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Peucang island located in the area Pandeglang district, Banten province, Indonesia, and is part of the Ujung Kulon National Park which has been named as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1991. With an area of 450 hectares, soft white shores and turquoise-colored water can be a place to relieve your fatigue, a true Untouched Natural Haven.
Nestled within the Ujung Kulon National Park by the Panaitan Strait in the Pandeglang Regency,  Peucang Island is truly a secluded paradise  located at the most western edge of Java Island. Surrounded by a soft white sandy beach, clear blue waters, and enchanting coral reefs,  Peucang promises serenity for whoever steps on its sands.
 
The Ujung Kulon National Park was created by the Dutch in the late 1800's as a preserve for the Javanese White Rhino. Located only a few hours from Jakarta, the amount of wildlife found in this park today is hard to fathom. But the waters surrounding this isolated reserve add yet another perspective to anyone's dive experience.
 
Located in the province of Banten, the island of  Peucang covers a total area of around 450 hectares, and is home to a variety of species of wild animals such as monkeys, hornbills, monitor lizards, wild boars, toucans, sea hawks, and more. The most notable of these is the barking deer that are found abundantly around the island. These indigenous dwellers of the island are also what have given the island its name,  since “Peucang” in the local Sunda language stands for barking deer.
 
The population of wild life in Peucang Island is well preserved due to the lack of predators here. The geographical profile of Peucang Island can be described as lowland with vast primary vegetation consisting of a mix of diverse aged trees and grassland with thick shrubberies. This unique feature is the reason why Peucang Island is considered a haven for its wildlife.The habitat of Python, hornbill, type of monkey where Crocodile and Rhino are occasionally sight in this area. The charm of this river lies in its tranquil, primeval beauty, back to the boat than continue (cruising) to Peucang island,
 
Like  most of the of the Ujung Kulon National Park area, Peucang Island was also severely battered by the historical eruption of Mount Krakatau in 1883. Almost no flora and fauna survived the calamity of the eruption and the tsunami that followed. However, one particular tree did survive and still lives to this very day in the forest of Peucang Island. The tree which is classified as a Fig Tree (Ficus sp) is called  the “Kiara” Tree and is estimated to be over 1 century old.
 
This spectacular tree has an amazing diameter equal to a circle made by over 30 adult humans. The Kiara Tree is also commonly known as “Strangling Tree” since it absorbs its resources from a host tree as if slowly “strangling” the host tree until it eventually dies. The fruits from the Kiara tree are consumed and carried by primates and birds who later drop the remnants on the branches of the host tree. Over time the seeds of the Kiara tree would grow on these branches as well as itsroots which would continue to grow downwards until they reach the soil. The roots will continue to grow until the host tree dies and  is replaced completely by the Kiara Tree.
 
Below the surface of its clear waters, the enchanting coral gardens with their diverse sea creatures are a perfect venue for snorkeling by the beach or diving at the various dive spots. Among some of the dwellers of Peucang Island underwater realm are butterfly fish, angel fish, clown fish, cockatoo fish, and a whole lot more. The most favorite spot for diving is at Karangcopong at the western end of the island. However, diving here can only be undertaken by experienced professional divers since it has strong currents due to its location near the Indian Ocean.
 
The island also features a tropical forest which is great for trekking and observing wildlife. When  evening nears, the beach presents spellbinding scenery and mesmerizing colorful ambience of the sun setting on the horizon.
 
Peucang Island serves as base camp and staging point for those who wish to explore deeper into the Ujung Kulon National Park.  It is for this reason, that on this small island you will find accommodation and supporting facilities
 
Ujung Kulon National Park is located at the western-most tip of Java, within Banten province of Indonesia. It includes the volcanic island group of Krakatoa and other islands including Panaitan, as well as smaller offshore islets such as Handeuleum and Peucang on the Sunda Strait. Ujung Kulon is the last refuge of the critically endangered Javan Rhinoceros and in 2011, 35 rhinoceros have been identified. The park also protects 57 rare species of plant. The 35 species of mammal include Banteng, Silvery Gibbon, Javan Lutung, Crab-eating Macaque, Leopard, Java Mouse-deer and Rusa Deer. There are also 72 species of reptiles and amphibians, and 240 species of birds.
 
Things To See and Do
The island with all its marvels above and below the surface offers a wide range of activities including: Trekking, boating, canoeing, wildlife observation, diving, snorkeling, surfing, camping, and more.
The unique and delightful island of Peucang lies in cleasr blu waters off the north western coastline of Ujung Kulon Peninsula. Itswhite sand beaches and coral reff shores hold a fascinating world of marine life while Peucang’s impressive forest shelters an abundance of wildlife, some of which graze and play around the lodges. Opposite Peucang Island across a 800 meters cannel is the Ujng Kulon Peninsula with a wide variety of attractions.
 
Swimming and Snorkeling
Peucang Island’s beach is superb for swimming and shallow snorkeling reefs are also found all along the shore, for deeper snorkeling there are coral reefs to the east, midway between the island and mainland. Scuba diving areas are also found to the west and at several other locations off Peucang Island.
 
Karang Copong Walk
This pleasant walk north on peucang Island passes through towering forest to a rock archway beyond which are the reef pools of Karang Copong. The trail leads to the top of a bluff overlooking the reef from where spectacular tropical sunset can be seen. From this point an alternative trail return to the lodges.
 
Citerjun Teracces Trip
Located to the north esast on the mainland peninsula is calcified terraces and stalactites created by the waters the citerjun. These are remnants of the once spectacular formations recorded by early mariners that were destroyed by Krakatau tidal waves of 1883.
 
Cidaon Grazing Ground Trips
situated on Peninsula opposite Pucang Island, this large grassland with an observation tower is grazing ground for banteng, pigs, monkey, peafowl and on very rate occasions Java Rinoceros. Early morning or evening are the best times to visit.
 
Ciujung River Trip
Just to the east of Cidaon the waters of the Ciujungkulon form a canoe able route through overhanging nypa a swampland.
 
Cibunar Walk
From Cidaon the trail south through magnificent rain forest, crosses a low saddle, join the river Cibunar the continues to clearing and rock ramps on the south coast. just western ward are the cibunar river mouth and the park guard post. Monkey, bantemg, pigs and the track of rhino are often seen on this trail and it provides a excellent profile of the park’s vegetation.
 
Tanjung Layar
there are two ways of reaching Tanjung Layar. From those choosing the shorter walk. the boat travels 3 km west to Peninsula shore a Cibom. At Cibom are remains of a proposed naval port that was begun in 1808 and than abandoned because of hardships and political un heavily, and nearby shelter contains information about they region. The trail followers the coastline west passing the currecnt lighthouse. from this tower are spectacular views of the rugged headlands’ and island below( permission must be obtained from lighthouse staff to enter the property and to clip the lighthouse tower. The route continues to the ruins of early building from where a stairway climbs 40 m bluff to Tanjung Layar Historical Site where two previous lighthouses and staff quarters were constructed in 1800's.
 
Tanjung Layar (Via Cidaon)
The longer walk to Tanjung Layar involves a short boat ride to Cidaon river opposite Peucang Island. The trail follows the shores westward through coastal rain forest to Cibom and continues along the coast to the historical site.
 
Walk and Trip
Alter taking a boat to Cibom the direct route to Ciramea travel thought the forest to a shelters at the south and follow the shore through rocky inletts and coastal forest to the northern end af ciramea bEech. Either of these routes can be used for a return trip.






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