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A geographic and metaphoric melting point of the East and West, Istanbul may be the world's only city covering two continents. The Bosporus runs along the center, Europe lies towards the west, Asia towards the east. For pretty much 2,000 years, the ideally situated metropolis continues to be the keystone of a few of the planet’s most powerful empires, becoming the capital for the Romans, Byzantines and Ottomans. No other city in the world symbolizes the confluence of civilizations and cultures like Turkey. It is exotic, colorful, eclectic, eccentric and much more. Being surprised here regularly is no longer surprising now.
 
Within the sprawling city, the secular and also the sacred mingle -- minarets with nightclubs and dusty prayer area rugs with designer digs. The thought of Istanbul as collision between East and West discloses itself immediately, with monumental places of worship cum mosques (the Hagia Sophia), Roman ruins (the Hippodrome, where equine and chariot races were locked in Roman occasions) and unadulterated indicating consumerism (the Grand Bazaar using its 1000's of retailers).
 
Even when the these legendary points of interest are what draw a lot of its vacationers for this huge (second only in dimensions to Shanghai) town of 17 million occupants, site visitors, dutifully plodding through them, may easily miss why is this city among the world's most vibrant at this time. Progressively prosperous, Istanbul has exciting communities, trendy shops (not only the typical worldwide brands like Prada, LV  but additionally fashion designs by Turkish clothiers) along with a thriving restaurant scene that varies from classic fare to more recent, Mediterranean-implanted understanding of local standards. Its Museum of contemporary Art -- handily situated pierside, where ships pier -- is totally new while offering both rotating worldwide-minded displays and works from Turkish artists.Istanbul is progressively common as a port of embarkation (or disembarkation) for a variety of itineraries, in the Black Ocean and Eastern Mediterranean Greek Isles outings towards the migration, two times annually, of ships between Asia and Europe. You'll find as much as six ships each day docking there.
 
Where You are Docked
Cruise ships pier at in Karakoy Istanbul, that is centrally situated lower town you can go to many attractions with tour or perhaps your own you will find many taxi outdoors terminal waiting.
 
Hanging Out
You will find no facilities within the port, but simply outdoors there's an accumulation of coffee shops, bookstores, though these are typically oriented to youthful people taking pleasure in the Turkish tradition of Narjile (which my guide referred to as "hubble bubble" -- shisha in other nations). Even better, mind to the coffee shop and bar in the Museum of contemporary Art, also is within easy walking distance.
 
Making Your Way Around
By Cab: Metered taxis are all around, plus they fall into line right in the pier charge cards commonly are not recognized. Be skeptical associated with a taxi driver who does not work on the meter system.
By Tram: Additionally there is a convenient tram, situated a couple of hundred yards in the pier.
By Walking: For those who have strong legs, you can walk up certainly one of Istanbul's infamously steep hillsides towards the Beyoglu, the center from the city's shopping district. Walking between your major sites, such as the Bazaar, Blue Mosque and Hagia Sofia, can also be quite possible.
 
Also, in deference to Istanbul's beautiful mosques, places of worship and synagogues, it's wise to put on sincere attire -- lengthy pants or lengthy skirts if you wish to enter these historic sites. Gratuities are required, even at restaurants that levy taxes. (Local people inform us to organize to tip 10 % from the check and also to pay in cash otherwise the servers do not get the cash.) In taxis, just gather.
 
Grand Bazaar or Spice Bazaar very crowded and be careful for pickpocket bodybuilders. Discover interested, either disregard the hawker or firmly refuse. In the region round the Bazaar you'll find more variety, affordable prices, and much more products for that local population. Even when you aren't purchasing, the Bazaar and also the area really are a feast for the eyes. You will find also several Turkish Baths in the region. One of the leading points of interest at Topkapi Structure, situated alongside Hagia Sophia initially a summer time residence within the pre-Christian Byzantium era, is really a display of simply over-the-top gorgeous jewels, religious items, silk ceremonial robes along with a manuscript collection. (open daily, except Tuesdays, 9 a.m. to 7 p.m.)
 
Istanbul's mosques are legendary, plentiful and delightful, and each is different. The very best known is, obviously, Nowhere Mosque (or Sultan Ahmed Mosque, open daily, 24 hrs), a Turkish icon. Built-in the 17th century as Islam's mainstay worship place, the Hagia Sophia, the mosque today continues to be a middle for religious demos. The huge dome is definitely an incredible spectacle. The Imperial Pavilion, which belongs to nowhere Mosque, houses carpeting museum (Tuesday to Sunday, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.) with exhibits dating in the 16th towards the 19th centuries.
 
Try not to limit you to ultimately just that one. More compact, less tourist-track mosques, just like a pair created by Sinan (the Christopher Wrenn of Poultry), range from the charming and peaceful Sehzade Mosque (Sinan's apprenticeship project) and also the tile-covered Rustem Pasha.
 
In most cases, mosques provide mind covering jewelry for ladies to gain access to. Each one is needed to depart footwear outdoors, so put on socks. It's considered appropriate to tip the volunteer who's available to make certain each one is outfitted properly which they act professionally throughout services. A lira or two is enough.
 
Behind nowhere Mosque may be the Great Structure Variety Museum, situated into an alleyway of tourist shops, exhibits the flooring from the Bucoleon Structure from the Byzantine era. These mosaics were only discovered within the nineteen fifties and therefore are thought up to now to between 527 and 565 A.D. (Arasta Bazaar open daily, except Tuesdays, 9:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.)
 
The Hagia Sophia is among the world's finest good examples of Byzantine architecture. When a chapel, a mosque, it had been converted into a museum once the secular Turkish Republic began. The museum includes two major parts: the chapel itself and also the gallery of mosaics. (open daily, except Mondays, 9:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.)  From Port to Hagia Sophia - 4-5 km, 15-twenty minutes
 
Things to do & see
 
Aya Sofya (St. Sophia)
It's said that when the Byzantine Emperor Justinian entered his finished church for the first time in AD 536, he cried out "Glory to God that I have been judged worthy of such a work. Oh Solomon, I have outdone you!" The Aya Sofya (formerly the Hagia Sophia) was the emperor's swaggering statement to the world of the wealth and technical ability of his empire. Tradition maintained that the area surrounding the emperor's throne within the church was the official centre of the world. Through its conversion to a mosque after the Ottoman armies conquered Constantinople to its further conversion into a museum in the 20th century, the Aya Sofya has remained one of Istanbul's most cherished landmarks.
 
The present building was built within the mid-sixth century around the order of Justinian I. Upon its completion, it had been the biggest chapel on the planet and continued to be so for pretty much 1000 years. Throughout the fourth Campaign, the town was taken by Latin Christian believers and also the chapel spent half a century like a Roman Catholic house of worship. It had been retaken through the Byzantines in 1260 and continued to be a chapel before the Ottomans mastered the town. Today, we have seen the minarets which were added throughout those years. It continued to be a main mosque in Poultry until 1935 if this was transformed into an art gallery by Ataturk. Since that time, the Turks have labored to revive the truly amazing works of every era from the temple. With removing plaster, the gorgeous mosaics from the Chapel happen to be discovered. Entering the huge nave you will notice the large Apse variety (Virgin and Child) over the altar, the 50 feet iconostasis, and enormous Islamic calligraphic roundels. The dome is based on gigantic marble posts. The marble within the building is mainly eco-friendly and whitened, lending the inside having a heavy solemnity. The doorway fee is 20 Turkish Lira (01/2012). Please observe that some improperly call the building St. Sophia. It wasn't named for any Saint, but was known as Hagia (also Aya or Agios) Sophia, meaning Chapel of Holy Knowledge.
 
One of the leading points of interest at Topkapi Structure, situated alongside Hagia Sophia initially a summer time residence within the pre-Christian Byzantium era, is really a display of simply over-the-top gorgeous jewels, religious items, silk ceremonial robes along with a manuscript collection. Location: Aya Sofya Medani, Sultanahmet Official site: www.ayasofyamuzesi.gov.tr
 
Topkapi Palace (Topkapi Sarayi)
First built by Mehmet the Conqueror in the 15th century, this glorious palace beside the Bosphorus is where sultans of the Ottoman Empire ruled over their dominions up until the 19th century. The vast complex is a dazzling display of Islamic art with opulent courtyards, lined with intricate hand-painted tile-work, linking a warren of sumptuously decorated rooms, all bounded by battlement walls and tower.
 
The Topkapi Structure is made in the finish from the peninsula which was the very first location of settlement within this proper region. Once the Ottomans required charge of the region, the ruling Sultans selected this elevated place for his or her palaces. You will find 5 courtyards inside the huge compound might is much more an accumulation of structures than the usual singular structure. The foremost and fifth courtyards are actually a park that surrounds the structure itself. The second courtyard was the general public part of the structure using the parade grounds, the Imperial Council chambers, and also the entrance towards the Harem. The 3rd and forth courtyards were the Sultan's personal quarters, with private and ceremonial rooms, the Imperial Treasury (the primary Museum), and delightful gardens. The whole structure is really a stunning display of Islamic decorative arts in a multitude of styles and influences. The museum consists of incredible treasures, many jewel-encrusted in the entire Ottoman era.
 
The Turkish and Islamic Art Museum, located inside a 16th-century structure, features exhibits that are the Islamic duration of the seventh century towards the 1800's. Highlights include illuminated manuscripts, a comprehensive assortment of carpets (some from famous European masters) and tiles.
Mission Impossible film buffs should browse the Basilica Cistern, which "From Russia With Love" utilized as an very atmospheric location. Also called the "sunken structure," the cistern was previously a reservoir for that Byzantine Great Structure and goes back to around 500 A.D. A neat curiosity may be the posts that offer the cathedral-style ceiling some were obtained from pre-Christian temples. Situated mix towards the Blue Mosque walking distance 1-2 min.
 
At Istanbul's Grand Bazaar, the particular "bazaar quarter," which goes back towards the 15th century, is definitely an amazing scene. You will find greater than 4,000 stores sprawling across 60 roads, selling an amazing variety of wares, from spices or herbs and real furs to leather and area rugs. You will find even two mosques wrapped into this huge, sprawling temple of mercantile.
 
Of the many highlights here the most popular are: the Harem (where the sultan's many concubines and children would while away their days); the Second Court where you can walk through the vast Palace Kitchens and stand in awe at the dazzling interior of the Imperial Council Chamber; and the Third Court (which contained the sultan's private rooms) which displays an impressive collection of relics of the Prophet Muhammad in the Sacred Safekeeping Room, and is home to the Imperial Treasury where you're greeted with a cache of glittering gold objects and precious gems that will make your eyes water. To fully see Topkapi Palace, you'll need at least half a day. Location: Babihümayun Caddesi, Gülhane Park -- Official site: www.topkapisarayi.gov.tr

Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmet Camii)
Sultan Ahmet I's grand architectural gift to his capital was this beautiful mosque, commonly known as the Blue Mosque today. Built between 1609 and 1616, the mosque caused a furore throughout the Muslim world when it was finished as it had six minarets (the same number as the Great Mosque of Mecca). A seventh minaret was eventually gifted to Mecca to stem the dissent. The mosque gets its nickname from its interior decoration of tens of thousands of Iznik tiles. The entire spatial and colour effect of the interior make the mosque one of the finest achievements of Ottoman architecture. Location: At meydani,
Sultanahmet

Basilica Cistern (Yerebatan Sarniçi)
The Basilica Cistern is one of Istanbul's most surprising tourist attractions. This huge, palace-like underground hall, supported by 336 columns in 12 rows, once stored the imperial water supply for the Byzantine emperors. The project was begun by Constantine the Great, but finished by Emperor Justinian in the 6th century. Many of the columns used in construction were recycled from earlier classical structures so feature decorative carvings. The most famous of these are the column bases known as the Medusa stones in the northwest corner with their Medusa head carvings. A visit here is very atmospheric with the columns beautifully lit and the soft steady trickle of water all around you. Location: Yerebatan Caddesi, Sultanahmet
Official site: www.yerebatan.com
 
Hippodrome
The ancient Hippodrome was begun by Septimus Severus in AD 203 and completed by Constantine the Great in AD 330. This was the centre of Byzantine public life and the scene of splendid games and chariot races but also factional conflicts. Today there isn't much of the Hippodrome left to see except for a small section of the gallery walls on the southern side, but the At Meydani (park) that now stands on the site is home to a variety of monuments.
 
On the northwest side is a fountain, presented to the Ottoman sultan by the German Emperor William II in 1898. Then, heading southwest are three ancient monuments: a 20 m high Egyptian obelisk (from Heliopolis); the Serpent Column brought here from Delphi by Constantine; and a stone obelisk that originally was clad in gold-covered bronze plating until they were stolen by the soldiers of the 4th Crusade in 1204.
Location: At Meydani, Sultanahmet
 
Istanbul Archaeology Museum
Just a hop, skip and jump away from Topkapi Palace, this important museum complex brings together a staggering array of artifacts from Turkey and throughout the Middle East and sweeps through the vast breadth of history of this region. There are three separate sections in the complex, each of which are worthy of a visit: the Museum of the Ancient Orient; the main Archaeology Museum; and the Tiled Pavilion of Mehmet the Conqueror, which holds a staggering collection of ceramic art. As well as all the wonderful artifacts on display, don't miss the interesting Istanbul Through the Ages exhibit room in the main Archaeology Museum. Location: Gülhane Park, Sultanahmet Official site: www.istanbularkeoloji.gov.tr

Grand Bazaar (Kapali Çarsi)
Istanbul's Grand Bazaar (Turkish: Kapaliçarsi, meaning ‘Covered Bazaar’ also Büyük Çarsi, meaning ‘Grand Bazaar in Istanbul is among the biggest and earliest covered marketplaces on the planet, with 61 covered roads and also over 3,000 shops which magnetize between 250,000 and 400,000 site visitors daily. In 2014, it's listed No.1 among world's most-visited tourist points of interest with 91,250,000 annual site visitors.
 
The Grand Bazaar is among the great shopping encounters you'll have anywhere. It's also the earliest indoor retail center anywhere. The initial bazaar was built-in the mid-15th century and broadened to massive size about half a century later. Istanbul has for hundreds of years been probably the most important commercial metropolitan areas in the world due to its crossroads location. Within the Grand Bazaar you'll mainly find products that vacationers are curious about purchasing, however the variety continues to be impressive: textiles, area rugs, jewelry, food, antiques, memorabilia as well as an endless number of local crafts. The majority of the products are in your area made. Prices is generally a few settlement and also the original selling price is frequently much greater compared to going rate. In certain regions of the Bazaar hawkers will attempt to obtain your attention. Discover interested, either disregard the hawker or firmly refuse. In the region round the Bazaar you'll find more variety, affordable prices, and much more products for that local population. Even when you aren't purchasing, the Bazaar and also the area really are a feast for the eyes. You will find also several Turkish Baths in the region.
 
For many visitors sightseeing in Istanbul is as much about shopping as museums and monumental attractions, and the Grand Bazaar is where everyone comes. This massive covered market is basically the world's first shopping mall; it takes up a whole city quarter, surrounded by thick walls, between the Nure Osmaniye Mosque and Beyazit Mosque. Entrance is through one of 11 gates from where a maze of vaulted-ceiling lane-ways, lined by shops and stalls, cover the area. The various trades are still mostly segregated into particular sections, which makes browsing easier. Location: Beyazit Meydani, Beyazit -- Official site: http://www.kapalicarsi.org.tr/

Süleymaniye Mosque
Sitting high on the hill above Sultanahmet district, the Süleymaniye Mosque is one of the most recognised landmarks of Istanbul. It was built for Süleyman the Magnificent by the famed Ottoman architect Sinan between 1549 and 75. The interior, dominated by its soaring 53 m dome is notable for its harmonious proportions and unity of design. Outside in the tranquil garden area is an interesting Ottoman cemetery that is also home to the türbes (tombs) of the Sultan Süleyman and his wife Haseki Hürrem Sultan (known in the west as Roxelana). Location: Süleymaniye Caddesi, Beyazit

Spice Bazaar (Misir Çarsisi)
The Spice Bazaar is the place to get your foodie fix of lokum (Turkish delight), dried fruit, nuts, herbs and of course spice. Much of the money that helped construct it came from the taxes the Ottoman government levied on Egyptian-made products which is why it's name in Turkish (Misir Çarsisi) means "Egyptian Market". The Spice Bazaar is a prime tourist attraction and at certain times of the day gets ridiculously crowded with huge tour groups from the docked cruise ships. Try to come before 11am or after 4pm.
Location: Yenicamii Meydani, Eminönü -- http://www.misircarsisi.org/
 
Dolmabahçe Palace
The sumptuous and ornate Dolmabahçe Palace shows the clear influence of European decoration and architecture on the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century. Built by Sultan Abdul Mecid I in 1854, it replaced Topkapi Palace as the main residence of the sultans. The formal gardens are punctuated with fountains, ornamental basins and blooming flower beds while inside the sheer splendour and pomp of the Turkish Renaissance style is dazzling. The interiors mix rococo, baroque, neoclassical and ottoman elements, with mammoth crystal chandeliers, liberal use of gold, French-style furniture and dazzling ceiling frescoes.
Location: Dolmabahçe Caddesi, Besiktas -- Official site: www.millisaraylar.gov.tr
Chora Church (Kariye Müzesi)
Chora means "country" in Greek and this beautiful Church (originally called the Church of St Saviour of Chora) lies just outside old Constantinople's city walls. The first Chora Church was probably built here in the 5th century, but what you see now is the building's 6th reconstruction as it was destroyed completely in the 9th century and went through several face-lifts from the 11th to 14th centuries.
 
The church (now a museum) is rightly world-famous for its fabulously vibrant 14th century mosaics, preserved almost intact in the two narthexes and fragmentary in the nave, and the frescoes along the walls and domes. These incredible examples of Byzantine artistry cover a wide range of themes from the genealogy of Christ to the New Testament stories.
Location: Kariye Camii Sokak, Edirnekapi -- Official site: http://kariye.muze.gov.tr/

Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts (Türk ve Islam Eserleri Müzesi)
Housed in the palace of Ibrahim Pasa, who was Grand Vizier for Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent, this museum is a must-see attraction for anyone interested in Ottoman art. The carpet collection on display here is heralded by textile experts as the world's best, while there are also exquisite ceramics, calligraphy and wood carving exhibits.
Location: At Meydani Caddesi, Sultanahmet -- Official site: www.tiem.gov.tr
 
Ortakoy is really a fabulous, historic neighborhood that depends on the Bosporus. Its claim that they can fame is you will find both a synagogue along with a mosque -- the second quite elaborate -- situated within its limitations. Beyond that, it is a enjoyable spot for wandering, poking in at various antique shops and galleries, lunching in a bistro and drinking coffee at among the waterfront restaurants. Sunday is definitely an especially good day-to go due to there being a street market, where local people sell a myriad of merchandise.
Beyond Ortakoy is yet another fantastic Bosphorus neighborhood known as Bebek, also is ideal for shopping and waterfront coffee shops, bookstores.
 
Istanbul Modern includes a terrific shop that focuses totally on high-finish Turkish crafts, a coffee shop having a view to the Bosporus (when docked ships don't block the vista) along with a fantastic display from the work of Turkey's most widely known contemporary artists.
 
Have a day cruise around the Bosporus to Prince's Islands. These islands, south of Istanbul within the Ocean of Marmara, were when a haven for exiled royalty and luminaries like Leon Trotsky, who visited after being eliminated from Russia. Today they are an excellent and peaceful place to escape the hubbub of Istanbul. Points of interest include equine-attracted carriage tours, places of worship and monasteries, and quaint old mansions. You will find hotels and restaurants around the primary islands. Commuter ferries depart several occasions daily from Kabatas. You will find nine islands, though ferries only visit four.
 
A resort and health spa within the Turkish tradition, Termal continues to be famous since Roman occasions. It's situated about 24 miles southeast of Istanbul featuring a historic hamam (Turkish bath), a pool, and hotels and restaurants. Have a ocean bus from Kabatas to Yalova (a 20-minute ride, about five departures each day) along with quick taxi.
 
Beyoglu, the once fashionable same as New York's Fifth and Madison Avenues is not the trendy shopping and dining destination it was previously, but it is still the center from the city's modern existence, also it features plenty of restaurants and mid-level boutiques. Its center may be the pedestrian boulevard known as Istiklal. Make certain to go searching while you walk-through it previously, it had been an area for people from other countries, from Italians to Netherlander, plus they all built structures within the styles that belongs to them nations. Veer from the primary drag to the narrow side roads that feed in it to determine olde-style Turkish shops and merchants, varying from the button shop to some butchers. The busy Taksim Square, having a small park and numerous monuments, lies in the center from the Beyoglu neighborhood.
 
Around the fringe of Beyoglu, facing the Golden Horn, may be the Pera neighborhood, once fashionable and today going through a brand new renaissance with restaurants, antique shops and art galleries.
 
For individuals who would like more trendy shops and coffee shops, bookstores, mind just north of Taksim Square towards the neighborhood of Nisanstasi, which feels very European using its worldwide imports (varying from Lv to Marks and Spencer), high-finish Turkish boutiques and various pavement coffee shops, bookstores.
 
Other Istanbul Points of interest
The points of interest in the above list are members of probably the most fascinating and delightful World Heritage Sites anywhere. And the very first time customer with short time, these websites and also the Old City that surrounds them aren't to be skipped. However, for those who have traveled to Istanbul and have a far more extended stay planned, you will find many other interesting sites worth your time and effort.
 
The Dolmabahce Structure and Mosque, a brief drive towards the northeast from the cruise devices, was the main residence from the last Sultans where Ataturk resided throughout his last years. It's now a remarkable museum that's only accessible to become seen having a guide. It is stuffed with gold and very, as opposed to the tiles and marble from the Topkapi Structure.
 
The Maiden's Tower is definitely an islet in the center of the Bosphorus which has was there since a minimum of the Golden Chronilogical age of the Greeks. Many stories are told regarding its origin and history. One factor is for certain - on obvious days you'll have a great look at the ecu and Asian sides from the city. And you may consume a nice lunch in the coffee shop there. Port to Rumeli Fortress - 11 km, twenty minutes (you'll have a Turkish tea having a look at Bosphorus. ) The Rumeli Fortress (above right) was built by Ahmed the Conqueror just before using the town of Constantinople in 1453 and it was created to safeguard the Turks from incursions in the Black Ocean by Genovese colonists. It's now a wide open air museum.
 
Not for everybody, a Hammam (Turkish Bath) experience is one thing I wouldn't miss. You will find several excellent and historic hammams within the old city. Additionally, you will find museums, places of worship, synagogues, and entertainment venues including places to determine the Whirling Dervishes which make Istanbul probably the most exciting and vibrant metropolitan areas you'll probably ever visit.
 
Shoreline Excursions
Perfect for First-Timers: The all-day "Better of Istanbul" tour takes people to go to the city's cultural highlights. Start in the Blue Mosque and it is beautiful blue tiles and 100s of stained glass home windows before walking to Topkapi Structure to determine the gathering of art and items located within the former home of Ottoman sultans and tour the harem. After an incorporated lunch, you will get a shopping visit the Grand Bazaar, then a trip to Hagia Sophia. Shorter versions of the tour can be found (with less or different points of interest), much like highlights tours with airport terminal transfers for starting and disembarking people.
 
Perfect for Repeat Site visitors: The all-day "Ottoman Palaces and Dinner around the Bosporus" tour starts with a trip to Dolmabahce Structure for any led tour of the grand imperial residence built-in the 1800s. Next, you'll tour Beylerbeyi Structure, a summer time home with two bathing pavilions and 26 rooms. The trip concludes having a scenic cruise around the Bosporus to see much more impressive mansions, mosques and structures. A Turkish dinner is offered onboard the motorboat.
 
Perfect for Early Risers: A five-hour spectacular "Bosporus Breakfast Cruise" tour starts around the Bosporus River, past beautiful heritage palaces and forts, with scrumptious local breakfast offered onboard. After disembarking, you'll go to the Blue Mosque and also the Grand Bazaar, where you will have time for you to bargain for souvenirs and the famous Turkish carpets.  
 
Where to Eat
Turkish cuisine signifies a combination of many cultures in the diverse parts of the Ottoman Empire. Hors d'oeuvres (meze) like eggplant salad with yogurt, hummus, spiced lamb meatballs and dolmas (meat and grain folded in grape leaves) are popular. Primary courses, frequently offered with grain or perhaps a bulgur pilaf, include grilled lamb, chicken with all kinds of peppers or eggplant, and grilled seafood. For dessert, try the lokum (also called Turkish delight), a sweet gel folded in powdered sugar and combined with hazelnuts or pistachio nuts. Additionally, there are tasty baklava, layers of thin pastry full of walnuts and rained with syrup. Or try muhallebi (milk pudding).
 
Istanbul's busy harbor, referred to as Golden Horn, rings the waterfront and is a great spot for snack at outside marketplaces and food stalls. In Beyoglu try Cicek Pasaji  (Flower Passage http://www.tarihicicekpasaji.com ) tru 360 Restaurant, situated atop a structure quite properly situated at 360 Istiklal Caddesi, is really a way to escape the madding crowds.In scenic Ortakoy, the home Coffee shop is really a local chain restaurant directly on water that does not only includes a huge worldwide menu but additionally is an expert in contemporary and traditional Turkish dishes. (Additionally, it includes a hotel in Nisanstasi.)
 
In Pera, a little, roof restaurant known as X (situated inside a historic building run by the Istanbul Culture & Art Foundation) has breathtaking sights within the Golden Horn along with a Turkish menu, featuring grilled prawns with saffron and oven-roasting lamb shank, among other special treats. (Don't miss the grilled octopus with whitened cheese or even the raw artichoke salad. (Sadi Konuralp Caddesi Deniz Palas 5, Sishane)
 
Individuals to whom lunch (or dinner) is definitely an event should mind via taxi towards the Sunset Grill and Bar, which, despite its rather pedantic title, is among the city's top restaurants for local people. It's not only the magnificent view that pulls, despite the fact that the all-glass restaurant and bar, having a DJ, sits on the hilltop looking over the Bosporus. It is also had a great menu with Turkish and worldwide classics try the ocean bass covered with parchment with lemongrass and ginger root. Additionally there is a superb sushi bar. It is the type of place that invites you to definitely linger. (Kuruçesme Mh., Yol Sk No:2 open Monday to Saturday from noon to three p.m. and each day from 7 p.m. to night time)
 
Shopping
Be Careful for In Istanbul's bazaars and lots of tourist shops, retailers can be very brazenly and irritatingly persistent. When looking for area rugs, realize that it's customary for that seller to provide consumers glasses of tea. It's considered politeness to simply accept, specifically if you are truly shopping (instead of browsing delicately).
 
If you intend to buy area rug in Turkey either hanmade wool or silk!...Everyone has heard a story, or seen an exposé, on someone being ripped off on a rug purchase. They were sold an “antique”…when it wasn’t. Or they were sold a silk rug…when it was actually viscose or mercerized cotton.
 
It’s an industry that is similar to the “carpet cleaning” industry in that it’s a small percentage of unethical bad apples that ruins the reputation of the group at large. And just as not every cleaner is a bait-and-switch operation, neither is every rug dealer a bait-and-switch retailer. There are great retailers selling great textiles out there.
 
So if you are looking to buy a rug, and truly are starting from ground zero and are nervous about it, here are some guidelines that I hope will help you feel like a more confident consumer. he best fiber for rugs is by far wool. It is the strongest, most vibrant, and most resilient fiber to be walking on. A low quality wool rug will outlast the best synthetic fiber (nylon, acrylic, polyester, olefin) all day long. Plus wool is fantastic at hiding dust and soil, so it also looks cleaners and better longer than other fibers. If you want cheap rugs to put on the floor, you are going to be buying synthetic fibers. The trade off is they are not as nice looking, and they “ugly” faster because they do not hide soil as well as natural fibers do so you will be cleaning them more often.
 
First pick the right store!.... Hereke carpets one of the best Turkish Carpet region when you chose Turkish carpet. Do not rush when you purchase a carpet and take your time. some tips or questions to ask when you buy carpet!...
Is dyes of carpet made natural (organic) colors from vegetable roots or synthetic?
These can be natural or synthetic dyes. It’s tough to “test” dye stability in a store. You can take a close look at the back and look for any visible dye migration already there as many rugs have been chemically washed  before going to market. You can also take a handkerchief and get it damp to test for any “easy” migration. Ideally, if you can take the rug out on consignment, you can do a proper dye test. If the transfer in the “test” is very slight (just a hue of color), then this is a strong dye, especially if the test was done with hot water. Some rugs are “colored” after they are woven. One popular treatment is “tea wash” over-dyeing. This is similar to a wash-in dye for your hair. It gives you color that washes out over time. You often see a sign of this treatment on the fringe, that instead of being white it’s beige.Sometimes tea wash treatments are used to hide past damage or flaws, especially past dye bleeding or stains, so carefully inspect the back of the rug to look for any flaws.
 
is carpet hand made or machine made?
Is carpet made with single nuts or double this will give you the volume and how much material used on product
Check also the pattern of carpet
 How does the wool feel? Is it smooth but strong? (Brush over it with your thumb to see if it is brittle or sheds.)
- How do the dyes look? Are they vivid? Is there a big difference in the colors from the front to the back (sun fade may be a sign of inferior dyes)? Do the colors test as colorfast?
- How is the shape of the rug? No rugs are perfectly rectangular, but make sure the rug does not have any glaring weaving flaws that are causing buckling.
- How does the rug look when you walk around to both ends? Every rug has a “light” and “dark” direction, so take a look from all angles to truly get the richness of its look.
- How does the back of the rug look? Do you see any flaws in the weaving tension that are creating creases? Do you see any areas of discoloration or past dye bleed? Are the sides or ends unraveling?
- How old is the retailer telling you the rug is? Take a photo so you can research the rug’s origin on-line, or take the rug out on approval so you can hire an appraiser to verify the rug if it is being sold to you as an “antique” if the price is significant and to verify you are buying an investment grade rug.
Is carpet produced Pakistan, India or in Turkey? Becouse it is labor coast!. You may not get honest answer for this question
Look or ask the certificate of the carpet in the back.
Good carpet seller will give you choices and ask you questions based on your room interior colors type of floors or the furniture. Rugs are like real estate, and the prices are based on location, quality, age, and how badly others want it too.
When someone is traveling and asks me what to spend what I tell them is if the rug is wool, and they look at the back and see that it IS indeed woven, then if the price is $10 per sq. ft. – buy it.
A woven wool rug, even if it is not high quality, will be worth at least $10 per square foot. You will either be getting a fair price on new merchandise if the quality is “average” and a great price if the quality is great.
Without seeing the rug, it’s hard to give a blanket price, but you are always safe at that $10 mark.





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