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Manaus is a Brazilian city of over 1.5 million people that sits at the junction of the Rio Negro and Solimoes Rivers. These two rivers meet in Manaus and join together to form the Amazon River. Manaus is the capital city of the State of Amazonas, and is entirely surrounded by the Brazilian Amazon Rain Forest. 
Brazil is a big country, with many different landscapes; if you want to see a Brazil with huge trees, wide rivers, colorful birds, exotic food, then you should come to Manaus. Because Manaus is located in the middle of the Amazon Forest, access to the city has always been difficult. 

This isolation helped preserve both the Nature as well as the culture of Manaus. The culture of Manaus, more than in any other urban area of Brazil, preserves the habits of Indian tribes.The city is the main entrance to visit the fauna and flora of the Brazilian Amazon. Few places in the world afford such a variety of plants, trees, birds, insects, etc.
 
Manaus is an intriguing South American destination that's worth visiting for those always on the look-out for places with character. The town is nestled in throes of the lush Brazilian Amazon greenery. There’s a slim chance you’ve visited a town that is similar to Manaus. The Manao tribe named the town, which literally translates Mother from the Gods.
 
The rubber boom defined Manaus's entire character, since its origin from a rubber production and shipment town for several years. Throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries, 90 % from the world's rubber came from here. Regrettably, the resulting wealth was recognized by merely a couple of rubber barons, who used the neighborhood employees and introduced Indian slaves throughout South America. Northeast South America was overcrowded and seriously depressed economically. Several Brazilians welcomed the chance to work in Manaus. After they arrived, however, these were forced to dedicate long hours in terrible conditions for flimsy wages. This continued for several years until Asian rubber producers ended the monopoly in Manaus. Once Asian nations started to create considerable amounts of rubber, Manaus experienced an economic downturn that survived for many years.
 
Finally, in 1967, Manaus was converted into a totally free-trade zone, and ever since then the economy has truly boomed. Within two decades, the populace has burgeoned from 200,000 to 900,000. The current day city is an attractive and progressive town full of fascinating sights and adventure packed trails. The jungle might be secretive and intimidating; however the city is amiable and inviting.
 
Docking & Local Transportation
Cruise ships pier in the Porto Flutuante (floating docks), an ingenious structure that rises and falls with the greatly fluctuating river level. A stone retaining wall at the end of the bridge from the dock indicates the high water marks from 1902, when it was built. A new, high-end (and delightfully air-conditioned) shopping center, Hidroviaria International Terminal. H. Stern and other upscale retailers are well represented; there's also a bar and an Internet/phone center. But a quick exit brings passengers immediately onto the streets of the city.
 
The town begins at the docks. Check out the number and sizes of riverboats that are docked with your ship; Manaus is the market center for the entire Amazon region, and river dwellers travel up to five days to buy supplies there. Taxis is going to be waiting to consider you to definitely downtown Manaus.
For any $.50 fare, you should use the extensive Manaus bus system that runs along Avenida Floriano Peixoto and also on numerous side roads. If you like to book a vehicle during Manaus, contact Unidas Rent a Vehicle (092/652-1347) and they'll gladly help you. All of the main attractions are within walking distance of the dock.
 
Teatro Amazonas
The city's most famous building is the Teatro Amazonas (opened 1896, now protected as a national monument) - an Italian Renaissance building in the heart of the primeval forest. Its 700 seats are covered in red velvet, the doorways are of Italian marble and the staircase of English wrought-iron. The theatre has 198 chandeliers, including 32 of Murano glass. The curtain depicts the junction of the Rio Negro and the Solimões to form the Amazon.
 
The dome was originally faced with 36,000 tiles imported from Germany at the beginning of the 20th century.The theatre was restored between 1988 and 1990.This theater has diverse ambiances combining unique materials and styles, transforming it into a highly eclectic space. It's without a doubt the city's most important building, due to its priceless architectural value as well as its historic importance; it's considered living proof of the prosperity and richness of the region during the famous rubber boom. Today, Teatro Amazonas features shows by the city's dance company, Coral and the Amazonas Philharmonic Orchestra. This theater is the venue for many regional, Brazilian and international shows, with a capacity for up to 700 people.
 
Italian architecture at the Manaus Opera house completed in 1896 at a total cost of over two million dollars, the Manaus Opera House was built at the height of the Brazilian rubber boom. Wealthy rubber barons constructed opulent palatial homes, hosted elaborate parties and attended opera and ballet shows, living in much the same way as their counterparts in Europe. Italian architects and painters were duly commissioned, and virtually all of the materials used to build the theatre were imported from Europe, including Italian Carrara marble and French tiles.
 
The streets surrounding the Opera House were constructed with a special blend of rubber, sand and clay in order to dampen the noise of late arriving carriages, so as not to interrupt the voices of Europe’s best sopranos. Today the Manaus Opera House hosts regular music and theatre performances from around the world. The Festival Amazonas de Ópera is held here annually April-June, while the Amazonas Film Festival takes places in November. Visitors can see the theatre interior during the day as part of a guided tour.
 
The Meeting of Waters (Encontro das aguas), the mysterious place where the waters of two different-colored rivers meet to form the great Amazon. Served by many tour operators, but also entirely reachable independently by public transportation. One can take a public bus to Ceasa port, located outside Manaus (for example, there are buses departing from the giant station near Mercado Municipal), then a public ferry Ceasa-Careiro, which will slowly pass over the meeting of waters. (It is also possible to take an express boat, but it doesn't provide a good view.)
 
 
Alfandega (Customs House)
One of the oldest buildings in the city, the Alfandega was inaugurated in 1906; this beautiful architectural gem was recognized as National Historic Heritage in 1987. Its eclectic style combines elements from the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, built with pre-made bricks imported all the way over from England.

The Encontro das Aguas
("Meeting of the Waters") is an amazing site where the dark waters of the Rio Negro meet the sandy-colored waters of the Amazon River, whose upper section is commonly known as Rio Solimoes. Both rivers run right alongside each other without ever mixing for 3.7 to 11 miles (depending on the season), creating a truly unforgettable sight. This unique reaction is caused by the difference in temperature, density and speed of the two rivers.
 
Chamine Art Center
This building once housed the city's water treatment plant. With neo-renaissance characteristics, it has an 80-foot chimney topped with an iron cupola, giving the building its name, Chamine, meaning "chimney". Today, it serves as a cultural center, featuring a variety of diverse spaces for theater, musical shows, art workshops, art expos, cinema and seminars.

Palacio Rio Negro Cultural Center
This stunning building originally served as the home of famous rubber merchant Waldemar Scholtz. The Palacio Rio Negro was inaugurated at the end of the nineteenth century, popularly known as Palacete Scholtz. It was recognized as state heritage in 1980, 
and today it hosts many art expos, shows, plays and other cultural activities.

Nossa Senhora da Conceicao Cathedral
Also known as the Igreja Matriz (Parent Church), this was the first church built after the founding of Manaus in 1695, constructed by Carmelite missionaries. With simple and rustic design, it was set on elevated terrain near the city's Port area, but in 1850 the church was completely destroyed after a fire. The current building is Greek-inspired, and most of the material used for its reconstruction was imported from Europe. In 1877, the church was recognized as a cathedral, the first important architectural project in Manaus. With views of the Rio Negro, the Nossa Senhora da Conceicao Cathedral impresses visitors with its solemn beauty and beautiful staircases.

Bosque da Ciencia
Located at the headquarters for INPA (Amazonian National Investigation Institute), this is an immense area filled with Amazonian plants and wildlife. The Bosque da Ciencia (Science Forest) is a great attraction for visitors who want to get in touch with nature and learn more about indigenous animals. You can also walk along educational paths and learn about the "Peixe-Boi" project for Amazonian manatees, or explore the wood house, the Inajas area (a type of palm), the bee condo, the elevated path, the Amazonian Lake, the Cayman crocodile habitat and much, much more.

Adolfo Ducke Botanical Garden
Explore the abundant world of Amazonian botanical species at Adolpho Ducke. This garden offers a wide variety of fascinating attractions for both Brazilian and international tourists, including guided tours along the paths, environmental education, a botanical library, expos, events and seminars.

Ponta Negra Beach
Ponta Negra Beach is located just eight miles from Manaus and is one of the city's most popular tourist attractions, offering a wide variety of things to do: swimming, running, volleyball games, footvolley (beach volleyball played with feet and other parts of the body, no hands), skating, walking or simply relaxing and admiring the beautiful natural surroundings. Today, it's one of the most modern tourist areas in Manaus.

Igapos
This is one of the most exotic natural attractions that the state of Amazonas has to offer, available from April through September (subject to seasonal changes). The unique experience of passing through the stunning indigenous Amazonian vegetation known as "igapo" on board a canoe is a simple mixture of beauty and mystery. Explore tangled jungle surroundings in the extravagant and enchanting environment during an impressive tour.

Boi Manaus Festival
Travelers visiting Manaus in the month of October can experience the amazing "Boi Manaus", a huge party sponsored by the city in honor of October 24, the anniversary of the day Manaus was declared a city. Singers lead varied groups identified by their "tururis" (special tee shirts) sold at accessible prices, guaranteeing access to the reserved parade area. The outer stands, with a capacity for more than 40,000 people, are for those who weren't able to buy their "tururi".

Parque do Mindu
Parque do Mindu (Mindu Park) was created in 1992 as an area of ecological interest. The spot where it's located is one of the last reserves for the "sauim-de-coleira" (pied tamarin), a primate species on the brink of extinction that only lives in the Manaus region. Parque do Mindu has a library, 600-person amphitheater, medicinal and aromatic herb gardens, and an orchid farm.

Porto de Manaus
The floating Porto de Manaus (Port of Manaus) was built and planned by the English. It's a fascinating feat of engineering, designed to move with the Rio Negro's high and low tides.
 
Mercado Municipal. n/n Rua dos Barés, +55 92 3234-8441. Every day, 8AM-10PM. The city's main market is modeled after the Les Halles market in Paris.
Natural Science Museum (Museu de Ciencias Naturais da Amazônia). n/n Estrada Belem , Colonia Cachoeria Grande. Few locals visit this museum, know about it, or would even want to, considering that it's basically critters they'd find (almost) in their backyard. For visitors, though, it's a chance to see a live pirarucu and other fauna (mostly preserved) of the region. The museum was constructed single-handedly by a Japanese entomologist (specializing in butterflies) with his own money and resources. It's out of the way and about half an hour by taxi. The nearby INPA is a preserve and research center with birds and other wildlife.
 
Rio Negro Palace. 1546 Av. 7 de Setembro , +55 92 3232-4450. Call for information on attractions. The Rio Negro Palace was built by German farmers in the "golden age". Nowadays it's a cultural center and theater. It's one of the city's postcards. Prices vary.
 
Paricatuba Waterfall is on the right bank of the Negro River, along a small tributary, is formed by sedimentary rocks, surrounded by abundant vegetation. Access is by boat. The best time to visit is from August to February.
 
Love Cascade is in the Guedes bayou, with cold and crystal clear water, is accessible only by boat and, then, hiking through the Forest.
 
The National Park of Jaú The Park is situated in the lowland plateau in the Western Amazon and North of Amazon state, it is one of the largest National Park in Brazil and in Latin America. It is 2,272,000 hectares in size and 1,250 km of perimeter. It was created on 24th September 1980. It is of paramount importance in ecological terms for its high endemism and richness of its wild flora and fauna. Part of the Park area constitutes of varzea denominated as Pluvial Lowland .Terra firme (formlands)is divided in two: 1. large flat tops separated by shallow valleys occupying the largest area, and 2. small hills on a higher level. There are small areas which are flattened by sand sediments in the Park central part. Open Forest is predominant throughout represented by either Tidal Flat Open Palm Forest especially in varzeas (wet lands) alongside Jau and Carabinani rivers, or Tidal Flat Canopy Dense Forests. In the tidal flat areas, frequently flooded, alongside the Carabinani and Jau rivers there are a great number of palm trees such as paxiúbas (Iriarte spp), cabbage palm (Euterpe oleraceae) and Jauaria (Astrocaryon spp). In older tidal areas, rarely flooded, the predominant palms are miriti and carana (Mauritia spp). Many other tree species are found in the Park area, some of them with commercial value such as Brazilnut tree (Bertholletia excelsa) and sucupira (Bowdichia virgilioides) and others.
 
The Alfândega Customs House, erected in 1902 by the British, is nestled at Rua Marquês p Santa Cruz. The tax department of South america has become situated within the Customs House, and also the detailed late 20th century architecture causes it to be a fascinating site. Situated right alongside a floating pier close to the river, Alfândega is a superb historic location.
 
The Museu do Índio is situated at Rua Duque p Caxias and consists of several priceless artefacts. The museum tracks the fascinating good reputation for the neighbourhood Indians. Crafts, weapons, ceramics, and ritual masks are displayed. The museum is maintained through the Salesian Siblings, Catholic nuns who've eight missions situated through the Amazon . com.
 
The Praça da Saudade is the hub of most tourist activities in town, and a good option to visit to obtain a true feeling of the culture from the region. Local people congregate here every day, and there's always some kind of activity being planned. A theme park is fun for your loved ones, and also the amphitheatre may be the site of numerous concerts and occasions.

Palácio Rio Negro -- This beautiful colonial-period mansion was built in the early twentieth century by German rubber baron Waldemar Scholz. Scholz’s Amazonian dream came to an end with the collapse of the rubber boom, and his residence was soon acquired by the state. The building thereafter became the seat of the government and served as the governor’s residence for a number of years. Today, the Palácio, with its lovely varnished wooden floors, functions as a cultural centre and museum with displays of beautiful period furniture.

Custom House The Alfândega (Custom House) was imported from Britain in prefabricated form and erected in Mamaus in 1902. Both are protected as national monuments.
 
Market Hall The Mercado Municipal (Municipal Market), also protected as a national monument, stands on the bank of the Rio Negro, between the Floating Quay and the Igarapé dos Educandos. With its iron framework, made in Gustave Eiffel's Paris workshop, and stained glass windows it is modeled on the old Halles in Paris.
Cathedral
 
Palácio Rio Negro The handsome Palácio Rio Negro, once the residence of a German rubber merchant named Waldemar Scholtz, is now the seat of the State Government of Amazonas.
 
Reservatório de Mocó  (Cotton Store: mocó is a species of cotton prized for its silky fibers) was the work of British builders (1899).
 
Museum of the Indian The Museu do Indio has a collection of over 3000 objects illustrating the culture and way of life of Indian tribes which live, or lived, on the upper course of the Rio Negro. Here too Indian craft products are on sale; they may also be bought in the FUNAI shop opposite the Amazonas Hotel.
Address: Rua Duque de Caxias 296, Brazil
 
Museu do Homem do Norte The Museu do Homem do Norte (Museum of Man of the North), an ethnographic museum of northern Brazil has extensive collections of material on regional culture and folk traditions and a specialized bookshop. There are also rooms devoted to the display and sale of local craft products.
 
Manaus Zoo, 13km/8mi from the city on the Estrada da Ponta Grande, contains 300 animals of the Amazon region.
 
Beaches
The river beaches round Manaus should be visited between July and November, when the water level is low. The best known are the Praia da Ponta Negra (18km/11mi from the city on the Rio Negro) and the Praia do Tupé (1 hour from Manaus by boat), a nature reserve.
Ponta Negra Beach it's a nice spot,and popular river beach. It has several bars and restaurants and is some distance west of the city.
Praia da Lua Beach very clean and nice river beach a few kilometers from Ponta Negra upstream the Rio Negro. Access by shared motorized canoe from Estalagem de David.
 
Eating Out
Coqueiro Verde is really a dining experience unlike any other. Situated at Rua Ramos Ferreira 1920, Coqueiro Verde doesn’t expect guests to known what they want to have, they inform them about their specialities. They just bring it to you without even letting you know. Their carne del sol, or sun-healed beef is to die for., but clearly you need to be a meat eater to savor it. It comes with delicious heaped sides, including beans, grain, salad, and farofa. All of the sides are fantastic, and when you're carried out with your meals you may also venture outdoors towards the garden and pet the owner's woolly monkey. He never bites, approximately ware told. Canto da Peixada is situated at Rua Emílio Moreira 1677 (092/234-3021) featuring the very best seafood in Manaus. Just one platter will feed two hungry vacationers; however, you may desire two platters just to obtain a taste of all things.
 
Tambaqui de Banda- Address: Av. Tancredo Neves, 9 (close to Parque do Mindu), Parque 10. This is a fish restaurante well frequented by manauaras is the opportunity to try local food made to local people and no over price for tourists. Confortable place with Ar conditioning and Wi-fi. You can order for delivery on their web page www.tambaquidebanda.com.br. Open every day for lunch at 11 a.m. and for dinner from 6 p.m. to 11 p.m. (monday to saturday). Phone nr. 55 (92) 3236-5995, e-mail contato@tambaqudebanda.com.br
Restaurante da Charufe- Address: Rua dos Angelins, 261 (atrás da Escola Maria Amélia do Espirito Santo), Cj. Kissia I. Local typical and homely prepared fish dishes, the best lebanese food in town, the famous paella in town. The renowned chef opens her restaurant at home only for lunch from Wednesdays to Fridays. Phone nr. 55 (92) 9202-0850 (Lincoln), e-mail lincolntz@hotmail.com.
Açaí e Companhia, Address: Rua Acre, 98 - Vieiralves, phone number (Phone: 55-(92) 3635-3637). Open 10AM to 12AM. Nice atmosphere. Regional dishes. Good service. Sometimes live music
Canto da Peixada, Address: Rua Emílio Moreira, 1677 - Praça 14, Phone: 55-(92) 3234-3021. Great local fish selection.
Scarola Restaurant and Pizzaria: Traditional Restaurant near the Amazon Theater open for lunch with self service buffet and dinner a la carte. Famous for their Pizza and Barbecue Grill. Delivery service available. Rua 10 de Julho, No. 739 at the corner with Av. Getulio Vargas.
Casa da Sopa, Soup buffet. Highly recommended.
For international food in Manaus, the Miako and Suzuran offer Japanese food; there’s a Korean restaurant on the “Boulevard”, superb Italian food at Gianni's, and there is a home that serves delicious Peruvian dishes downtown near Cortez Casa de Câmbio.
Peixaria Morongueta, Rua Jaith Chaves, 30 - Porto da Ceasa,  3615-3362. 11:00-23:00. Open-air seafood restaurant with a fantastic view of the Meeting of the Waters. Moderately priced, offering fresh local (i.e., Amazonian) fish and traditional Brazilian dishes. 
Habibi, (Right outside Hotel Brasil). Late afternoon and evening. Staple sandwiches in clean surroundings, with a small variety of middle eastern dishes.
 
Shopping
The Ecoshop is situated within the Amazonas Retail Center and is a great spot to find local crafts along with other products. Ecoshop (092-232-0409), in the Hidroviaria International Terminal, is the perfect place to find high-end indigenous crafts. It's a little pricey, but the unusual selection makes up for it.
 
Manaus is a free-trade zone, and the area a few blocks off the waterfront is full of electronics shops. Prices in Manaus are lower than in other cities in Brazil, but not necessarily below those available at home or through the Internet. Be informed before you buy and carry.
Manaus is a center for rain forest and river excursions, nighttime trips in the forests, and more exotic overnight and longer treks further into the wilds. The excursions are of two types -- riverboat trips and excursions based at jungle lodges. Whichever type you choose, if you do not book through your cruise line, make your arrangements before leaving home.
 
Two reputable and highly recommended vendors are Viverde (092-3248-9988) and Amazon Mystery Tours (092-3633-7844). The Secretaria de Estado da Cultura e Turismo, or Tourist Bureau (092-633-2850) can provide a listing of legally registered touring companies. In no case should passengers purchase excursions from hustlers or freelance salespeople at hotels and bars or in the markets.
 
The Museu do Índio is situated at Rua Duque Caxias while offering a fun assortment of jewellery, hats, and clothes. The Mercado Adolfo Lisboa is the largest market in Manaus. Situated at Rua do Barés 46, this sprawling outdoor market is a superb place to get some authentic local food products and original pieces of art. The main areas for vendor activity are the Mercado Adolfo Lisboa, Rua Marcilio Dias, Rua Marechal Deodoro and the streets surrounding the cathedral. All except the Mercado are outdoors along busy streets. Be prepared to bargain.




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