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The third biggest city in Poland, Gdansk can also be the main city of Poland's northern region. It manages the province of Pomorze Gdanskie, which is also called East Pomerania. It's in close association with the tiny cities that ensure that are near it, Gdynia and Sopot. Gdansk is known for its vivacious vibe, shopping, music festivals, and a generally carnival-like happy happy atmosphere.
 
This vivacious port city includes a history that goes back towards the ninth century, if this would be a small fishing village. After its incorporation in to the Hanseatic League in 1300, many Spanish people found refer to this as area, and then referred to as Danzig, their house. It wasn't re-named Gdansk until 1945. The battles of The Second World War brought to much destruction in Gdansk, but didn't ruin its spirit. Actually, in 1997 Gdansk loved constant festivals of music, displays and a lot of occasions on land and water in celebration of their 1000th anniversary like a Baltic city. The roads are restored for their original form, and lots of shops and art galleries happen to be built, keeping Gdansk prosperous, fun and enchanting.
 
Glowne Miasto, the Primary Capital of scotland- Gdansk, is stuffed with roads holding treasures in history. Explore this medieval city and every one of the culture it brings together. If you are looking at places of worship that tell the storyline of Gdansk's past, then travel north to the Old Town, Stare Miasto. Shopping is particularly good here, too. The earliest chapel, St. Catherine's, which goes back towards the twelfth century, is situated here. Certain sections were put into the chapel as time continued. The tower comes from the 1480s, and also the amazing thirty-seven alarms were set up in 1634. The biggest mill in medieval Europe is on a single stretch of land here, along with the grave from the 17th-century astronomer, Jan Hevelius. The Wielki Mtyn, (Great Mill) operated from 1350 until 1945.
 
Enjoy Gdansk and every one of the possibilities that wait for your visit. It's as lovely because it is in the past significant, and you'll have a holiday filled with reminiscences and photographs to exhibit your buddies. From shops to nightclubs, it's all here, radiant and vibrant. Walk across the docks, watching a sunset which will truly bring your breath away.
 
Where You are Dock
Most cruise ships moor at the Oliwskie Quay. Some ships can also be accommodated in other areas of the port, such as the nearby Westerplatte Ferry Terminal. The bus transfer to central Gdansk takes approximately 15 minutes. Large cruise ships dock at Francuska Pier Dworzec Morski (cruise terminal), within walking distance to the city center of Gdynia. There are limited facilities here. Some cruise lines provide shuttles to Gdynia's city center beside the main city pier.
 
Since 2011, the Port of Gdansk has also been a member of Cruise Baltic. This organisation comprises 28 ports and cities from ten countries of Europe's Baltic Sea Region, and aims at promoting the tourist attractions and the beauty of the Baltic Sea Region among cruise passengers, carriers and tour operators.
Gdansk is really a terrific walking city however, other transportation options exist. To obtain any place in the Trojmiasto, a great and reliable approach to take is as simple as bus, tram, and trolley. The buses are usually crowded, however they do run regularly, and hourly during the night. The trams mostly are for several sights, like the cathedral, shipyards and museums. Trains run every a quarter-hour to all the cities within the three regions. A great service if you plan to party during the night. They run from 4 am until 1am.
 
Local Transportation
Though the bus is cheap and convenient with a stop at the cruise terminal, it is difficult for arriving visitors to take the bus since there is nowhere to change currency at the pier. If a shuttle is not provided, your options are to walk into town or negotiate with a taxi driver at the gate.
To get to Gdansk or Sopot, you will need to take the SKM commuter train which connects the Tri-Cities. Don't confuse it with the PKP trains used for farther destinations. The nearest SKM stations are at Gdynia Stocznia or Gdynia Glowna. If walking, it's probably better to go to Glowna since it is the main station with ATMs available. Buy tickets at the SKM counter. Get off at Gdansk Glowny (walk south to reach the Golden Gate) for Gdansk or Sopot if that is your destination. Fare is around 5 zl (3.40 zl to Sopot, Dec 2011) and travel time is around 45 minutes.
If you have zlotys, you can take a bus back to save a bit of a walk. Take bus 119 or 137 or any bus with destination Dworzec Morski on Wladyslawa St heading north beside Centrum Batory mall on 10 Lutego. You will get 4 tickets for 5 zl. Validate 2 of them for an adult rider.
 
Attractions
Travel is the greatest chance to learn, and Gdansk hosts many historic sights that won't only train you relating to this unique land, but additionally fascinate the mind and spirit. An excellent spot to visit may be the Dwor Artusa. Also called the Artus Mansion, this remarkable bit of architecture required over 200 many years to complete, starting in the 15th century. It's situated behind Neptune's Fountain and received its reputation for the truly amazing King Arthur. You will find other mansions situated in this region, massive both in size and opulence. Inside these mansions are lots of treasures you'll unquestionably enjoy.
 
Gdansk has lots of museums which will feed your imagination about existence here, past and offer. Among the best museums, however, may be the Muzeum Historii Miasta Gdanska. Inside this historic museum tend to be more than five centuries of Gdansk's past, displayed in exhibits of works of art, sculptures, and weapons. Additionally, it includes a tower that gives an attractive skyline look at the town.
 
Wawel Castle
People have lived upon the site of Wawel Castle since the Paleolithic Age. The castle itself was first built in the 14th century, at the command of Polish monarch Casimir III the Great. The Gothic castle is home to the only preserved piece of the Polish Crown Jewels, the legendary sword Szczerbiec coronation sword. Decorated with symbols and floral patterns, the blade is notched to hold a small shield, giving the sword its nickname, the Jagged Sword.
 
Auschwitz-Birkenau
A visit to Auschwitz-Birkenau is a powerful experience that words can scarcely describe. The immense size of the infamous Nazi concentration camp is the first thing to strike visitors as they approach the entrance to the memorial and museum in Oswiecim, Poland. Devoted to the memory of the murders in the camps during World War II, Auschwitz-Birkenau has been visited by more than 25 million people.
 
Masurian Lakeland
Located in an area that encompasses the lower Vistula River to the Lithuania border, the Masurian Lake District contains more than 2,000 lakes connected by an extensive system of canals and rivers. The Masurian Lakeland is the most popular tourist destination of Europe’s lake districts. Hotels, guest houses and camp sites are plentiful in the villages that surround the lakes, and visitors often travel by bicycle or boat to tour the scenic area.
 
Slowinski Sand Dunes
Situated in northern Poland, the Slowinski Sand Dunes are part of the Slowinski National Park located on the coast of the Baltic Sea. The park is named after the Slovincians who once lived there, and an open-air museum in the town of Kluki features artifacts of their culture. The dunes themselves are formed as waves and wind carry sand onshore and can reach as high as 30 meters. Their forms change with the season and are known as the “moving dunes.”
 
Malbork Castle
Malbork Castle was founded in 1274 by the Teutonic Knights who used it as their headquarters to help defeat Polish enemies and rule their own northern Baltic territories. The castle was expanded several time to host the growing number of Knights until their retreat to Königsburg in 1466. Today it is the most popular tourist attraction in the city of Malbork.
 
Wieliczka Salt Mine
Located on the outskirts of Krakow, the Wieliczka Salt Mine is considered one of the oldest companies in the world. Salt has been mined from the site continuously since the 13th century. The site features an underground city, all carved out of the rock salt, including a chapel that is said to have the best acoustics of any structure in Europe. Dozens of ancient sculptures carved from salt are augmented by new sculptures from contemporary artists.
 
Bialowieza Forest
The Bialowieza Forest is a large remnant of the primeval forests that once covered much of Europe. The forest straddles the border between Poland and the Republic of Belarus, and there are border crossings for tourists on foot or on bicycles. The Bialowieza Forest is home to around 800 wisent, a protected species of European bison. While the wisent are kept within fenced areas, guided tours are available either on foot or in horse-drawn carriages.
 
Gdansk Old Town
Located on the Baltic coast, the city of Gdansk’s history includes a long occupation by 14th century Teutonic Knights whose fortresses contrasted strongly with the existing town that came to be known as Altstadt, or “Old Town.” In the 15th century, Casimir IV of Poland allowed the structures built by the Teutonic Knights to be demolished. Gdansk’s Old Town area includes many 17th century structures, including granaries, mills and churches.
 
Warsaw Old Market Place
Founded in the late 13th century, Warsaw and the city’s central marketplace were the heart of Polish culture for five centuries. The original Old Town Market Place was destroyed in World War II but was carefully reconstructed almost immediately after the war ended. The market square features a bronze sculpture of the Warsaw mermaid, the symbol of Poland’s capital.
 
Main Market Square
Dating back to the 13th century, the Main Market Square in the Old Town in Kraków is the largest medieval town square in Europe and one of the main tourist attractions in Poland. The square is surrounded by historical townhouses, historic buildings, palaces and churches. The center of the square is dominated by the Cloth Hall, rebuilt in 1555 in the Renaissance style, topped by a beautiful attic.
 
Do Not Miss
Situated some 4.9 miles (7.9 kilometers) from Gdansk’s main cruise ship quay, the Grodzisko Fort (also known as Gdansk Fortress) keeps an eye on the charming Old Town from the Gradowa Hill. The construction of the fortifications started in the 17th century. Street address: 3 Maja 9
Not far from where most cruise ships tie up in Gdansk is the Wisloujscie Fortress. From the fortress, it was (and still is) possible to keep an eye on the ships entering and leaving the port. Street address: Stara Twierdza 1
In direct proximity to the fortress is Gdansk’s Main Town Hall, Miasta Gdanska. Built in the early 1300s, this Gothic-Renaissance building once was the city’s main municipal building. Nowadays, exhibitions presenting the city’s history are held in the Town Hall. Street address: Stara Twierdza 1
The Dluga Street and the Dlugi Targ Street. Generally considered some of the most beautiful streets in Gdansk, these streets are flanked by interesting houses built by some of the wealthiest noblemen that have called the city their home. The two streets are also known as Gdansk’s “Royal Route.”
The Oliwa Park is a must for anyone with an interest in gardening. Dating back to the 18th century, the park contains plant specimen originating from almost all over the world. The Gdansk Zoo, one of the biggest zoological gardens in Poland, is found nearby. Street address (Zoological garden): ul. Karwienska 3
The Gothic Cathedral in Oliwa. Built in the 13th century, the cathedral features one of the most famous rococo organs in the world. Street address: ul. Cystersów 10
 
Museums
Gdansk offers several museums, covering many different areas. A city that lays claim to being the world’s capital of amber (petrified resin from coniferous trees) of course has to have its own Amber Museum. One aspect of the exhibition is the importance of amber to Gdansk, where the first guild of amber craftsmen was established in 1477. Street address: ul. Dluga 46/47 The Tower Clock Museum has on display a collection of tower clock mechanisms. The setting is suitable: the tower of Saint Catherine’s Church, dating back to the 12th century. Street address: Profesorska 3
 
Shore Excursions
Shore excursions in and around Gdansk include:
 
Malbork Castle, Europe’s largest Gothic fortress, traces its origins to the early 14th century. Sometimes referred to as “the largest heap of bricks north of the Alps,” it is situated some 38 miles (61 kilometers) southeast of Gdansk.
Touring Gdansk’s Old Town, with the many buildings that reflect the city’s rich cultural heritage. Some tours will also include the old port and the historic Long Wharf. Another available option is Roads To Freedom, an exhibit that provides an insight into Poland’s struggle for freedom in the 1970s and 1980s.
Sampling Sopot. Often referred to as the summer capital of Poland, Sopot features long and sandy beaches.
The Kashubian Lake District. Situated west of Gdansk, the Lake District is recognized for its rich nature as well as for its culture and traditions
 
Dining
While going to Gdansk, you certainly won't starve yourself. You will find lots of fine restaurants to mesmerize the flavor buds. One beautiful and scrumptious example is Pod Lososiem. District is really a 1598 Old Town Motel. Seafood may be the niche and highly recommended, though you could not fail with the options around the menu, like the duck or pheasant. The climate is extremely warm and welcoming. Enormous chandeliers, dark and antique furniture abound, and works of art that portray the Gdansk of sometime ago liven up the walls. If you are looking at meals by having an amazing look at the forest, then make a booking at Tawerna. They serve Polish and German cuisine and possess great fresh seafood.
 
Night life and Entertainment
Gdansk had not been considered to be too wild during the night; however you will find lots of discos and nightclubs popping up everywhere. Many are even open until 6 AM, if you're able to be on the lookout that lengthy. If you want the calm and awesome atmosphere, however, take a look at Bar Vinifera. It is extremely a romantic and exclusive wine bar that serves not just wine, however a whole listing of other drinks, too! Want lights and action? Then stick to the lights from the home windows owed towards the nightclub, U Szkota. This two-story party is distinctively decorated with colorful tartans along with a very Highland appearance. A stylish spot to visit that provides a really quiet atmosphere may be the Café Sopot. A basic bar most abundant in amazing sights from the beaches may be the Grand Hotel Bar. Possess a drink and capture probably the most dramatic sunset here.
 
Shopping
Gdansk has a lot of little shops in addition to malls with stores you cannot find elsewhere on the planet. An excellent place to look at is Antyk. Here you'll find works of art, porcelain, plus some original souvenirs you will need to collect along with you. One other good store for unusual gifts may be the Sopocki dom Aukcyjny. They've everything from stamps and coins to chandeliers and works of art. Does jewelry make you go wobbly in the knees? Take a look at Jubiler. They've the finest choice of silver jewellery in Gdansk.

For centuries, the center of the Baltic amber trade was Gdansk, and it's still the place to get amber accessories and other amber crafts. You'll find no shortage of amber dealers in town. The biggest concentration is on the main street of Duga and along the prettier but just as crowded Mariacka. While the majority of the dealers are reputable, amber fakes abound, so it's caveat emptor. The Amber Museum is a good place to learn how to detect the real McCoy. If you haven't time for the museum, Bernstein  (Dugi Targ 22/23; tel. 58/305-15-97; www.bernstein-ninard.com), a third-generation jeweler, can give you a quick demo on recognizing the genuine article. (Note: Real amber floats in salt water, while the fakes simply sink.) Galeria S&A (Mariacka 36; tel. 58/305-22-80; www.s-a.pl) is one of three shops on Mariacka Street with a certification from Societas Svccinorvm in Polonia (the International Amber Association). It also has an outlet on the ground floor of the Amber Museum.
 
Another 100% Gdansk take-away is Goldwasser vodka. While the sweetish taste is not everyone's glass of tipple, who could pass up flakes of gold in their cocktail? You can buy a gift box at the Goldwasser restaurant. Kashubian folk art (Kashubian is an ethnic minority group) in the form of embroidered linen is also a unique regional gift. You'll find them on Mariacka Street or at Galeria Sztuki Kaszubskiej (Sw. Ducha 48; tel. 503/005-978; www.gskart.pl). Benedicte (Garbary 5; tel. 58/305-69-03; www.benedicite.pl) is good for tea, honey, and fruit preserves made by Benedictine monks in Poland and other Central European countries. Hala Targowa  (Plac Dominkanski 1; tel. 58/346-31-33; www.halatargowa.pl) is a traditional fresh produce and household goods market frequented by locals. From Monday to Saturday starting at 9am, you can pick up seasonal fruits, cheese, sausages, and pierogi for picnics.
 
Get "Stoned"
 
After a tour of the Amber Museum, you'll know amber is not just for dressing up, but did you know that you could drink it, too? Steeping fruits, nuts, and spices in vodka to make nalewka is a very homey Polish pastime. But even for nalewka-savvy Poles, immersing amber granules in vodka comes as a novelty. Don't go dunking your funky pendants into alcohol; you need the unpolished pebbles, which you can find in stalls along the Motawa Canal or Mariacka Street. Brama Mariacka (Mariacka 25/26; tel. 668/163-303) sells them in packets or bottles at 7 z. Add 50g (1 3/4 oz.) of amber into 0.5L (17 oz.) of pure vodka and leave in a dark place for 10 days for the resin to dissolve. It's reportedly good as a rub on temples to alleviate headaches. Or add to tea as a warmer on chilly days.





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