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Lynn Canal is an inlet (not an artificial canal) into the mainland of southeast Alaska.The magnificent Lynn Canal North America’s longest glacial fjord, a natural inlet It's really a deep fjord, the longest glacial fjord in North America and one of the deepest along the state's Inside Passage.
 
Lynn Canal's location as a penetrating waterway into the interior connects Skagway and Haines, Alaska to Juneau and the rest of the Inside Passage thus making it a major route for shipping, cruise ships, and ferries.
 
The fjord stretches 100 miles and is 2,000 feet deep. (145 km), 7–12 miles wide (11–19 km), and is in southeast Alaska and just east of Haines on the most northern stretch of the Inside Passage.. It connects in the south with the Chatham Strait and Stephens Passage and thrusts to the north between the mountains to arrive into the inlets of the Chilkoot and Chilkat rivers.
 
The Lynn Canal connects Skagway with Juneau and is a very important shipping lane. In 1896 during the Alaska gold rush this was the major route to the gold fields. The canal is carved by nature, not by man. This is an extremely deep fjord, and the longest glacial fjord in North America.
 
 
The Lynn Canal was named by a 1794 Vancouver expedition team. Known for its towering mountains, crystal-blue waters and breathtaking greenery. Larger cruise ships are not able to navigate the narrow chasm, though the smaller ships and ferries can. This offers their passengers a remarkable, and unforgettable view of some of Alaska's most remarkable scenery. Cruise passengers will enjoy the waterfalls, sea lions and other native wildlife.
 
The canal was named in 1794 by Captain George Vancouver. He named it after his birthplace, King's Lynn in England. The Canal has sweeping vistas with higher and more beautiful mountains upon every turn.
 
Lynn Canal's location as a penetrating waterway into the interior connects Skagway and Haines, Alaska to Juneau and the rest of the Inside Passage thus making it a major route for shipping, cruise ships, and ferries as well.
 
During the Klondike Gold Rush it was a major route to the boom towns of Skagway and Dyea and thence to the Klondike gold fields. The worst maritime disaster in the history of the Pacific Northwest occurred in Lynn Canal during October 1918,
 
After the gold rush and the creation of the White Pass and Yukon Route railroad ore and other freight from the Yukon Territory was transported on the railroad to Skagway and its deepwater port and then shipped through Lynn Canal. However, in the 1970s and 1980s the freight subsided as mining activity curtailed in the interior and today very little freight is actually shipped in the Lynn Canal.
 
Currently, transportation in the canal is provided by Alaska Marine Highway ferries. There are also several other entrepreneurial water taxis and ferries available, but the AMHS is far and away the most frequently used. A project of uncertain future is the Lynn Canal Highway.
 
Because of its high use, the Coast Guard installed several lighthouses in the early 20th century including Eldred Rock Light, Sentinel Island Light, and Point Sherman Light.
 
Historically, Lynn Canal proved to be a waterway involved in a dispute of the "Alaskan Panhandle," a strip of land running down the pacific coast between British Columbia and Alaska. Of particular value was the fact that Lynn Canal provided access to the Yukon, where gold was found in 1896. The dispute was fought between Canada and The United States of America, and finally settled in 1903 with the British, weary from fighting in the Boer War, ruled that the Canal was part of Alaska, not British Columbia.



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