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 Around the tip of Africa, under ten miles in the southern tip of the country, Tangier lies close to the Atlantic Sea, the gateway  towards the Mediterranean and beyond through the Strait of Gibraltar. Because the Phoenicians settled here in the region around 1200 BC, Tangier has witnessed the dominion of Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Turkish, and Muslims gain rule through the years. Tangier grew to become a hostage to European imperialism for the majority of the past millennium.
It had been only in 1956 that The other agents acquired its independence from The country and France. Evidence of the occupation is everywhere. French is really as broadly spoken as Arabic, and also the sights and sounds of Andalusia drift south, since the area using the dynamic mixture of three distinct culture
Docking & Local Transportation
Cruise ships pier in the Port of Tangier. The middle of town is under miles in the port. Keep your eyes peeled you will find a couple of unsavory figures who victimize timid searching people because they leave the main harbor. Your primary protection against this will be confident, and behave like you have been to Tangier before. Don't stop walking, even when you're frequently known as upon to prevent
Petite taxis are the easiest method to circumvent the town. They hold no more than three people. They're everywhere in Tangier, so you shouldn't have any problem hailing one. Grands taxis are suitable for longer outings between metropolitan areas, however, you should not cash occasion for implementing them. City buses are fairly efficient too.
Local Interests
Tangier consists of two primary sections. The Medina is to will discover Tangier's beautiful Grand Mosque. Even though you will not be permitted in unless of course you are Muslim, the mosque's architecture is stunning enough to understand in the outdoors. The other agents were the very first country on the planet to acknowledge America's independence in 1776, and also the American Legation building was the very first American consulate. The website is definitely an American Historic Landmark today, and also the property continues to be on American soil since 1821, once the Moroccan sultan presented it as a present. Inside are shows featuring correspondence between George Washington and also the sultan, artwork, along with a small library holding an accumulation of books and historic documents.
Tangier's Ville Nouvelle literally means new city, which is where you'll find points of interest that represent Tangier because it is today. The Mendoubia Gardens is Tangier's most relaxing park. Ocean sights and shady trees surround you at what was once the residence from the sultan's government representative. The encompassing Grand Socco was once a significant busier marketplace; however it has slowed down lower with time. St. Andrew's Chapel is really a remnant of earlier days, once the chapel was built as a mix of Arabic and Anglican styles.
Dar el Makhzen was the Kasbah's structure within the 1600s. Now, the structure continues to be changed into a memorial, honoring traditional Moroccan style and culture. The Kasbah Museum traces the varied ethnography of Tangier, a town which has known a variety of rulers within the centuries. The Forbes Museum traces the area's military past.
Tangier's Medina (Old City) tumbles down the cliff towards the ocean in a labyrinth of narrow alleyways. The central vortex of Medina life is the square known as the Petit Socco, where old men sit for hours drinking tea and playing backgammon. During its fast-paced past, the Medina was a playground for author Paul Bowles and America's legendary Beatnik literary figures such as Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg and William Burroughs. Wandering around this area is a must for Tangier visitors.
Just west of the Petit Socco on Rue Siaghine is The Church of the Immaculate Conception, built by the Spanish in 1880. East of the square is the Grand Mosque. In the southeast corner of the Old City is the Old American Legation, once the US consulate building and the oldest American diplomatic post. The museum inside traces the history of the relationship between the US and Morocco: as Morocco was one of the first countries to recognise American independence, the US established its legation in Tangier in 1821. The interesting exhibits inside include George Washington's famous letter to Mouilay Abdullah.
The Kasbah, where the sultan once lived, dominates the Medina's northern section. The gate opens onto a large courtyard, which leads to the Dar el-Makhzem Palace and the modern-day Kasbah Museum. The palace was built in the 17th century and enlarged by each reigning sultan. The carved wooden ceilings and marble courtyard showcase the intricacies of Moroccan craft-work. Also in the Kasbah is the infamous Cafe Detroit, which became a haunt for the visiting and expat writers, artists and hangers-on in the 1960s.
Kasbah Museum
The Kasbah Museum brings together an amazing number of exhibits tracing Morocco's history. The Antiquities Collection brings together finds from Roman sites such as Lixus and Volubilis and includes a life-size model of a Carthaginian tomb. There are also displays explaining Tangier's history and a large section devoted to Moroccan arts. The Fes Room is particularly interesting, containing silks and illustrated manuscripts as well as centuries-old ceramics decorated from golden yellow to the famous Fes-blue.Hours: Open daily (except closed Tues) 9am-4pm --Admission: 10DH
Ville Nouvelle
Tangier's Ville Nouvelle (New City) is a must for fans of late 19th and early 20th century architecture as it features many fine buildings from this time period. Here you'll find the Terrasse des Paresseux (Terrace of the Idle) where you can look out at the spectacular ocean view that has captivated so many European artists. With the harbour before you, look across the water for the hazy silhouettes of Gibraltar and southern Spain in the distance.
The Grand Socco (the main square) marks the end of the New City and entry to the Medina. This is where Tangier locals come to stroll, play and sit in the surrounding cafes for hours. Just to the square's north is the Mendoubia Gardens, a shady spot full of fig and dragon trees.
Contemporary Art Museum
This art gallery is devoted to modern Moroccan art, with works by the country's big-name artists on show. The gallery's grand old building dates to the 17th century. Peaceful gardens surround the museum, making the attraction a relaxing respite to the bustle outside.
Tangier's beach side district is intrinsically linked to the city's heady 1960s, when the beautiful and louche literary residents made this one of the world's most famous strips of sand. Its hey-day is now long gone, but the beach area is still a good place for a stroll with plenty of locals promenading and playing football along its length.
Cap Spartel
Cap Spartel marks Africa's northwest tip. The promontory projects into the water marking the boundary of Mediterranean Sea with Atlantic Ocean. The best time to come here is at sunset, when you can see dusk settle over the Atlantic. The lighthouse here, at the tip of the promontory, is especially photogenic.
Location: 11 km west of Tangier
The little town of Asilah, on the northwest tip of Morocco's Atlantic coast, has a history that stretches back to the Roman era. More recently, it has been under the control of both Spain and Portugal. But the town's imposing ramparts, with surviving bastions and towers, now offer a setting for delightful seaside walks. The Portuguese fortifications enclose an old town of pretty white-and-blue-washed houses with a distinctive Mediterranean feel. The town is also famous for fried seafood dishes. Restaurants line the shore, making for a great place to put your feet up while you sample some fish.
Location: 40 km from Tangier
The seaside town of Larache is the closest settlement to the Lixus archaeological site, where Greek legend tells that Hercules gathered the golden apples. The site includes a temple, theatre, acropolis and baths. Back in town itself, Larache's Archaeological Museum is housed in the Chateau de la Cigogne. The museum contains a collection of finds unearthed from Lixus, including an interesting display of perfume bottles and jewellery.
Spain's little piece of Morocco, this oddity of a town is a major transport hub with ferries across the sea to Algeciras. The old fortifications (built by the Portuguese) around the San Filipe Moat are the town's main sight, but the Ceuta Museum is also worth a look for its well-displayed collection of Punic and Roman finds.
Those with an interest in religious art and architecture should also visit Ceuta's main square - home to the interesting Cathedral Museum and the 15th century Church of Our Lady of Africa.
Melilla's fortified Medina is the centre of most of the town's sightseeing. The museum here is worth a look for its interesting archaeological section. There is a 17th century cathedral here as well. At nearby Three Fork's Cape, gaze out over the perfectly turquoise waters. From the lighthouse you can see the many small beaches and great blocks of anthracite rise out of the waters.
According to Greek mythology Tangier, or Tingi, was founded by the giant Anteus. Tingi is mentioned by Carthagian travellers as early as 500 BC, and Phoenician sailors visited even earlier. After the destruction of Carthage, Tingi was affiliated with the Berber kingdom of Mauretania. It then became an autonomous state under Roman protection, eventually becoming a Roman colony in the 3rd century AD during the reign of Diocletian, and ending as the capital of Mauretania Tingitana. In the fifth century Vandals conquered and occupied Tingi and from here swept across North Africa.
A century later Tingi became part of the Byzantine Empire and gradually fell into obscurity until the city's capture by Moussa bin Nasser during the first years of the eighth century. The city's inhabitants were converted to Islam but many Berber tribes joined the schismatic Kharijite rebellion and seized the port city in AD 739. When Moulay Idris I established his kingdom at Volubilis in AD 788, Tangier became a focal point in the struggle between the Idrissid dynasty and the Umayyads. This struggle continued until the Fatimid dynasty from Tunisia assumed power in AD 958.
Tangier came under the successive sway of the Almoravides and Almohades, after which the city fell under the influence of the Tunisian Hafsid dynasty before passing into the hands of the Merinids. By the 14th century Tangier became a major Mediterranean port frequented by European trading vessels bringing cloth, spices, metals and hunting birds in exchange for leather, wool, carpets, cereals and sugar. After an unsuccessful attempt to seize Tangier in 1437, the Portuguese finally conquered and occupied the city in 1471, converting the great mosque into a cathedral. For nearly three centuries the town was passed back and forth between the Spanish, Portuguese and finally the English, when it was given to Charles II as part of the dowry from Catherine of Braganza.
The English granted Tangier a charter, which made the city equal to English towns. In 1679 Moulay Ismail made an unsuccessful attempt to seize the town but maintained a crippling blockade, which ultimately led to a British retreat. Under Moulay Ismail the city was reconstructed to some extent but the city gradually declined until, by 1810, the population was no more than 5,000. Tangier began to revive from the mid-19th century when European colonial governments fought for influence over Morocco.
Things to do
The Atlantic Sea and also the Mediterranean And Beyond converge in Tangier, creating some very dynamic beaches. The very best Atlantic Beach is Robinson Beach. While you travel east, the med will beckon you using its deep turquoise waters. Beaches around Cap Malabata shouldn't be skipped.
Dining & Night life
Tangier's physical location coupled with its mixed history have led to a multitude of different restaurants, attractive to very diverse tastes. Besides traditional Moroccan fare, you will find excellent French bistros, and cuisine which comes from the south of the country. Your main problem ought to be attempting to save room for dessert.
Restaurant Raihani is an ideal illustration of Morocco's diversity. Besides serving outstanding Moroccan areas, district also provides up some real French special treats. San Remo may envision ideas from the Italian Riviera, but your meals are decidedly Moroccan. La Pagode includes a more diverse menu, mixing Mediterranean and European tastes. Hammadi's certainly attracts vacationers, with lavish Moroccan décor in which they can relish traditional Moroccan fare. The very best restaurants in most of Tangier are available in your accommodation El Minzah. El Korsan combines Moroccan food with the Spanish atmosphere and accomplishes perfection.
Morocco's night life is similar to Europe's, where the evening doesn’t begin until around eleven and lasts well in to the wee hours of the morning.
Shopping in Tangier isn't for that timid. You'll be flooded with products, as well as your bargaining abilities ought to be sharp, as you will need them. Should you prefer not to cope with these headaches, begin at Ensemble Artisanal. This store is controlled through the government, so costs are fixed. You will find many Moroccan memorabilia and souvenirs here.
If you are ready for that challenge, mind in to the marketplace. The Galerie Tandouf and also the nearby Bazar Tandouf both offer Moroccan crafts. You will find some great antiques at Boutique Majid. Leather enthusiasts should visit Art p la Reilure. If you are looking for a geniune Moroccan rug, take a look at Boutique Marouaini

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