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Nessebur (sometimes typed "Nesebâr" or "Nessebar"), a rocky peninsula protruding from the Bulgarian coast, is among Bulgaria's most widely used tourist locations. Nessebur was settled through the Greeks like a buying and selling post, a minimum of 2500 years back. A for much of the intervening period was lived on by the Greeks, who traded here in the mainland region. Throughout the Byzantine era, striking small places of worship were built by the orthodox local population. Today, Nessebar has traces of ancient Greek remnants, sprinkled with a contemporary vibe. 
 
Following the Ottomans required control the Greek population ongoing to build these small, physical places of worship with ornate inside, symbols and wall works of art. Today the little community is recognized as a top-notch museum city which was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983. Additionally towards the places of worship, you will find the country houses built-in a distinctive style with stone on the floor and wooden second flooring stretching within the street past the fundamentals. The Historical Museum offers excellent items and symbols from various periods from the city's history.
 
It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site because of an incredible mixture of historic architecture-including Greek and Roman remains-plus some beautiful stone places of worship dating towards the early Dark Ages. The city was initially referred to as Messambria and it was colonized through the Greeks within the sixth century BC. Later, the Romans came and remained with the early many years of the very first millennium. Within the Dark Ages, the city for some time grew to become a stronghold from the Byzantine Empire, ruled from Constantinople. The 1800s saw another building boom, which one of evocative stone and wooden houses within the style referred to as Bulgarian National Revival.
 
Where You are Dock
Cruise ships pier in the passenger terminal within the older a part of Nessebur. The primary sights from the historic core, along with the most fascinating shops and art galleries, really are a 5-minute walk in the terminal. The main harbor area has taxis and buses which takes you over the causeway towards the modern section around the landmass (a 15-minute walk) in order to the encompassing beach resorts.
 
Things to see
Besides the Old Metropolitan Chapel, you will find around twelve places of worship and ruins scattered around old Nessebur. Most are greater than 1000 years of age. Greater than 60 traditional stone and wood houses in the 19th-century National Revival Period happen to be maintained and therefore are being used as private homes or housing shops, restaurants, or hotels. The word "National Revival" refers back to the duration of Bulgaria's reemergence being an independent nation following a centuries of occupation through the Ottoman Turks.
 
The biggest chapel in Nesebar may be the St. Sophia Basilica, also is among the earliest, built-in the sixth century AD and reconstructed within the ninth.  Everything remains would be the side walls and also the liturgical finish using its semi-circular apse in which the altar might have once was.  The chapel may also be referred to as Old Bishopric.
 
The most crucial chapel that consists of most of the historic and artistic features is St. Stephens (also known as the brand new Bishopric).  Your building was initially built throughout the time from the 11-thirteenth centuries, but a lot of the inside decoration comes from an array of later dates.  You will find greater than 250 wall art inside illustrating scriptural tales.  Additionally, there's impressive furniture created from wood, like the bishop's throne.
 
Most tourists capture the pictures of the Christ Pantocrator Chapel here, due to its good shape and stunning exterior brickwork.  The inside has become an industrial memorial.
 
The little St. Spass Chapel was built throughout Ottoman rule. The inside includes a more rustic feel than St. Stephan.  Its walls are engrossed in works of art from the existence of Christ and Mary. Chapel of St. Sofia (Old Metropolitan Chapel). This is actually the most impressive of Nessebur, taking visitors through chapel ruins, dating to the fifth century AD. Historians speculate it had been built on the website from the original agora-the primary square-when Nesebar would be a Greek settlement.
 
Historical Museum
The Nessebur Historical Museum was established in 1956 and gone to live in its present facility in 1994.  Though small, the gathering is impressive and includes items in the prehistoric era dating back to the twelfth century BCE, the Thracian era, the Greek colonial era, and Byzantine occasions. At right is definitely an icon of Christ in the 17th century.  Throughout the Ottoman era a college for icon artists was established in Nessebur and a few of their works are incorporated within the collection.
 
Nesebar Architectural-Historical Reserve is located in the Old Town and takes the form of an 850 m long and 350 m wide peninsula. The Old Town was declared an architectural-historical reserve of national importance by virtue of Ordinance No 243 of the Council of Ministers of 18 July 1956.
In 1983 Old Nesebar was included in the List of World Cultural Heritage Sites of UNESCO.
 
Nesebar is one of the most ancient towns in Europe, founded 3200 years ago. During Antiquity the town was called Mesembria, in the Middle Ages it was known as Mesemvria, and it was later renamed to Nesebar. Numerous archaeological finds provide evidence of the centuries-old history of Old Nesebar. Many of them can be seen at the Archaeological Museum which is located at the very beginning of the peninsula. The different museum halls provide information about the town’s existence under the control of the Thracians, the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, and the Bulgarian State.
 
Ever since it was founded, the town has always been surrounded by fortification walls, some remains of which have survived to this day. The first fortification walls were built by the Thracians in the 8th century BC. Later, in the 5th century BC, the Greek colonisers also constructed fortification facilities. After Romans conquered Mesembria, they used the fortification walls as well. The period, over which Mesemvria was under the rule of the Byzantine Empire, was characterised by a construction boom (5th century AD). The wall by the town’s gate is the best preserved example of a fortification wall from this period. During the early Byzantine period a fortification wall was built on the southwestern shore as well. It has survived until the present day.
 
After the capital of the Roman Empire moved to Constantinople and Christianity became the official religion, there was a boom of Christian temples built on the territory of Mesemvria.
 
St. Stefan Church, also known as the New Metropolia, dates back to the period 11th – 13th centuries. It has the design of a basilica with a nave and two aisles made of stone blocks and bricks. The church was decorated in 1599. More than 1000 figures in 258 compositions are painted therein. The church preserves an original-style painted iconostasis from the end of the 16th century and a fretted bishop’s throne and pulpit from the end of the 18th century. The church is not a functioning one. It was converted into a museum. It was declared an architectural-construction monument by virtue of publication in State Gazette, issue No 41 of 1964. It is located near the amphitheatre in Nesebar.
 
The unfinished 14th century Church of St. John Aliturgetus is located in close proximity to it. In 1913 the temple was severely damaged by an earthquake and is now a free access site. In 1964 it was declared an architectural-construction monument of culture of national importance.
 
The Church of Christ Pantocrator, one of the best preserved medieval temples, is situated in the centre of Old Nesebar. The temple was built in the 13th – 14th centuries and has a rectangular shape. It was declared an architectural-construction monument of culture of national importance by virtue of publication in State Gazette, issue No 41 of 1964.
 
St. Spas Temple is another church which was transformed into a museum. It was constructed in 1609 with funding provided by a wealthy citizen of Nesember. It was decorated by an unknown master in the 17th century. The tombstone of Byzantine Princess Mataisa Kantakouzene Palaiologina was kept in its floor for many years. The tombstone is now exhibited in the Archaeological Museum of Nesebar. The temple was declared an architectural-construction monument of culture of national importance by virtue of publication in State Gazette, issue No 41 of 1964.
 
If tourists take a walk around Nesebar, they can see the remains of thermal baths from the early Byzantine period. They were built in the 6th century and were used as baths until the end of the 8th century when they were reconstructed to become residential and farming buildings. The Church of St. Paraskevi is located nearby. It was built in the 13th – 14th centuries and has extremely interesting architectural design. It was declared an architectural-construction monument of culture by virtue of publication in State Gazette, issue No 41 of 1964.
 
The main church of ancient Mesemvria was called St. Sofia, just like the main temple of Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire. It is also called the Old Metropolia. The temple is 25.50 m long. It used to be mortared, its walls were painted, and its entire floor was covered with a mosaic made of small multicoloured rocks. The basilica was built at the end of the 5th and the beginning of the 6th centuries. It got its present shape at the beginning of the 9th century. It was declared an architectural-construction monument of culture of national importance by virtue of publication in State Gazette, issue No 41 of 1964.
 
The Church of St. Demetrius was discovered in 1968 during excavations which took place nearby St. Sofia Church. What survived from it are the columns that supported its dome.
 
According to some legends there used to be around 40 churches in Nesebar. Today there is information about 23 of them. Apart from the churches that have been transformed into museums, several other restored and well preserved temples can be seen in the Old Town. The Church of St. John the Baptist was constructed in the 10th century. It keeps a portrait of the church-donor that dates back to the 14th century. It was declared an architectural-construction monument of culture of national importance by virtue of publication in State Gazette, issue No 41 of 1964. Archangels Michael and Gabriel Temple has richly decorated exterior. It was declared an architectural-construction monument of culture by virtue of publication in State Gazette, issue No 41 of 1964. The remains of the Basilica of Madonna Eleusa lie on the northern shore of the peninsula. It was built in the 6th century and according to historical sources was part of a monastery complex. Nowadays the church is restored and partially preserved. It was declared an architectural-construction monument of culture by virtue of publication in State Gazette, issue No 41 of 1964.
 
Apart from the Archaeological Museum, the Ethnographic Museum of Nesebar is also located on the peninsula. Its exhibition is displayed at Moskoyani House which was built during the Bulgarian Revival Period. The house is a typical representative of the Nesebar residential architecture. It was built in 1804 and was owned by a wealthy merchant from Nesebar. The museum shows objects and items used in the everyday life and crafts of the people of Nesebar, as well as traditional local costumes.
 
Beaches
Probably the most popular beaches is appropriate outdoors the passenger terminal. Slânchev Bryag ("Sunny Beach"). Bulgaria's biggest beach resort is situated 8 km (5 mil) towards the north. Regular ferries result in the trip in around an hour. Sunny Beach was initially built throughout the Soviet era starting in 1958.  It's now the biggest resort area in Bulgaria with massive hotels and condos, water parks (Action Aquapark), wide beaches, entertainment facilities (including Bulgarian music and dancing), discos, bars and restaurants.  For individuals who're cruising to unwind who aren't thinking about historic sites, this can be a lovely beach area as lengthy when you are not searching for tranquility.
 
You will find plenty of activities for kids in the region including a couple of aqua parks, one to the west of Nessebur and yet another within the northwest region of the popular Sunny Beach. Exciting family fun activities lined up here include Paintball and Kart-Racing.
 
Eating Out
There are loads of restaurants in Nesebar, with a high proportion employing touts to encourage tourists into their premises. These are likely to be more expensive that most restaurants in Bulgaria, and not very good quality. The Tequila Bar is often recommended though.
Vegetarian Healthy Menu (Krishna Food), Liuben Karavelov Str., Nessebar New Town (at the school's entrance),  +359-887-389-031. 11:30-20:00. Marvelous, pure, delicious, cheap vegetarian food to have at the spot and to take away! recommended for a good lunch
Nessebar has a really good local Bulgarian cuisine try  Plakamoto, Zagorka is the national lager and is excellent value and tasty beer. Kamenitza is also a good beer known nationally in Bulgaria. Burgasko is the local beer but have heard rumors that the quality has declined.
 
Shopping
Almost all of Old Nesebar continues to be given to shops and art galleries selling from the mass-created tourist junk to truly valuable art, jewelry, symbols, and traditional Bulgarian crafts, including exquisite lace. The very best technique is to follow along with the small alleyways and find out what catches your skills. Mind towards the more recent a part of Nesebar to stock on toiletries and pharmaceutical drugs.



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