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Nagasaki is a small, hilly, cruise port city on the west coast of Kyushu.Nagasaki was founded in 607 A.D. Nagasaki's population is about 420,000. Historically, Nagasaki was Japan's window on the rest of the world, and pleasantly reflects that foreign influence even today, especially in its Dutch and Chinese architecture. Nagasaki is also famous as the having been the second target of the atomic bomb in World War 2, when the city was attacked at 11.02am on August 9, 1945.Nagasaki is easy to navigate on foot and by streetcar. Nagasaki's entertainment area is called Shianbashi with the main shopping area of the city located in Hamanomachi.
 
Famous sights in Nagasaki include its Chinatown, Glover Garden and Dejima Island. Nagasaki is only 90 minutes away from one of Japan's best theme parks, Huis Ten Bosch. Nagasaki Lantern Festival is a cultural highlight. The accidental arrival of the off-course Portuguese ship in 1543 was the start of Nagasaki's longtime role as Japan's "Door towards the West." The missionary St. Francis Xavier visited briefly, and there have been a considerable quantity of converts throughout the time referred to as "Christian Century." Eventually japan government bodies perceived the growing influence of Christianity to become a threat, resulting in the banning from the religion. The Catholic The spanish language and Portuguese were eliminated in support of the Dutch, who have been felt to become interested in trade than religion. All connection with people from other countries was forbidden, with no Japanese were permitted to visit abroad.
 
The only real exception was the carefully viewed Dutch enclave of Dejima. Through this small outpost a trickle of Western thought and science ongoing to filter in to the country, and Nagasaki grew to become an essential scientific and artistic center. Once the city was again opened up towards the West in 1859, Nagasaki was rapidly reestablished like a thriving industrial center, particularly in shipbuilding, the that managed to get an excellent target in The Second World War.
 
On August 9, 1945 the 2nd atomic explosive device was dropped around the Mitsubishi Arms Works (the intended target was the shipyard), eliminating another from the city and killing 75,000 immediately. Today it's difficult to think of the bombing ever happened modern Nagasaki is among Japan's most attractive metropolitan areas. It's also the place to find the earth's biggest shipbuilding facility along with a thriving fishing industry.
 
To this point west Japanese town of 450,000, situated on Kyushu Island, has probably the most complex histories associated with a in Japan due to the first European influence that led to both good and bad reactions through the once-insular Japanese. The first contacts between Nagasaki and also the West happened in 1543, once the Portuguese showed up, presenting japan to guns and Catholicism. Next came the Spanish, then the Dutch. When Western religion found be seen as an threat, the folks of Nagasaki eliminated the missionaries, and, in a single famous incident in 1597, killed some 24 European and Japanese Christian believers. The Dutch, being Protestants -- and, more to the point, traders -- were permitted to retain a foothold around the nearby island of Dejima, despite foreign contact was banned altogether.
 
Progressively, japan started to wrest charge of these industries in the Western ex-patriots. And, it had been Nagasaki's smartly important shipbuilding industry that made the town a target in The Second World War. On August 9, 1945, the People in america dropped a plutonium A-explosive device around the city, 72 hours following the one at Hiroshima.
 
Present day vacationers will discover a completely reconstructed city. Although a lot of arrived at begin to see the Atomic Explosive device Museum, the town has a lot more to provide, including remains of European influence in Glover Garden, two Catholic places of worship, shrines and temples covering the slopes along with a thriving and walkable Japanese city center that's near to in which the ships pier.
 
Nagasaki is very a beautiful city, focused on an ordinary between your active harbor along with a backdrop of mountain tops. Where industry doesn't intrude, the town is promoting attractive park promenades -- ideal for a basic stroll as well as an avoid the urban hubbub. The city's largely linear layout causes it to be simple to navigate, and it is really worth going through the city by yourself. The efficient tram system will give you anywhere you need to go.
 
Where you are Dock
The Matsugae-Pier cruiseship terminal isn't too not even close to the they city center. It's next door in the road as much as Glover Gardens. Within the terminal, the publish office may generate a table where one can exchange money, mail postcards, and buy stamps. Matsugae Pier is simply more than one mile in the city center, about ten minutes by taxi, and 25 minutes by local tram.
 
The easiest method to navigate the roads of Nagasaki is by means of streetcars. For any mere 100 yen ($.85) you are able to travel on these attractive streetcars for just about any entire route. Streetcar stops are designed in British, and you will find four lines running through downtown Nagasaki. However, Nagasaki is another terrific walking city. Since it is rather densely packed, you are able to navigate the roads by walking very quickly whatsoever. Additionally, there's bus service throughout Nagasaki, consider no bus stop signs are designed in British, you may encounter some difficulty finding the right path.
The pier itself offers no services. Cruise-ship people can certainly walk came from here towards the entrance to Glover Garden (ten minutes), the tram 5 stop or even the waterfront promenade.
 
Making Your Way Around
By Walking: The majority of Nagasaki's tourist points of interest are inside a 20-minute walk from the port.
By Tram: The city's tram lines are simple to navigate, even for those who don't typically use public transit in your own home. Board through any door, and spend the money for flat fare of 100 yen when you are getting off. There's additionally a 500-yen day pass, but many day site visitors won't ride enough to really make it useful. The tram line is designated 1, 3, 4 and 5, and also the stops are generally designated and designed in British letters. The stop for tram 5 is simply outdoors the wharf precinct and left, and you may reach most points of interest within 5 minutes. Tram lines one and three stop near to the Nagasaki Explosive device Museum, a 15-minute ride in the city center. Buses supplement the trams, but they're harder to make use of.
By Taxi: Taxis are all around, cheap and metered. Motorists are often very honest.
 
Things to see and do in Nagasaki
Though Nagasaki had already been around for some 1000 years, the city's first real claim to fame dates to the 1550s (and then, of course, to the end of the war in August of 1945). In 1550 the first Portuguese ship arrived in Nagasaki Harbor. In 1571, the Japanese government opened up the port of Nagasaki to foreign trade to the Dutch and, to a lesser degree, Chinese.
 
The foreign traders were confined to tiny Dejima Island, first the Portuguese and then the Dutch after Portuguese traders were expelled. For more than 200 years this was Japan's only contact with the outside world. What remains of the city's experience with outsiders can be found in Chinatown, a reconstructed Dejima, castella (pound cake), the longer noses Nagasaki residents have supposedly been saddled with thanks to their Dutch genes, and more.
 
Dejima, Nagasaki, Kyushu, Japan.
This former man-made island is now part of the mainland of the city thanks to landfill. Dejima was a Dutch trading post to which the "hairy barbarians" were confined - and ordinary Japanese, except for courtesans provided to the Dutch, Japanese guards and Tokugawa officials, prohibited from entering - during Japan's two hundred years of self-imposed isolation (sakoku) from 1641 to 1854.
 
Dejima was the source of Rangaku, or Dutch learning, that became the basis of modern Japanese medicine and science. Much of Dejima is currently under construction now, but it is well worth seeing. Dejima is a short walk from Nagasaki's Chinatown.
The Siebold Memorial Museum is well worth a visit if you are interested in the early history of foreigners in Japan. Philipp Franz von Siebold was a German doctor who came to Japan with the Dutch and was resident physician on Dejima from 1823 -1829.
Siebold did much to introduce western medicine to Japan and introduce Japan to the west on his return to Europe. Take a #3 streetcar for Hotarujaya from Nagasaki Station and get off at Shinnakagawamachi and then a short walk.
 
Chinatown
Entrance gate to Nagasaki Chinatown. Shinchi, Nagasaki's Chinatown, is a smaller version of the Chinatowns in Kobe and Yokohama complete with four ornate gates and packed with Chinese restaurants and shops.
Try Nagasaki's most famous dish champon: noodles served with shellfish, vegetables, and meat in a thick soup. (Champon reputedly comes from the Chinese for "Have you eaten yet?").
 
Chinese influence is not restricted to Chinatown alone. Sofukuji Temple dating from 1629 is an interesting place to visit for its imitations of Ming Dynasty architecture.
Likewise Kofukuji Temple known as the "Chinese Temple" was established by the city's Chinese residents in the early seventeenth century. The Confucius Shrine was built in 1893 by Chinese residents to serve their religious needs and indeed the land still belongs to China and the title is administered by the Chinese embassy in Tokyo. Two other temples in Nagasaki with a Chinese connection are Shofukuji and Fukusaiji.
 
Other temples in Nagasaki include Daikoji Temple (Tel: 095 822 2877), which dates from 1614. Hosshinji Temple contains Nagasaki's oldest bell, cast way back in 1438. Daionji Temple's cemetery has the grave of Matsudaira Zushonokami, the Tokugawa-appointed magistrate (bugyo) of Nagasaki, who in 1808 committed ritual suicide after the British frigate, HMS Phaeton, sailed into Nagasaki harbor. This intrusion led to the Tokugawa regime instructing its official interpreters to learn English and Russian, as well as Dutch, and in 1814, the first English-Japanese dictionary containing 6,000 words was compiled by the Dutch scholar Motoki Shozaemon. This incident is related in the novel The Thousand Autumns of Jacob de Zoet by David Mitchell.
 
Kotaiji Temple (Tel: 095 823 7211) is another temple in Nagasaki's Teramachi area, an active Zen temple of the Soto sect, where foreigners are welcome to join meditation practice.
 
Since it opened to the public in April, 2009, the tiny uninhabited island of Hashima, located about 15km from Nagasaki, has quickly risen in popularity and is now one of the top tourist attractions of the city. More commonly known as Gunkanjima, Battleship Island in English, because seen from a distance the island resembles the shape of a battleship, Hashima is a ghost island with a post apocalyptic landscape of crumbling concrete and abandoned buildings that was once the most densely populated place on the planet.
 
Meganebashi ("Spectacles Bridge") is the oldest foreign style bridge in Japan and lies south of the main station across the Nakajima River. The double arches of the stone bridge resemble spectacles when reflected in the water, hence the name. The Nagasaki Lantern Festival is a must-see festival if you are in the area in late January and early February as the city celebrates Chinese New Year.
 
The Nagasaki Museum of History and Culture is not far from Suwa Shrine and is partly housed in a reconstruction of the Edo Period Nagasaki Magistrate's Office. The museum details Nagasaki's international exchange with China, Holland, Portugal, Spain and Korea and displays industrial arts and crafts produced in Nagasaki as a fruit of the city's international trade. Across the road is the free Museum for the Former Site of Santo Domingo Church - which exhibits the ruins of the Edo Period church of Santo Domingo. The remains of the church were discovered during building work on the Sakuramachi Elementary School next door.
 
The Kameyama Shachu Memorial Museum is a restoration of the building that housed a shipping company begun by Sakamoto Ryoma, a prominent activist in the struggles to overthrow the Tokugawa regime in the 1850's and 1860's. The museum is a 15-20 minute walk from the Kokaido-mae tram stop close to Kokufuji Temple.
 
Oura Catholic Church
Oura Catholic Church is Japan's oldest Gothic church built for the foreign community in the nineteenth century under the supervision of a French missionary, Petit Jean. The church is on the way to Glover House and is closely tied to the history of Japan's Hidden Christians (kakure kirishitan) who were persecuted, often martyred and forced into hiding by a Tokugawa government ban on Christianity.
In particular the church commemorates the martyrdom in 1597 of 26 Christians - 20 Japanese (including 3 young boys) and six foreigners (4 Spaniards, 1 Mexican and an Indian) - who were crucified and run through with spears in Nagasaki on the orders of Hideyoshi Toyotomi, Japan's military ruler at the time. The site of the actual incident is Nishizakamachi - a short walk from Nagasaki Station.
 
The monument below and adjacent Twenty-Six Martyrs Museum were completed in 1962. The museum has an excellent collection of historical artifacts relating to the introduction of Christianity in Japan including original statues of the Virgin Mary, disguised as Kannon, the Japanese goddess of mercy, and fumi-e, metal images of Jesus or Mary, that Christians were forced to stamp on to renounce their faith. The highlight of the museum is an original letter written by Francis Xavier to King John III of Portugal. The museum also covers the Hidden Christians (kakure kirishitan) who continued their faith in secret throughout the Edo Period.
 
Urakami Cathedral
This fine brick building and reputedly the largest church in the East is a replica of 1925 original destroyed by the atom bomb in 1945. You can still see scorch marks on some of the restored statues near the front entrance and the first belfry which collapsed into the church grounds and is preserved as a memorial. Urakami Cathedral was originally built to serve the many kakure kirishitan (Hidden Christians), who had retained a version of their faith during the times of persecution under the Tokugawa regime in the Edo Period of Japanese history (1603-1867). The original Urakami Cathedral was completed in 1925 and the building we see today dates from 1959.
 
Glover House
The inspiration for Puccini's Madame Butterfly, this mansion was built in 1863 by Scottish merchant Thomas Glover. Glover came to Japan at age 21 and never left. He worked in shipbuilding, coal, arms dealing and brewing, ultimately being awarded the Second Class Order of the Rising Sun. The Glover house and grounds sit atop a hill that commands a view of the entire city - and speak of a bygone era of fabulous luxury.
 
Dutch Slope
Close to Oura Catholic Church and the Confucian Shrine, is Orandazaka (Dutch Slope), a pleasant area with views of the bay. This district was settled by foreigners after Nagasaki opened as a Treat Port in 1859 and contains some attractive western-style, clapboard buildings preserved as museums, cafes or private residences.
 
Peace Park
A trip to Nagasaki must include a ride out to Peace Park and the nearby Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum dedicated to the events of August 9th, 1945. Connected to the Atomic Bomb Museum is the impressive and moving Nagasaki National Peace Memorial Hall for the Atomic Bomb Victims with a registry of all the victims of the bombing kept in a solemn and beautiful, subterranean Remembrance Hall. Next to the Atomic Bomb Museum is the Nagasaki Museum of History and Folklore containing the Noguchi Yataro Art Museum. Peace Park is a few minutes walk away, and was the epicenter of the atomic bombing in 1945. Go up the stairs to the beautifully laid out garden, with its Peace Fountain, the famous Peace Statue, and with memorials for peace donated by several different countries, many of them from the former Eastern Bloc. Urakami Cathedral is only a short walk away up hill along with the Nagai Takashi Memorial Museum.
 
Tourist information can be found at Nagasaki Prefectural Tourist Association: 095-826-9407 on the second floor of the Ken-ei bus station, and Nagasaki City Tourist Association: 095-823-3631. There is a tourist information office at Nagasaki Station 095 823 3631.
 
Don't Miss
A vacation to the Atomic Explosive device Museum is the main reason site visitors arrived at Nagasaki. The museum's location, north from the city center contributing to two miles in the cruiseship pier, coincides using the hypocenter from the explosion. The explosive device was designed to land in the middle of the town, using its industry and shipyards, but poor visibility led to the explosive device landing within the northern and surrounding suburbs rather. Of the population believed to become 240,000, 73,844 were wiped out, and merely as numerous were hurt through the blast, warmth sun rays and radiation.
 
Within the museum, photos show the town before its destruction, in addition to footage from the explosive device being dropped, captured pics of in the air. Using distributing lights, one from the city shows areas destroyed and broken. Subsequent photos show burned sufferers, shadows of objects left through the warmth sun rays (like a lookout along with a ladder against a wall), radiation effects and genetic effects on generation x. Contributing to the poignancy, story sections and videos tell survivors' tales and illustrate the relief and save efforts. Within the adjacent Peace Park, you will find a sculpture of the guy together with his right hands pointing towards the sky from whence the explosive device came and left hands outstretched, requesting help. Take tram 1 or 3 in the city center the ride takes about fifteen minutes. (7-8 Hirano-cho open daily, 8:30 a.m. to six:30 p.m.)
 Another major attraction is Glover Garden, an put together assortment of mostly wooden western-style houses along with other structures, occur a hillside park, that go as far back towards the 1800s, when Western retailers established pay outs in Nagasaki to advertise trade between your East and West. Glover Garden is situated on the slope directly over the cruise pier and it is easily arrived at by a number of escalators. The garden's title originates from Thomas Glover, a Scot, who -- throughout the Meiji Restoration within the late 19th and early 20th centuries -- established Japan's first railroad and also the shipbuilding industry that later grew to become Mitsubishi. Site visitors can easily see the Mitsubishi No. 2 Pier landing, with exhibits detailing its development. Glover's house and individuals of other Western entrepreneurs in beer brewing and coal mining will also be situated there. The wooden, Medieval-style Oura Catholic Chapel, built-in 1863 for that foreign community, has become listed like a national treasure. ( open daily, 8 a.m. to six p.m.)
 
The Dejima Museum recalls the existence and influence from the Nederlander island colony that been around for many two centuries throughout Japan's isolation period. The website was selected to avoid multiplication of Christianity one of the Japanese. Most exhibits are located inside a Protestant Seminary -- a restored, wooden, two-story building -- plus they concentrate on the trade carried out throughout the isolation period and also the influential cultural trades between your Japanese and Men and women. A restored stone warehouse shows a few of the ancient finds around the original property. The museum might be utilized by walking in the pier within fifteen minutes or by Trams 1 and 5. (6-3 Dejima-cho open daily, 8 a.m. to six p.m.)
 
Eating Out
Due to the foreign connections in Nagasaki's history, it features a status for culinary diversity. All influences get together in shippoku-ryori, a banquet style meal that mixes Chinese, Japanese and Portuguese influences, in most cases requires four or five diners. The neighborhood ramen niche is Champon, and Sara-udon is its stir-fried equivalent. If you're within the mood for any large splurge the best in Japanese cuisine is kaiseki, a number of exquisitely prepared and presented dishes selected meticulously to complement the growing season.
 
Obinata is situated at 3-19 Funadaiku-machi (095/826-1437) featuring excellent Italian food. The veal and also the beef filet are generally tremendous, although rather costly. All the pasta dishes tend to be more reasonable and quite tasty. Who owns Obinata is really a wine connoisseur, so there's a significant choice of fine wines. The lasagna is offered by having an outstanding side of special bread, and actually, I'd advise requesting this bread to accompany any meal that you simply order! The OILlamps and soft music result in the ambiance romantic and comfy, with antiques scattered throughout along with a flower bouquet around every turn, Obinata is really a visual treat too. Mixing the décor and also the food, this area is indeed a treat.
 
Gohan are available at 2-32 Aburayamachi (095/825-3600) featuring authentic Japanese food such as the elders accustomed to make. This really is most likely the most popular place around, and despite the fact that it's somewhat hidden and difficult to find, don't let it escape you or else you will be sorry. The very best touch may be the menu, that is handwritten and changes every single day. Whatever has been offered for supper will certainly delight, plus some past faves range from the snapper, sashimi with potato, and fresh seafood cooked perfectly. Your kitchen is open and also the servers are lively, developing a fun-filled and comfy atmosphere. Harbin is situated at 2-27 Kozen-machi (095/822-7443) and serves great French and Russian cuisine. It's been popular since its establishment in 1959, and two best products around the menu would be the duck steak and also the lamb. They're prepared delectably, and also the bar around the bottom floor is really a lively change of pace in the elegant restaurant. Actually, the Harbin bar may be the premier evening place in Nagasaki, full of local people and vacationers, youthful and old, artists and businessmen, all whom are to talk to buddies or have a cocktail.
 
Shopping
Hamanomachi is really a covered shopping arcade situated about one mile in the pier, ten minutes by taxi, and 25  fifteen minutes by local tram. It's a most fun spot to wander, even when your shopping is just from the window variety. You will notice the everyday products of Japanese existence in addition to exquisite crafts, such as the indigo blue dyed zome cloth and pottery, which is available in shades of grey and delightful hands colored designs. 
The Yume Sight Mall is really a recently developed complex that has lots of shops, boutiques, and niche stores to help keep you just busy and happy for hrs. Should you browse around, you'll certainly have some bargains on clothing, apparel, and jewelry.


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