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Stockholm is a city in the flush of its second youth. In the last 10 years Sweden's capital has emerged from its cold, Nordic shadow to take the stage as a truly international city. The streets are flowing with a young and confident population keen to drink in everything the city has to offer. The glittering feeling of optimism, success, and living in the "here and now" is rampant in Stockholm. Of course, not everyone is looking to live so much in the present; luckily, Stockholm also has plenty of history. Stockholm boasts a glorious medieval Old Town, grand palaces, ancient churches, sturdy edifices, public parks, and 19th-century museums-its history is soaked into the very fabric of its airy boulevards, built as a public display of the city's trading glory.
Where You're Docked
Two cruise ports serve the city, though the one at Gamla Stan -- reserved for smaller ships -- is far more convenient for shore excursions. The site for larger ships, Frihamnen, is about a 15-minute cab ride (or step aboard Buses No. 1 or 76) from the heart of downtown.
Hanging Around
If your ship docks at Frihamnen, leave ASAP. Except for the contemporary art museum Magasin 3, in a converted warehouse, this bland industrial area has no attractions for tourists. The port is used most often as a terminus for ferries crossing the Baltic Sea. While there is a souvenir shop and free Wi-Fi in the cruise ship terminal, there is no Internet cafe nor ATM; however, the ferry terminal, about a five-minute walk from the cruise terminal, does have an ATM machine. To reach a more charming part of Stockholm, grab a cab just a few yards from your ship or, slightly farther on, board buses near Magasin 3.
If your vessel docks at Gamla Stan, you will find museums, the 600-room Royal Palace, cafes, trinket shops, ATMs and banks, all just minutes' walk from the dock.
Getting Around
You can explore Stockholm by electric trolleys (called tram), buses, ferries, the subway and on foot. The city is very walkable, with many of the prime tourist destinations within a couple of miles of one another. Taxis do accept credit cards, which is a plus because cabs can be costly; for example, a ride from Frihamnen to the city center -- near the main train station and central subway hub -- will cost about $25.
Remember, though, that you can use your Stockholm Card on public transport. Just step aboard the bus or tram, and show it to the driver.
Another option is to buy a ticket for the daily hop-on/hop-off bus. Tickets are good for 24 hours and come with a map noting various attractions and their bus stops; you can leave the bus and pick it up again at any of its stops. City Sightseeing offers both a bus-only and bus/boat option, and passengers can board the buses at Frihamnen, among other stops.
Finally, environmentally friendly Stockholm has a municipal bike-rental program that's convenient. Buy a three-day card online, at your hotel or at the main tourist office at Vasagatan 14. Find one of several dozen automated bike racks, which operate from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m., and scan your card, which will delete credits and unlock a bike for you. Ride it where you want, for up to three hours, then return it to any of the bike racks.
North American and European flights use Stockholm's sleek Arlanda Airport. It can be reached by the Arlanda Express train in just 20 minutes (some days the train offers two-for-one fares), by the direct bus known as Flygbussarna and by cab. The train and bus arrive at the Central Train Station. Rental cars are available at the airport.
Watch Out For
Visiting Gamla Stan means you'll be treading on cobblestones. Leave the high heels and the flimsy sandals back on the ship. To save a few kronor, avoid meals in the most-touristed areas, where price inflation is common: for instance, $27 for a small plate of Swedish meatballs. On the plus side, pickpockets and petty crime are not common in Stockholm.
Don't Miss
Stockholm's top tourist spot is the island of Gamla Stan, the city's Old Town that's a fascinating step back in time. However, the area can be a victim of its own success. Summer visitors often clog the main streets, Stora Nygatan and Vasterlanggatan, and an overabundance of tourist shops selling moose-themed t-shirts and other knickknacks detract from Gamla Stan's charm. To escape the crowds, simply turn into one of the many alleyways and lesser streets between the apartment buildings. These less-busy paths mostly lead uphill to the 600-room Royal Palace. On these narrow streets, you'll find rare book dealers, small cafes that serve the residents, and small parks where locals and visitors go to relax.
Gamla Stan is also the site of the Nobel Museum, located in a 13th-century plaza. In conventional display cases, but also in movies and via a slow parade of overhead posters, this museum tells the stories of Alfred Nobel, who made his fortune by stabilizing nitroglycerin into what we call dynamite. It also addresses those who have been honored with his namesake prize in the categories of the sciences, the arts and peace. (All except the peace prize are handed out in Stockholm.) After learning about the laureates, have a staffer in the museum's small bistro show its new, but hidden, prizes: Laureates have begun signing the bottoms of the chairs when they visit the museum. Hanging above all is the chair signed by the Dalai Lama. (Open May through September, Wednesday through Monday from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m., Tuesday from 10 a.m. to 8 p.m.; October through April, Tuesday from 11 a.m. to 8 p.m., Wednesday through Sunday, 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Borshuset Stortorget, in Gamla Stan).
Less than two blocks from the Nobel Museum is the huge Royal Palace, the in-city residence of Sweden's monarchs. Tourists can stroll through the grand reception rooms, as well as museums displaying the crown jewels, armor and art. Take a spot in front of the Palace's curved, open courtyard at 11:45 a.m. each day to witness the changing of the guard at noon; the troops are preceded by a band, and sometimes the soldiers are on horseback. (Open January 2 through May 14, Tuesday through Sunday from noon to 4 p.m.; May 15 through September 16, daily from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.; September 17 through December 30, Tuesday through Sunday from noon to 4 p.m. Kungliga Husgeradskammaren).
If you want to get an elevated view of Stockholm, you have several options. You can head to the residential island of Sodermalm via a cab or the 2 or 3 buses. Walk over to Fjallgatan Street and its terrass (terrace), which offers an elevated panorama of Stockholm's sights and waterways. Or, you can buy a ticket to Skyview, two 16-passenger, glass-walled gondolas that travel up the side of the world's largest spherical building, the Ericsson Globe arena. The ride lasts about 10 minutes in each direction. (Open Monday through Friday from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m., Saturday and Sunday from 9:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. Globentorget 2).
The most-challenging option is to take the Historic Rooftop Tour, where you'll walk about 130 feet above the city, atop the former Parliament building. Up to 10 participants at a time don helmets and safety harnesses attached to a steel cable. The cable follows a 980-foot-long metal catwalk -- about a foot wide, lacks handrails and includes some stairs -- around the top of the building. For the next hour or so, the guide explains the view below and adds dollops of local history. The tour is offered several times a day, most of the year, including at twilight and during snow or rain; however, it does sell out quickly, so reserve your spot early whether you're booking independently through Upplev Mer or through a ship tour. (Birger Jarls Torg, Riddarholmen).
Do as the locals do, and step aboard sightseeing boats for a cruise through the archipelago, comprising an estimated 30,000 islands. Depending on the time of day, passengers can book a casual sit-down meal in the ship's dining room. Narration of the passing scene is in English. The cruises last from two to eight hours; if you have enough time, step off the outbound boat to stroll the hamlets on various islands, have a meal and a drink, then catch a later boat returning to Stockholm. Some cruises operate several times a day, year-round; some cease in late November and return in February. Boats leave from the downtown harbor, along Strandvagen street, berth No. 16.
City Hall (the Stadshuset) is one of Stockholm's top tourist attractions, with tours given in English and Swedish every day. Visitors come not to observe the 101-seat City Council in action but, rather, to admire the architecture and decor of the building, built in 1923 and designed as a romantic interpretation of an Italian villa. The big draws are the Blue and Golden Halls. The Blue Hall was designed to resemble the piazza of a villa; there is even a false balcony projecting from one wall and beneath it, a fountain. Every December, this vast room becomes the banquet hall for 1,300 guests celebrating the Nobel Prize honorees. (The awards are presented about a mile away.) After the banquet, dancing takes place in the spectacular Golden Hall -- its walls covered by 18-million tiny tiles of gold leaf pressed between sheets of clear glass. The walls are further decorated with heroic-size images of figures from actual history, mythology and religion.
A separate ticket is necessary if you want the view from City Hall's 322-foot-tall tower. An elevator takes you only part way up, however, and there are no viewing windows at that level. (Guided tours: June through August, daily, every 30 minutes from 9:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m.; January through May and September through December, daily at 10 and 11 a.m., noon and 2 p.m. Hantverkargatan 1).
Been There, Done That
One of Stockholm's 14 islands, Djurgarden, is both a huge park (part of the Ekoparken that stretches more than six miles) and site of some of the city's most popular attractions. The Vasa Museum is there, as well as the eclectic Spiritmuseum & Absolut Art Collection (daily, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.), with its dozens of works commissioned for the state-owned vodka company's ads. Also on Djurgarden is a small zoo of Nordic animals, formal gardens, walking/biking paths, a former royal palace, a kids' park devoted to creations by the author of Pippi Longstocking, and a coaster-crazy amusement park.
Taking up the largest space on Djurgarden is Skansen (Djurgardsslatten 49), a collection of more than 150 authentic 19th- and early-20th-century structures gathered from around Sweden. They were taken there by a man who did not want to see progress obliterate remnants of the olden days. To do justice to Skansen and the other Djurgarden attractions, give the island a full day. You can take a ferry to Djurgarden from Gamla Stan, or hop on the No. 44 bus or No. 7 tram.
If you're looking for a different take on the city tour, Stockholm has several unique and themed tours to show you the city in a new way. The Stockholm City Museum offers two-hour, English language tours that trace the haunts of the music group ABBA or Stieg Larsson's "The Girl With the Dragon Tattoo" series. You can also pick up a map with the route to tour on your own. Alternately, try a 1.5- to 2.5-hour Segway tour, offered by both Uppner Upplevelser and Daytrip Stockholm.
If you're interested in old coins, you'll find the three-story Royal Coin Cabinet, or Mint Museum, just across the street from the Royal Palace. Humans have used everything from bones to stones, metal and paper as currency, and you can see collections of coins and other items here. (Open daily 10 a.m. – 4 p.m. Slottsbacken 6).
Opened in 2010, this contemporary photography museum housed in a 1906 redbrick art nouveau building along Stockholm's waterfront spotlights edgy fine art photography and past exhibitions have included celebrity photographer Annie Leibovitz and director Anton Corbijn. Stadsgårdsleden 22, Södermalm. Admission charged.
Gröna Lund Tivoli
Smaller than Copenhagen's Tivoli or Göteborg's Liseberg, this amusement park has managed to retain much of its historical charm, while making room for some modern, hair-raising rides among the pleasure gardens, amusement arcades, and restaurants. If you're feeling especially daring, try the Power Tower. At 350 feet, it's one of Europe's tallest free-fall amusement-park rides and one of the best ways to see Stockholm, albeit for about three seconds, before you plummet. There isn't an adult who grew up in Stockholm who can't remember the annual excitement of Gröna Lund's April opening. Go and you will see why. Allmänna Gränd 9, Djurgården. Admission charged.
Kulturhuset (Culture House)
Since it opened in 1974, architect Peter Celsing's cultural center, a glass-and-stone monolith on the south side of Sergels Torg, has become a symbol of modernism in Sweden. Stockholmers are divided on the aesthetics of this building-most either love it or hate it. Here there are exhibitions for children and adults, a library, a theater, a youth center, an exhibition center, and a restaurant. Head to Café Panorama, on the top floor, to savor traditional Swedish cuisine and a great view of Sergels Torg down below. Sergels torg 3, City.
Kungliga Slottet (Royal Palace)
Designed by Nicodemus Tessin, the Royal Palace was completed in 1760 and replaced the previous palace that had burned down at the location in 1697. The four facades of the palace each have a distinct style: the west is the king's, the east the queen's, the south belongs to the nation, and the north represents royalty in general. Watch the changing of the guard in the curved terrace entrance, and view the palace's fine furnishings and Gobelin tapestries on a tour of the Representationsvän (State Apartments). To survey the crown jewels, which are no longer used in this self-consciously egalitarian country, head to the Skattkammaren (Treasury). The Livrustkammaren (Royal Armory) has an outstanding collection of weaponry, coaches, and royal regalia. Entrances to the Treasury and Armory are on the Slottsbacken side of the palace. Slottsbacken 1, Gamla Stan. Admission charged.
Once the royal kitchen garden, this is now Stockholm's smallest but most central park. It is often used to host festivals and events, but is best seen in its everyday guise: as a pleasant sanctuary from the pulse of downtown. Several neat little glass-cube cafés sell light lunches, coffee, and snacks. Kungsträdgården.
Moderna Museet (Museum of Modern Art)
The museum's excellent collection includes works by Picasso, Kandinsky, Dalí, Brancusi, and other international artists. You can also view examples of significant Swedish painters and sculptors and an extensive section on photography. The building itself is striking. Designed by the well-regarded Spanish architect Rafael Moneo, it has seemingly endless hallways of blond wood and walls of glass. Skeppsholmen, Exercisplan, City. Admission charged.
Allow at least an hour if you want to see most of the paintings and sculptures on display at this impressive museum. The emphasis is on Swedish and Nordic art, but other areas are well represented. Look especially for some fine works by Rembrandt. The print and drawing department is also impressive, with a nearly complete collection of Edouard Manet prints. Tip: From summer 2013, the Nationalmuseum will be undergoing major renovations. Many of its works will be temporararily relocated to the Royal Swedish Academy of Fine Arts at Fredsgatan 12, with different hours likely. Södra Blasieholmshamnen, City. Admission charged.
The Swedish Academy meets at Börshuset (the Stock Exchange) every year to decide the winner of the Nobel Prize for literature. The building is also the home of the Nobel Museum. Along with exhibits on creativity's many forms, the museum displays scientific models, shows films, and has a full explanation of the process of choosing prizewinners. The museum does a good job covering the controversial selections made over the years. It's a must for Nobel Prize hopefuls and others. Börshuset, Stortorget 2, Gamla Stan. Admission charged.
Operan (Opera House). Stockholm's baroque Opera House is almost more famous for its restaurants and bars than for its opera and ballet productions, but that doesn't mean an evening performance should be missed. There's not a bad seat in the house. For between just SKr 50 to 100 you can even get a listening-only seat (with no view). Still, its food and drink status can't be denied. It has been one of Stockholm's artistic and literary watering holes since the first Operakällaren restaurant opened on the site in 1787. Gustav Adolfs Torg, City.
Östermalmstorg. The market square and its neighboring streets represent old, established Stockholm. Saluhall looks more like a collection of boutiques than the indoor food market it is; the fish displays can be especially intriguing. At the other end of the square, Hedvig Eleonora Kyrka, a church with characteristically Swedish faux-marble painting throughout its wooden interior, is the site of frequent lunchtime concerts in spring and summer. Nybrog. at Humlegårdsg., Östermalm.
Rosendals Trädgården (Rosendal's Garden)
This gorgeous slice of greenery is a perfect place to spend a few hours on a late summer afternoon. When the weather's nice, people flock to the garden café, which is in one of the greenhouses, to enjoy tasty pastries and salads made from the locally grown vegetables. Pick your own flowers from the vast flower beds (paying by weight), stroll through the creative garden displays, or take away produce from the farm shop. Rosendalsterrassen 12, Djurgården.
he world's first open-air museum, Skansen was founded in 1891 by philologist and ethnographer Artur Hazelius, who is buried here. Drawing from all parts of the country, he preserved examples of traditional Swedish architecture, including farmhouses, windmills, barns, a working glassblower's hut, and churches. Not only is Skansen a delightful trip out of time in the center of a modern city, but it also provides insight into the life and culture of Sweden's various regions. In addition, the park has a zoo, carnival area, aquarium, theater, and cafés.Djurgårdsslätten 49-51, Djurgården. Admission charged.
Stadshuset (City Hall)
The architect Ragnar Östberg, one of the founders of the National Romantic movement, completed Stockholm's city hall in 1923. The headquarters of the city council, the building is functional but ornate: its immense Blå Hallen (Blue Hall) is the venue for the annual Nobel Prize dinner, Stockholm's main social event. You must take a tour to visit City Hall. You can also take a trip to the top of the 348-foot tower, most of which can be achieved by elevator, to enjoy a breathtaking panorama of the city and Riddarfjärden. Hantverkarg. 1, Kungsholmen. Admission charged.
Stockholms Stadsbiblioteket (Stockholm City Library)
The Stockholm City Library is among the most captivating buildings in town. Designed by the famous Swedish architect E.?G. Asplund and completed in 1928, the building's cylindrical, galleried main hall gives it the appearance of a large birthday cake. Inside is an excellent "information technology" center with free Internet access-and lots of books, too. Sveav. 73, Vasastan.
Stortorget (Great Square)
Here in 1520 the Danish king Christian II ordered a massacre of Swedish noblemen. The slaughter paved the way for a national revolt against foreign rule and the founding of Sweden as a sovereign state under King Gustav Vasa, who ruled from 1523 to 1560. One legend holds that if it rains heavily enough on the anniversary of the massacre, the old stones still run red. Near Kungliga Slottet, Gamla Stan.
Vasamuseet (Vasa Museum)
The warship Vasa sank 10 minutes into its maiden voyage in 1628, consigned to a watery grave until it was raised from the seabed in 1961. Its hull was preserved by the Baltic mud, free of the shipworms (really clams) that can eat through timbers. Now largely restored to her former glory (however short-lived it may have been), the man-of-war resides in a handsome museum. The sheer size of this cannon-laden hulk inspires awe and fear in equal measure. The political history of the world may have been different had she made it out of harbor. Daily tours are available year-round. Galärvarvsv. 14, Djurgården. Admission charged.
Shore Excursions
Best For First-Timers: Usually paired with one or two other sites, most every cruise line offers a tour of the City Hall, Gamla Stan and either the Royal Palace or the Nobel Museum. If you also book a canal or archipelago boat tour, you will have seen all the city highlights.
Best for Burning Some Energy: A 6.5-mile, 3-hour cycling tour in Djurgarden lets you get some fresh air while learning about this beautiful recreation area, once the private hunting grounds of the royal family. If biking isn't your thing, look for walking or kayaking tours in Haga Park or golf outings instead.
Best for Chilling Out: The three-hour "Ice Bar and Old Town" tour pairs a one-drink stop at the unusual Ice Bar -- temperature is kept at 23 degrees -- with a walking tour through Gamla Stan, where you can break away for a cafe meal. At the bar, you'll receive a warm coat and mittens to borrow to keep you toasty while you drink from a glass made of ice.
Best for a Unique View: For something completely different, book a three-hour roof tour. You'll put on safety harnesses and walk along the rooftops of Riddarholmen. The tour continues on terra firma with a tour of Gamla Stan and the Royal Palace.
There probably are three constants in Swedish meals -- lingonberries, open-faced sandwiches and pickled herring. Expect to find the tart berries, or sauce made from them, next to or on top of numerous entrees and desserts. Herring is served marinated in onions, garlic, dill and mustard, and is typically accompanied by boiled potatoes and bread. As for the sandwiches on one thick slice of bread, expect the toppings to range from herring to shrimp -- a favorite -- to game like reindeer and boar.
Swedes love baked goods, especially during their coffee breaks. A colorful favorite is the princess cake: layers of sponge cake separated by jam, custard and whipped cream, topped with icing in brilliant colors.
For more than 30 years, the Vete Katten (literally, wheat cat) has drawn Stockholmers for their daily fike -- a ritualized coffee break. Vete Katten in central Stockholm is a bakery and cafe, offering multilayer, multiflavor cakes, sweet rolls (cinnamon, vanilla, almond, fruit, etc.), small sandwiches and salads. (Kungsgatan 55. Open Monday through Friday, 7:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m.).
At the Ostermalmshallen (Food Hall) downtown, set in a vast but handsome building that opened in 1888, vendors still offer the freshest seafood, meat (including reindeer and moose), produce, cheese and chocolate. Locals also head there for its 10 restaurants and delis. (Open Monday through Thursday from 9:30 a.m. to 6 p.m., Friday from 9:30 a.m. to 7 p.m., Saturday from 9:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. Try a museum cafe when you want a bite to eat in the middle of your sightseeing. A perfect spot to relax after visiting the Vasa Museum and its multiple floors of exhibits and viewpoints is its fairly large dining room. Freshly made sandwiches, salads, yogurt, a few hot entrees and desserts are served buffet-style; you can even get beer or wine. The fare is simple, but the waterfront view, indoors and out, makes it seem special.
Speaking of dining room panoramas, you can't do better than the Operakallaren, the restaurant in the grandiose Royal Swedish Opera House. The menu is haute cuisine: foie gras, fried quail, saddle of venison. It all comes with a view of the busy harbor. (Open Tuesday through Saturday, 6 p.m. to 10 p.m. Royal Opera House, Jacobs Square 2).
Prinsen lacks such views; now in its second century, the restaurant is on a side street off a commercial boulevard. But contemporary prints, rich wood furnishings and leather chairs lend a clubby air, and its menu offers traditional Swedish fare, such as bigg rydberg (cubes of filet, onions and potatoes) or five kinds of herring, served with potatoes and cheese. (Open Monday through Friday from 11:30 a.m. to 11:30 p.m., Saturday and Sunday from 1 p.m. to 11:30 p.m. Master Samuelsgatan 4).
The island of Sodermalm was once a working-class residential area, and a few remnants of those times still remain. Among them is Pelikan, an understated restaurant that specializes in old-time Swedish cuisine and a variety of beers. This is a prime spot to taste meatballs in cream sauce (a Swedish tradition), fried herring, and potato dumplings stuffed with wild mushrooms and served with -- what else? -- lingonberries. (Open Monday through Thursday from 4 p.m. to midnight, Friday and Saturday from 1 p.m. to 1 a.m., and Sunday from 1 p.m. to midnight. Blekingegatan 40).
Shopping in Gamla Stan is fabulous. The main commercial street is Vasterlanggatan, where you'll find a lot of tourist fare and funky boutiques. But the most interesting shops -- for travelers looking for beautifully made, original crafts ranging from clothing to ceramics -- tend to be located along Osterlanggatan. Downtown, the shopping scene is primarily along Drottninggatan, which is pedestrian-only in many places. Highlights: If you're looking for Swedish-designed products, check out Svenskt Hantverk (Kungsgatan 55) and the department store NK (Hamngatan 18 - 20); both have fabulous selections of exquisite handicrafts and crystal.
For jewelry, crafts, and fine art, hit the shops that line the raised sidewalk at the start of Hornsgatan on Södermalm. Drottninggatan, Birger Jarlsgatan, Biblioteksgatan, Götgatan, and Hamngatan also offer some of the city's best shopping.

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