price of 90 pesos to non-local, non-Argentines (Feb 2015).
Museo Mundo Yámana,  Privately run museum with several dioramas of traditional Yaghan/Yámana life, origins and migrations, as well as displays of the period of early contact with Europeans. Located at 56 Rivadavia, near the Museo del Fin del Mundo. Admission price 35 pesos as of November 2012.
Ushuaia Prison Museum (Yagenes and San Martin Streets, walkable from the dock) Not only does the prison museum allow you to see the actual cells of the prisoners who were housed here through 1947, a couple of them have been left intact with the last of the miscreants' belongings still visible. The Pabillon 4, another area within the prison, is designated a Marine Museum and offers a history of Ushuaia's settlement from the time of its discovery.
Tierra del Fuego National Park This park straddles the border between Chile and Argentina, and is a wonderful example of eco-cooperation between nations. Glaciers, pristine lakes, incredible viewpoints, streams, rivers and mountains can be found here, within two hours of Ushuaia itself. Cruise Ships offer the park within their excursions, or you can hire a taxi in town for the journey if you want to do it individually.
Hammer Island Penguin Rookery If your journey isn't one that includes the penguin rookery at Punta Tombo, this is your best chance to see the magnificent Magellenic Penguins up close and personal. And, rather than driving over dusty and bumpy roads for a couple of hours, this trip includes sailing on small vessels or catamarans through Lapataia Bay, past Sea Wolves Island, Les Eclaireurs Lighthouse and archipelago, Bird Island and several other Beagle Channel landmarks. Most ships offer it as a shore excursion, or you can purchase the trip from the tourist kiosks at the end of the dock.
Mastil de General Belgrano - A remote area west of the city of Ushuaia on Isla Redonda, paying tribute to one of the founders of Argentina, and to the navy cruiser named after him which was sunk by the UK in the Falklands War. It was a stop on one of the televised Amazing Race contests, and features a one-person post office for sending letters from the end of the world. Accessible by boat from Playa Larga (approx Can$20).
Chances are, you will be visiting Ushuaia to explore the surrounding mountains, forests or lakes. Cruise ships typically offer several possible excursions or you can arrange something independently through a travel agency, or by simply hiring a taxi when you arrive in port.
Wishing to go trout fishing? Ushuaia is inarguably one of the best places for trout fish aficionados. Rainbow, brown, and brook trout are all spotted here, many of which are staggering huge-sized catches that are sure to impress. Fishing excursions are enjoyable, and are conducted from November through March. Several local companies conduct these excursions during the season.
Another hot Ushuaia activity is skiing. Club Andino (Fadul 50) is the local skiing body. Apart from skiing and snowboarding, visitors can also try sledging.  Ski lodges here offer everything from lessons to equipment rentals to other things required to have a fun filled skiing experience.
Shore Excursions
Tierra Mayor Trekking: Take a tour through the Tierra Mayor Valley Natural Reserve and trek along mountain paths to The Five Cascades, waterfalls tumbling from the Alvear Mountains. Dress warmly, as it gets cold during this hike, but it also gives you an opportunity to experience the beauty and natural wonders of the region. Cost: $55 - $65 USD.
Tierra del Fuego National Park: Just 10 miles outside of the city lies one of the largest natural preserves and maintained National Parks in the world, with 150,000 acres of lush natural beauty to explore. The shore excursions take you to see the highlights of the park, including Lake Roca and vista point looking into the Beagle Channel and Lapataia Bay. Tierra del Fuego National Park - This national park provide some nice day hikes on well marked trails. Longer treks are also possible, such as Paso de la Oveja (2 days) or the Sierra Valdivieso Circuit (4 days). These treks cross part of the national park but start and end elsewhere. The Compania de Guias de la Patagonia and Club Andino Ushuaia can help with organisation and renting gear. Park fee for non-locals 140 ARS (16.30 USD official rate, 10.75 USD blue rate).
Train Ride at the End of the World: Take this replica of a steam-driven "prison train" though Tierra del Fuego National Park and experience what the prisoners felt when they were transported to the region a hundred years ago. This tour also visits reconstructed camps of the original Tierra del Fuegans, the Yamanas, and concludes with a motorcoach trip through scenic areas of the national park before returning to Ushuaia. Cost: $110 - $125.
Catamaran trips - Catamaran trips will take you around the Beagle channel and give you nice views of the mountains, cormorants, sea lions and penguins.

Cerro Castor - This centre for winter sports offers skiing and snowboarding. Nearby, you can also ride snowcats or husky sleighs.
Kayak the Beagle Channel - Kayaks can be hired near the Aeroparque on the promontory jutting out from Ushuaia. -Just checked (2011) - there are no kayaks for hire anymore without the guide.

Motonave Barracuda sail -ship trips will take you around the Beagle channel and give you nice views of the mountains, cormorants, sea lions and penguins.

Ushuaia Golf Club -Located west of town just before the entrance to the National Park. Probably the southernmost golf course in the world.

Tren del Fin del Mundo --Located west of town just before the entrance to the National Park. A pleasant 45 minute train ride into the park on a narrow guage railway rebuilt on part of the roadbed of the old logging train. Starting from 290 ARS for a round trip (04/2014).

Diving - Ushuaia Divers located in the AFASIN Yacht Club. US$150 + AR$40 for 2 dives. Contact: Carlos Giuggia 15619782 [9]

Eating Out
Here, king crab rules, and you'll find it on all menus, along with other excellent seafood dishes, such as sea bass and mussels. In general, dining out is much pricier here compared to the rest of the country. A dozen cafes are on San Martín, between Godoy and Rosas, all of which offer sandwiches and quick meals. The most popular among them is Tante Sara, San Martín 137 (tel. 2901/435005), where a two-course meal of salad and ravioli or gnocchi costs $8 (£5.40). A block away, the Tante Sara Café is the place to sip coffee with locals in the afternoon. A few of the hotels in the area also have fine restaurants, including Los Cauquenes (tel. 2901/441300) and Tierra de Leyendas, Calle Sin Nombre 2387, Ushuaia (tel. 2901/443565).
La Estancia is located at Avenida San Martín, and is a nice option in the heart of the town. It is The place to go to for meats. The lamb and steaks are succulent and delectable, and the portions huge and unlimited. Café Ideal is a popular hangout with the youngsters at sundown. Ushuaia isn’t blessed with the most bustling nightlife, but this establishment offers great food, entertainment and a youthful vibe. The fresh off the sea trout preparations are great to dig into, and meticulously prepared. For live music and local band renditions, head to Café Ideal in summers.
The options are nearly limitless in this Fin del Mundo gastronomic paradise. Melt-in-your-mouth Argentine beef, meats cooked "parillo" style surrounding a stone firepit, or the region's king or spider crabs prepared simply or with an exotic flair can all be found in this little city. If a large meal is too much, there are also several coffee houses and bakery/cafes along the main street (San Martin) through the city. This is a great place to splurge: The most elaborate lunch will cost less than $20 per person, maybe $25 with an excellent bottle of Argentine or Chilean wine.
Kaupe: (Roca 470; phone: 42-2704) Located on the mountainside above the city, this family run Alpine-like restaurant is a favorite of Cruise Critic's Associate Editor Melissa Baldwin and Contributor Joyce Gleeson-Adimidas. Located high above the city with sweeping views over the channel (and your ship), the Vivian family serves steak and seafood prepared with a bit of French flair and Argentine passion.

Moustacchio: (Av. San Martin 298 phone: 42-3308) Walk past the windows of this charming restaurant with its meats grilling over the open stone fire, and you'll want to go in to dine on typical Argentine parrilla: plates covered with portions of any of the meats you choose.

BakeryTante Sara Bakery Cafe and Bar: (Av. San Martin 701, phone: 42-4579, www.cafebartantesara.com.ar) Stop in for a cup of coffee and try one of the cafe's signature Torte Fuegiuna: a gooey, chocolate-y concoction made with ingredients from this region. You can buy one packaged to take home, too.
Nocturnal activities are somewhat sedate in this city. That is not to say it is completely dead, however, and there are some good bars to help you wash down that king crab dinner with some locally brewed beer. Two to try are Dreamland, 9 de Julio and Deloqui (tel. 2901/421246), and Dublin Irish Pub, 9 de Julio 168 (tel. 2901/430744).
San Martín street and its surrounding area, mainly in the direction of the coast, is the commercial and tourist center of Ushuaia’s city. Here, where the VAT tax is not paid, the commercial offer is focused on sport and outdoor clothing, with the presence of the most important Argentine and international trademarks. It is very easy to find the equipments you may need for the snow, expeditions and/or fishing. There are also very good book stores that specialize in trekking, botany, history, anthropology, fauna, among others, and sell very interesting books (in Spanish or English). At the main street of this city of the end of the world, there are also stores offering sculped stones: the souvenirs par excellance are rhodochrosite pieces –Argentine national stone. If you are looking for handcrafts, between the months of October and March, there is a fair by the port. Besides, in Ushuaia as in any other Patagonian city, there is a varied offer of chocolates and gourmet products (wines, cheese, smoked products, preserves) for the most demanding palates. Last but not least, duty-free products –electronics, cosmetics, beverages and tobacco- are frankly irresistible.

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