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Tunis consists of an incredible assortment of wealthy culture and heritage. Through the years, many empires have left their mark on the place. The Romans, Phoenicians, French, Ottoman Turks, the Byzantines, and also the Arabs have given their contributions for this African country, which makes it among the most popular tourist Locations in Africa. It is an ancient land that is at the threshold of progressive and modern development.
Tunis is the capital of Tunisia, and is among the most tourist friendly Metropolitan areas within the Islamic world. Actually, the finest sights Tunisia needs to offer are only a couple of minutes from Tunis, which is an additional advantage. One of these simple magnificent sights may be the ancient town of Carthage. It dates completely to 814 BC, operated by the Phoenicians who rapidly built it right into a great metropolis. The Romans required within the region within the sixth century BC, following a 128-year Punic War. The Vandals then mastered the location in 439 AD, then the Byzantines in 533 AD. The Byzantines weren't sufficiently strong to carry about it lengthy either, because the Arabs required control in 670 AD.
Its northern border coast of Tunisia is called the eco-friendly belt, having a fertile seaside plain supported by the heavily forested Kroumirie Mountain tops. This kind of atmosphere breeds wild boars, jackals and mongoose. If you wish to see a little of traditional existence, however, then travel up to the more rural places that the hammam and also the mosques remain the central focus of the lives.
Docking & Local Transportation
The main harbour in La Goulette is easily situated ten km from Tunis. A train service (TGM) is to establish to consider you to the middle of Tunis
Some ships pier in the commercial pier in La Goulette, an angling port eight miles north of Tunis, however a new wharf was lately completed, adding two new docks and corresponding cruise devices. The Two,165-feet-lengthy quayside area includes a tourism and entertainment complex, Goulette Village Harbor, that provides from shopping and dining to banking services and health spa remedies.
The Taxis, that are known as Louages, are five passenger automobiles which make exactly the same route because the buses do. The taxis are faster, though, however they don't leave until they're full
Making Your Way Around
Cabs can be found in the gate towards the port. Costs are fixed by the amount of seats and by destination. It can be hard to locate a cab to port, though, so you might like to make plans together with your driver to stick with you or return to collect you later. You will find also electric trains from La Goulette to downtown Tunis. Bikes are for sale to rent within the cruise village. Led tours by bike will also be able to deliver affordable rates.
Hanging Out
The docks are just about 50 % miles from downtown La Goulette although the port once focused simply to cargo ships, a better terminal building at Goulette Village Harbor welcomes cruise people to a souk. Additionally to the shops, the facilities will also be the place to find a Hammam (Moorish bath), where one can choose a scrub-lower or one of many other interesting remedies, including one where seafood eat dead skin cells from your ft.
The city of La Goulette itself features a number of Tunis' best sea food restaurants. Otherwise you are best going to Tunis, about eight miles in the port, in order to points of interest just outdoors of La Goulette, like Carthage and Sidi Bou Stated. Three phones for public use can be found within the cruise village they accept both dollars and pounds.
Must Do Experiences
It is a cobweb of retailers inside a huge covered building, where tradition has been around for 100s of years. It's situated in the middle of downtown (open daily from 10 a.m. to two p.m. the doorway reaches Bab el Bahr). This is actually the city’s commercial and social center. Stalls of dates, carpet weavers, crafts in abundance and coffee shops, bookstores line the passageways.
Within the souk, La Rachidia delivers high-quality antiques and art objects and has developed in the same family for decades. It's near Coffee shop M'rabet, on Souk Ettrouk, 11. For area rugs browse the rug shop over the way at Souk Ettrouk, 6.
Souk shopping could be confusing and it's wise to choose a speed boat guide. Bargaining is second character there, and you ought to never spend the money for first cost you are given. It's really exciting to bargain, to feel a part of an old culture. And even when you are not really a shopper, the sights and sounds within the narrow alleyways will amaze you. Remember, should you start negotiating it's considered rude to not complete the offer whenever a fair cost is provided. When you stop to check out something, bargaining will start.
Le Bardo is situated inside a glorious 18th-century whitened- and blue-trimmed structure close to the Tunisian parliament building, featuring a really impressive assortment of mostly ancient Roman mosaics shown on walls and flooring. You will find also collections of marble statues and jewelry in the ancient world. Le Bardo is a reasonably distance in the port and isn't really close holiday to a points of interest, so you might want to investigate cruise-ship tours that visit there.
Carthage, founded through the Phoenicians within the ninth century B.C., was destroyed through the Romans after three wars after which reconstructed being certainly one of Rome's most intriguing provincial capitals. The ruins are scattered, along with a modern residential neighborhood continues to be built over the majority of the area. It's lovely with lush gardens and clearly costly houses -- among the best places to reside in Tunisia.
The Carthage Museum, which showcases found objects that vary from a genuine-existence skeleton to gold jewellery, and Byrsa Hill, an ancient site. Even when you visit using a ship tour, be ready to pay a charge for any ticket permitting vacationers to photograph the ruins.
Referred to like a Tunisian Santorini, this village clings towards the hillside over the blue ocean composed of charming, whitened-cleaned and blue-shingled houses, no surprise it's inspired poets and artists, for example French novelist Colette and Swiss painter Paul Klee. The village, that was when a major summer time resort , includes a primary street/souk that's full of small shops, selling typical souvenirs like magnets, in addition to pretty ceramics, leather goods and bird cages.
Don't miss a trip to Dar el Annabi, a "typical" Sidi Bou Said house that's available to the general public. A home is built directly on the street and isn't prepossessing in the outdoors, nevertheless its charm is it stretches infinitely back, with lovely rooms which are decorated in variety tiles and skylights you will find a courtyard along with a prayer room. An example of mint teas is complimentary using the entrance fee. More peaceful may be the marina underneath the retail mayhem and narrow, cobbled roads from the village.
Local Interests
You will find many beautiful mosques in Tunis. One particularly is La Grande Mosque. Inside this is actually the Jamaa ez Zitouna that was reconstructed by Aghlabid Ahmed in 856. It had been further enhanced through the Zirids within the tenth century, after which finally through the Turks in 1637. This is actually the earliest and biggest mosque in Tunis.
Palaces will always be a great resource of both background and beauty. The Dar Hussein is undoubtedly the most amazing structure in Tunis, and it was built-in the 1700s. The very first municipal court met within 1858, and today it supports the Institute National d'Archeologie et d'Art. There's an attractive patio entrance with whitened marble paving and posts, in addition to neo-Corinthian capitals. Within the walls, a little corner reveals to show the inside courtyard along with a small garden.
The Grave of Princess Aziza is stored safe inside a private house. A revered Ottoman princess, her ornate tomb is placed among the numerous within this mausoleum embellished in polychrome ceramics and plasterwork.
Unique to Tunis along with a treasure for those art buffs and fans of mythology would be the mosaics within the Musée du Bardo. Check out the Roman and Paleo-Christian exhibits and marvel in the temple devoted to Apollo.
The remnants of ancient Carthage - fabled wealthy seafaring city of the Phoenicians - lie scattered across the Bay of Tunis. The evocative tumbled columns and piles of marble rubble are bordered by a panorama of the Mediterranean Sea, which was so fundamental to the city's prosperity. Completely destroyed in the third Punic War in 146 BC, the surviving ruins pale in comparison to some of North Africa's other ancient sites, but this doesn't mean you shouldn't visit. With their seafront setting the ruins have an unbeatable, lost-in-time air. The separate sites are strung out along the bay area and can be easily reached by a mix of walking and using the Tunis Light Railway. Don't skip the views across the entire area from the top of Byrsa Hill.
Bardo National Museum
 The world's most renowned mosaic collection resides in this opulent palace in Tunis. Along with Cairo's Egyptian Museum, The Bardo is one of North Africa's two top museum experiences. Inside, room after room exhibits gloriously intricate and still vibrantly fresh examples of mosaic art that have been unearthed from sites across the entirety of Tunisia. The Sousse Room, Odysseus Room and Dougga Room have particularly impressive exhibits of this art form, but the entire collection is a treasury and is well worth an entire afternoon of browsing. The ground floor of the building holds some interesting non-mosaic exhibits with displays of the neo-Punic, Christian, and Islamic eras.
Hours: Open 9am-5pm May-Sept; open 9:30am-4:30pm Oct-Apr  Admission: Entry 11 TND -- Location: Le Bardo district Official site: http://www.bardomuseum.tn/
Sidi Bou Said
The gorgeous Andalusian-style seaside neighbourhood of Sidi Bou Said owes its fame to three young painters. While living here in 1914, Paul Klee, August Macke and Louis Moilliet captured the beauty of its whitewashed buildings and blue doors on canvas. Sidi Bou Said has been something of a bohemian artist's quarter ever since, and is a favoured weekend hangout spot for Tunis locals. There are no tourist attractions as such (that's part of its charm), but you can't fail to be beguiled by the perfect white-and-blue streets, cliff side cafés and picture-postcard shoreline.
Medina District
Chock-a-block full of crumbling buildings found by weaving your way through a procession of ever-skinnier alleyways, the Medina (Old Town) district is Tunis' historic heart and is brimming with sightseeing potential. The main entrance gate, marking the end of the new city and beginning of the old is known as Bab el Bahr (Sea Gate). Built in 1848, it was known as Porte de France during the colonial period. The old town walls of the Hafsid period may have long ago disappeared but once inside mosques, madrassas (Islamic schools of learning), and mausoleums boasting opulent tile work and splendid Fatimid and Ottoman architecture line the twisting streets. Getting lost while meandering and stumbling onto some fabulous monumental relic is half the fun.
Shoppers should head to Souk des Chechias, where the makers of Tunisia's traditional woollen hats have had their workshops for centuries. The area between Rue Djemma ez Zaitouna and Rue Kasbah is where most of the souvenir stalls congregate. Location: Main entry at Bab el Bahr (gate) on Rue el Jazeera
Olive Tree Mosque (Djemma ez Zaitouna)
The Medina district's great mosque is home to some of the country's finest examples of religious architecture. Begun during the Umayyad dynasty in AD 732, it has been added to and refined by conquering empires in the centuries since. Although non-Muslims cannot enter the prayer hall, visitors are free to wander around the opulent and tranquil exterior courtyard and also to head up to the rooftop where dazzling tile work is on display. The rooftop is also one of the best places in the Medina to get panoramic photographs of the area. Location: Rue Djemma ez Zaitouna
St Vincent de Paul Cathedral
 In Tunis' Ville Nouvelle (New Town) stands this imposing cathedral, the largest surviving building of Tunisia's French colonial period. Its bulky neo-Romanesque facade presides grandly over the north end of Place de l'Indépendance and, at the time of construction in 1893, it was a monumental reminder of France's dominance over the country. Inside is the tomb of the Unknown Soldier. Location: Place de l'Indépendance
New Town (Ville Nouvelle)
 A world away from the organic jumble of the Medina, Tunis' Ville Nouvelle was developed during the French colonial era. Its main core is Avenue Habib Bourguiba - a magnificently wide avenue planted with palms and eucalyptus trees. The street heads eastwards, from just outside the Medina on Place de l'Indépendance towards the harbour in a dead straight line.
Architecture fans should check out the wonderful mix of colonial and post-colonial buildings along Avenue Habib Bourguiba, from the modernist inverted pyramid of Hotel du Lac to the more genteel and grand European-style of the government buildings. At the intersection with Avenue Mohammed V, Place d'Afrique has a clock monument symbolising Tunisia's modern era.
La Goulette (Tunis Port)
La Goulette is the port suburb of the capital and has been a place of strategic importance (controlling the harbour entrance) since time immemorial. In the reign of the Emperor Charles V, it was the most important Spanish possession in the eastern Maghreb. From 1574 onwards, the Ottoman rulers enlarged and strengthened the fortress built by Spain. La Goulette became a port only during the French colonial period, when the Lake of Tunis silted up and could no longer take ships of any size.
For sightseeing, La Goulette has Spanish and Ottoman forts to explore and the gateway of the Old Arsenal (on the Tunis Road). If just soaking up the sea air is more your thing, the main coastal road (Avenue Franklin Roosevelt) is La Goulette's top promenading venue. Beyond the modern harbour, the long stretch of sandy beach is one of the city's top spots for evening and weekend relaxing.
Mosque of Sidi Mahrez
This Ottoman-style mosque is named after the 10th century marabout of Mohammed Mahrez es Seddiki (the 'Ascetic'), who is the Islamic equivalent of a patron saint for the city. It's a graceful building topped off with nine white domes. Mahrez played a vital role after the sacking of Tunis in AD 944, encouraging citizens to rebuild and to develop trade and industry. He is buried across the road from the mosque. Location: Rue Sidi
Mahrez, Medina
Aziza Othman was the daughter of the 17th century governor Othman Bey, and was much loved by a devoted band of followers because of her charitable works and piety. The mausoleum is in the forecourt of a private house and can be seen in return for a small tip. Location: Rue el Jelloud, Medina
These two streets (and their surrounding alleys) in the Medina have a wealth of architectural gems. The mid-19th century Zaouia Sidi Brahim (Rue Sidi Brahim) is a showcase of sumptuous palace interiors, while 18th century Dar Lasrim (Rue du Tribunal) is another lavish example of palace style. The Ottoman pasha once resided along Rue du Pacha and the houses that still line the lane host some of the finest examples of engraved wooden doorways in the city.
Within the hillsides west of Tunis is yet another of Tunisia's UNESCO World Heritage sites, Dougga (also Thugga), which is the finest illustration of a little Roman city  present in North Africa. The ruin features several excellent stone structural remains together with a theater, several baths, the main city and temples praising Saturn and Juno Caelestis. You will find also earlier remains of Berber and Punic cultures, including a remarkable mausoleum and then Byzantine structures.La Goulette Cruise Terminal to Dougga - 120 km, one hour 40 minutes
Dar Hussein
The sumptuous Dar Hussein Palace was built in the 18th century and restored during the 19th century. Now home to Tunisia's National Institute of Archaeology and Art, visitors can wander freely in the beautiful inner courtyard (but aren't allowed into the palace itself) and soak up the opulent surroundings.Location: Rue Sidi Bou Khrissan, Medina
Dar Ben Abdallah
The interior of this 18th century palace has been put to good use as the home of the city's folk museum (the Musée du Patrimoine Traditionnel de la Ville de Tunis). The exhibits include faience, stucco ornament, costumes and furniture.Location: Rue Sidi Kassem, Medina
Holy Cross Church
Founded in 1662 by French chaplain Jean Le Vacher, the former Holy Cross Church was one of the first religious buildings established in Tunis for the many European merchants who came here to trade. Location: Rue Djemaa ez Zitouna, Medina
Tourbet el Bey
Under the mammoth dome of Tourbet el Bey (built in 1758) is the burial place of nearly all of the Husseinite dynasty (1705-1957) rulers.Location: Rue Tourbet
Parc du Belvédère and the Museum of Modern Art
This welcome splash of greenery is one of the city's top spots to catch your breath and regroup from the hustle of the busy streets. The hillside has been planted with Aleppo pine, carob-trees, olive and fig trees and palm trees, and those who take the short hike up to the top of the hill are rewarded with fantastic panoramas of the entire city (on a clear day). On the east side of the park is the Museum of Modern Art, which is home to the country's top collection of work by Tunisian artists. The park is also home to the city's zoo.
Historic Tunis
Aside from the Medina, the town offers among the finest historical museums in North Africa, the Bardo Musuem. Located within an impressive thirteenth century structure, the Bardo Museum is most well-known because of its assortment of Roman mosaics that are from a number of sites and eras and were collected and collected in a single place. Additionally, the museum offers pre-historic items, Carthagian remains, and Arabic products within an impressive display of North African heritage and history. For individuals thinking about newer history, its northern border Africa American Graveyard honors the nearly 3,000 People in America wiped out within the first battles of The Second World War where the US participated.
Ancient Carthage
Established through the Phoenicians, Carthage would be a effective city condition lengthy prior to the rise of Rome. The Punic wars from the third and 2nd centuries BCE were difficult for that dominance from the Mediterranean between Rome and Carthage, which brought towards the utter destruction from the proud North African city and also the rise from the Roman Empire. Because of the wealthy farming land that surrounds the region, Carthage soon rose again being an important satellite towards the Roman Empire.
The UNESCO World Heritage site that continues to be may be the remnant from the Roman city that came about in the Punic ruins. Within the centuries, large servings of the marble structures happen to be hauled away and utilized in other structures such as the Zitouna Mosque in Tunis' Median and also the Sidi Uqba Mosque in Kairouan. La Goulette Cruise Terminal to Carthage - 7 Km, ten minutes
Sidi Bou Said
The city of Sidi Bou Stated is really a wealthy enclave of artists and shops which draws in many cruiser motorcycles due to its lovely sights from the ocean from the top a high cliff not not even close to Ancient Carthage and south from the beach RESORTS  at Gammarth. Legendary for the sights but for the blue and whitened houses, site visitors will love the neighborhood crafts and works of art which are available store that line the steep narrow walkways within the town. La Goulette Cruise Terminal to Sidi Bou Stated - 9 km, 14 minutes
Shore Excursions
Best Choice for Overall View: Book the all-day tour to the Bardo Museum, Carthage & Sidi Bou Said. View the mosaics at the Bardo, visit the souk, enjoy a lunch buffet at a local restaurant, admire the Phoenician and Roman ruins at Carthage, and take in the pretty village of Sidi Bou Said. This tour will give you a good comprehensive view of a fascinating country.
Editor's note: Check your ship's roster for shorter tours that break up these attractions; for instance, you may be able to combine the museum and a souk visit.
Best Choice for Thrill-Seekers: Check out the nomadic life of the Berbers on a 4x4 tour (you drive yourself and a guide escorts the caravan). You visit the town of Takrouna, located on a cliff with views of the Gulf of Hammamet. Continue through small villages and across fields to visit the hilltop village of Zjaradou. Rural traditions and lifestyle are on display.This might be your chance to observe Berber life.
Best Choice for Explorer Types: Go trekking in a natural reserve called Ichkeul. The area was designated a biosphere reserve in 1977. The park's freshwater area is the largest in Tunisia and provides water for much of the country. After your hike, stop by the Roman and Punic ruins and museum at Utica, a Phoenician settlement founded in 1100 B.C. Discoveries on display here include mosaic floors from Phoenician, Roman and Byzantine times.
Beaches and Resort Areas
Tunisia offers a number of North Africa's best beach resort areas, a number of that are available to cruise people. The nearest is La Marsa, just ten or twenty yards northwest of Ancient Carthage and Sidi Bou Stated and mainly visited by Tunisians. A little farther north is Gammarth Beach, offering top resorts including some that are 5-star. Some cruise companies offer around el born area. Towards the south of Tunis is Hammamet, visited through the wealthy and famous, including Paul Klee, Paul McCartney and Sophia Loren.
Dining and Night life
Among the premier restaurants in Tunis is L’Astragale, which is situated at 17 Rue Duphine Componen Avenue. The cuisine is noticeably Tunisian, and also the main courses include delectable sides, including taters and grain. Mind to Avenue Habib Bourguiba and Avenue p France. When the suns set, visitors can have a lovely evening stroll along these prominent Tunisian promenades. The majority of the movie theaters in Tunis are available between your Ave Habib Bourguiba, Rue p Yougoslavie and Rue Ibn Khaldoun. You are able to discover what's playing and also at what amount of time in their daily newspaper, La Presse. For any great bar and nightclub, visit Hotel Abou Nawas El.
The very best shopping is available in the Central Market, a bazaar so filled with shops that you won't know how to start. Inside the market you'll find amazing French and Italian cheeses, soft comes, and sausages. Not to mention, there's the aroma of spices or herbs, dried fruit, and flowers used to help make the finest of fragrances. If you're looking for jewelry and delightful beautiful foreign imports, go towards the Medina. The Medina offers books, perfume, jewelry, knits and beautiful goods produced by local blacksmiths. Owing to countless little Arabian Nights style colorful markets, the locals refer to this region of the city the Souk.

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